BORDER=0      Dr. Abraham AKKERMAN


GEOG 340.3 The European Heritage of Our Built Environment (Spring Intersession, 1999 - ongoing)
A field study and seminar on urban design and architecture in Central Europe. The topics cover the observation and analysis of architectonic styles preserved at Prague, or elsewhere in Bohemia. Emphasis is on the inspection of the late Gothic and Baroque styles, particularly as they relate to streets and squares, and to their integration within streetscapes and architecture of the 20th century. The field study is over a period of ten working days with 3-4 hours per day of class contact.

PLAN 342.3 Community Planning in Canada  (1990 - ongoing)
Detailed investigation of community planning methodology and applications, with emphasis on population and housing analysis. The causes, impacts and proposed planning solutions for major community planning problems in Canadian urban or rural areas are discussed. Computer applications and the use of statistical information in addressing problems of inner- city neighborhoods in Saskatoon are stressed.

PLAN 346.3 Introduction to Urban Design (1990 - ongoing)
A lecture on the history and elements of urban design in context of northern built environments and the contemporary winter-city. Significance of winter solar exposure to humans, wind tunnel blockage, human scale in streetscapes, and present-day urban design dilemmas in a historical perspective are discussed. The class addresses aspects of built-environments from the late European Neolithic, through classical Antiquity to the European Middle Ages and the Renaissance, showing their relevance to contemporary issues in sustainable urban development. The studio component consists of design exercises including graphic presentations and applications in computer-aided design.

PLAN 350.3 Geography of Transportation  (2002 - ongoing)
An introduction to the geographical aspects of transportation theory and planning. Major topical areas emphasized are, travel behaviour, transportation planning and policy, and pedestrian network design. Analytic methods in travel behaviour, and design of pedestrian and other transportation networks are examined. Issues in sustainable transportation, and pedestrian traffic in urban space in particular, are emphasized. Spatial syntax of artificial environments is introduced, with a discussion on configuration of, and access to, objects in winter city streetscapes.

GEOG 392.3  History of Geographic Thought  (2003 - ongoing)
A lecture/seminar on the origins of geographic thought, and overview of ideas on the environment from early Antiquity to the onset of the Renaissance. Relationship between early environmental myths and the manufacture of tools and shelter is reviewed, leading to discussion on notions of structure of the Earth and the universe from Mesopotamia to classical Greece. Origins of geography and planning as scientific disciplines are further examined in the outlook of classical Greece and Rome. Land division and ownership as tools of environmental observation leading to first geographical treatises of Antiquity are juxtaposed with subsequent medieval withdrawal in scientific thought, particularly as reflected in various Flat Earth notions. Environmental myths of the Middle Ages are contrasted with some of the rigor in philosophical and scientific thought on the environment during the same period. Time allowing, the intellectual impact of the Age of Discovery along with New World explorations and the founding of New Towns in Europe at the onset of the Renaissance will be outlined.

GEOG 840.3  Problems in Transportation (2009 - ongoing)
This graduate class reviews major topics and problems that face contemporary transportation, and urban transportation in particular. The emphasis is on humanistic and social aspects of urban transportation, but students are encouraged to venture into urban design aspects of transportation as well.  The major thrust of the class is to place urban transportation within the context of western civilization and the city at the onset of the twenty first century. Students will develop, under the supervision of the instructor, a scholarly paper that could preferably fit into their thesis work, or be later submitted to a scholarly journal. The class will address the following topics: 1. Transportation and the history of urban transportation; 2. City-form and urban transportation; 3. Transportation and urban development; 4. Housing and urban transportation; 5. Demographic aspects of urban transportation; 6. Economic aspects of urban transportation; 7. Social aspects of urban transportation; 8. Approaches to assessment of demand vs. need in transportation; 9. Land use planning and urban transportation; 10. Urban design and urban transportation.



Phenomenology of the built environment

2015. Myths of the North and origins of city-form: Some reflections across history and prehistory,  Journal of Architecture and Urbanism 39(3): 165-175.

2014. Towards a phenomenology of the winter-city: Urbanization and mind through the Little Ice Age and its sequels, Studia Phaenomenologica 14: 161-189.

2014. Platonic myth and urban space: City-form as an allegory, University of Toronto Quarterly 83(4): 757-779.

2014. Winter-cities and mood disorder: Observations from the European city-form at the end of Little Ice Age, Trames Journal for the Humanities and Social Sciences  18(1): 19-37.

2013.   Gender myth and the mind-city composite: from Plato’s Atlantis to Walter Benjamin’s philosophical urbanism, GeoJournal 78(4): 727-741

2006. Urban superconscious and the return of the Garden Myth, The Structurist 45/46: 62-68.

2001. Urban planning in the founding of Cartesian thought, Philosophy and Geography 4(2): 143-169.

2000. Harmonies of urban design and discords of city form: Urban aesthetics in the rise of western civilization, Journal of Urban Design 5(3): 263-286.

Urban design and city-form

2013. Reclaiming the back alley, Public Sector Digest 10(3): 7-11.

2012.  Philosophical urbanism and the predilections of urban design, Chap. 1 in: Jaroslav Burian (ed.), Advances in Spatial Planning. InTech: Rijeka, Croatia, pp. 3-26.

