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For more on Herodotus, see the course notes on Herodotus on this WWW site.
Highlighted sections are of particular importance.
Sections 1-5: *Introduction
Sections 6-94: Croesus of Lydia (c. 560-546 B.C.)
Sections 95-end: Cyrus and the Persians (559-529 B.C.)
Section 48: Following an unsuccessful revolt against the Persians by the Greek city-states of Asia Minor, Darius (king of Persia, 521-486 B.C.) decides to seek vengeance on those mainland states that had abetted the revolt, particularly Athens: he demands earth and water from each as a token of submission.
Sections 49-93: Aegina accedes; conflict between Athens and Aegina; Sparta called upon to settle the dispute
Sections 94-101: Forces of Darius under Datis and Artaphernes cross the Aegean, wreaking havoc as they go; conquer Eretria on west coast of Euboea
Sections 102-117: *Battle of Marathon
Sections 118-end: Aftermath
Sections 1-4: Darius furious at his defeat at Marathon; vows vengeance on the Greeks and on Egypt, which is in a state of revolt; dies before his plans can be carried out; ascension of Xerxes (486-465 B.C.), who is urged to war against the Greeks by various unscrupulous individuals who seek to further their own ends
Sections 8-19: *Council of war; Xerxes vacillates but is compelled by a vision to attack Greece
Sections 20-104: Xerxes' preparations for war
Sections 105-137: Advance of Persians through Thrace and northern Greece, with ethnographies of the regions traversed; more Greek cities submit
Sections 138-144: *Crucial role of Athens and her fleet; origin of Athenian naval power — Themistocles
Sections 145-174: Greek counter-measures and alliances
Sections 175-177: The Greeks decide to make a stand at Thermopylae by land and at Artemisium point by sea
Sections 178-195: Maneuvers at sea
Sections 196-234: *Battle of Thermopylae
Sections 235-end: Xerxes' council of war; Demaratus
Sections 1-48: Further advance of Persian forces by land and sea
Sections 49-99: *Battle of Salamis
Sections 100-107: Xerxes decides to return to Persia with fleet and part of land forces; Mardonius left to pursue battle on land
Sections 108-110: Further machinations of Themistocles
Sections 111-135: Greek fleet follows up victory in western Aegean; Xerxes' retreat; Persian maneuvers in the Chalcidice, etc.
Sections 136-end: Mardonius attempts to entice Athens over to the Persian cause
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