2010, with Ariela Cornfeld. Greening as an urban design metaphor: Looking for the city's soul in leftover spaces, The Structurist 49/50: 30-3 5.

2009. Urban void and the deconstruction of Neo-Platonic city-form,  Ethics, Place and Environment 12(2): 205-218.

2008. The city as humanity's evolutionary link: Walking and thinking in urban design, The Structurist 47/48: 28-33.

2006. Femininity and masculinity in city-form: Philosophical urbanism as a history of consciousness,  Human Studies 29(2): 229-256.

2005. Towers, gates and open spaces in cities of the Old Testament, in: William A. Dando, Caroline Z. Dando and Jonathan J. Lu (eds.), Geography of the Holy Land: Perspectives, pp. 246-263. Association of American Geographers (Bible Geography Specialty Group): Washington, D.C.

2004. Philosophical urbanism and deconstruction in city-form: An environmental ethos for the twenty-first century, The Structurist 43/44: 48-53.

2002. Altruism and egoism: The Garden and the Citadel, The Structurist 41/42: 65-72.

2000. Deliberate ambiguity in a finite environment: The urban ecology of artificial items,  Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society 4(1): 87-93.

1998. Place and Thought: The Built Environment in Early European Philosophy, Woodridge: London. 228 pp. + vi.

Demography and management of growth

2005. Parameters of household composition as demographic measures, Social Indicators Research 70(2): 151-183.

2003, with Jitka Rychtarikova. Trajectories of fertility and household composition in the demographic profile of the Czech Republic, Population and Environment 24(3): 225-254.

2000. On the Leontief structure of household populations, Canadian Studies in Population 27(1): 181-193.

1999, with Bill Barry. The population of Saskatchewan, in: The Atlas of Saskatchewan (Ka-Iu Fung and Lawrence Martz, eds.), p. 188. University of Saskatchewan: Saskatoon.

1999, with Jiao Sheng He. Economic reforms and family planning in China: The one-child policy in rural Guangdong, 1979-1990, Canadian Studies in Population 26(1): 39-65.

1997, with R.M. Bone and J.C. Saku. Qualitative indicators of multiregional demographic change: Potential for developing countries, in: A. Ahmad, D. Noin and H.N. Sharma (eds.), Demographic Transition: The Third World Scenario, pp. 345-363. Rawat Publications: New Delhi.

1996. A problem in household composition, Mathematical Population Studies 6(1): 3-18.

1994. Sameness of age cohorts in the mathematics of population growth, The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45(2): 679-691.

1985. The household composition matrix as a notion in multiregional forecasting of population and households, Environment and Planning A 17: 355-371.

1982. An index of household composition for the assessment and forecasting of housing needs, Journal of Mathematical Sociology 8: 283-304.

1980. On the relationship between household composition and population age distribution, Population Studies 34: 525-534.

1977. The household composition matrix and its application to migration analysis and population projection, General Systems 22: 105-109.

Planning and development

2012, with Shinji Shimoura. Discrete choice in commuter space: Small area analysis of diurnal population change in the Tokyo Metropolitan Region, Computers, Environment and Urban Systems 35(5): 386-397.

2009, with Jan Kudrna and Tomas Apeltauer. Urban commuting and daytime population in small areas of a metropolis: A case study of Brno, Czech Republic, Promet - Traffic & Transportation 21(4): 247-258.

2007, with M.L. Lewry. Transportation and urban development in Saskatoon, in: Saskatchewan: Geographic Perspectives (B.D. Thraves, M.L. Lewry, J.E. Dale and H. Schlichtmann, eds.), 329-334. Canadian Plains Research Center: Regina.

2006. Housin
g as a heuristic condition in the simultaneous projection of population and households, Environment and Planning A 38 (4): 765-790

2004. Age-specific household size as a demographic aspect of regional disparity: Czech Republic, 1991, Canadian Studies in Population 31(2): 237-260.

2004, with Yewon Hwang-Kurylyk. The origin-destination matrix as an indicator of intrahousehold travel allocation, Transportation Planning and Technology 27(4): 285-314.

2000. The diurnal cycle of regional commuter systems: North Wales, 1991, Geographical Analysis 32(3): 248-266.

1998, with Jiao Sheng He. Geographical patterns of fertility decline in Guangdong: China's population policy through the censuses of 1982 and 1990, The Canadian Geographer 42(2): 174-179.

1995. Diurnal population cycle and metropolitan commuter exchange: A formal investigation of an urban pattern, Canadian Journal of Urban Research 4(2): 249-270.

1995. The urban household pattern of daytime population change, The Annals of Regional Science 29(1): 1-16.

1993. Temporal referencing in a small-area information system: Monitoring land annexation in Edmonton, Canada, 1982-1989, Geography Research Forum 13: 116-128.

1992. The relational structure of human services planning: An input-output analysis, Socio-Economic Planning Sciences26(1): 15-26.

1992. Fuzzy targeting of population niches in urban planning and the fractal dimension of demographic change, Urban Studies 29(7): 1093-1114.

Department Geography and Planning