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Word-List for Petronius's Cena Trimalchionis
compiled by John Porter, University of Saskatchewan


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This is an unformated version of the Cena Word-List page, offered as an option for those who might wish to print a hard copy.


aberro - wander, stray; go wide of the mark (54, 67)

abicio - hurl, throw down; give up abandon (at 74: a. animam - die) (34)

abstinax - abstemious (42)

abundo - overflow, be plentifully supplied (29)

accedo - draw near (28)

accerso (arcesso) - invite, provoke (37)

accipio - receive, deal with, handle, regard (42)

accurate - carefully, meticulously (34)

acetabulum - vinegar cruet (56)

acetum - vinegar (47)

acia - thread, yarn (at 76: ab acia et acu - in great detail)

acidus - sharp, sour, shrill (31, 56, 68)

acroama - recitation, musical performance; performer of such entertainment (53, 78)

actuarius - clerk of records (53)

acus - needle, pin (at 76: ab acia et acu - in great detail)

acutus - sharp, shrill (41)

adcognosco (accognosco) - recognize (69)

adhibeo - apply, bring to bear (at 45: sc. verbera)

adhuc - hitherto, up to this point, still; besides, also (43)

aditus - entrance (28, 73)

adiuto - (= adiuvo) (62)

admoneo - admonish, remind (of a fact) (47)

adrado - shave close (32)

aduro - scorch (44)

aedicula - small shrine (29)

aedilis - official in charge of streets, traffic, and overseeing the market (53)

affabilitas - friendliness, courtesy (61)

aeneolus - made of bronze (73)

aenigma - obscure expression, riddle (41)

aeque - to an equal degree (59)

aerarius - of copper or bronze (m. - coppersmith) (as a. - "a brass farthing") (50, 57)

aerumna - labor, toil (48)

aerumnosus - full of trouble, miserable (39)

aestus - heat, commotion, tumult (34)

agaga - procurer? catamite? (69)

agellum - diminutive of ager (48)

agino - scheme (61)

ago - (at 59: play the part of, perform)

ala - wing (33, 77)

alabaster - perfume bottle of alabaster (m. in sing.; n. in pl.) (60)

algeo - be cold (72)

alia - by another route, by a different way (sc. via) (72)

alicula - light cloak or coat (40)

alioquin - in other respects, in general, in other conditions, otherwise, moreover (47)

aliquando - at some time or other, at long last (68)

aliubi - alibi (45)

alligo - bind, bind round (40)

alogos - (Gk.) irrational, absurd (proposed in 58)

altilis - fattened fowl, table bird (f., with n. pl. altilia) (36, 65)

alveus - hollow basket, tray (66)

amasiunculus / -a - devoted lover (amasio - to love) (45, 75)

ambitosus - ingratiating, ostentatious (65)

ambubaia - a Syrian singing-girl / courtesan (74)

amicio - cover, clothe (refl. - dress) (26, 55)

amphora - jug (53, 70, 71)

amplius - a greater number of times (than), oftener (67); longer (69)

ampulla - flask, bottle (diminutive of amphora) (48, 78)

anathymiasis - exhalation, vapors (47)

anatinus - of or relating to a duck (f. - duck's flesh [as a meal]) (56)

angulus - corner (of room, etc.) (29, 36)

angustiae - narrow place; poverty, distress (61)

annona - annual produce, allotment of subsidized grain (44)

anser - goose (35, 69)

anserinus - of or relating to a goose (65)

anulus - ring (58, 71, 73, 74)

aper - wild boar (38, 40, 66)

apertus - open, uncovered, clear, manifest (41)

apis - bee (f.) (38, 56)

apoculo - remove oneself, leave, go away, "bugger off" (refl.) (62, 67)

apophoreta - small gifts given by host to guests as party favors (56, 60)

apophoretus - designed for guests to take away as a party favor (40)

apparatus - provision, splendor, magnificence (60)

appello - speak to, accost (42)

appeto - make for desire, seek, aim at, seek to imitate (46)

applico - (refl.: betake oneself to, approach; join [+ dat.]) (67)

approbo - prove (with pred. adj.: prove to be x) (67, 74)

arbitratus - judgment, inclination, decision (at 66: arbitratu = to your heart's content, ad lib.)

arca - money chest, coffer (53)

arcisellium - chair with a rounded back (75)

arcus - arch (44)

ardeo - be alight, burn (78)

area - threshing floor (53)

argumentum - evidence, argument, subject, theme (59)

arguto - prate (46, 57)

aries - ram (35, 38)

arietillus - ram-like (39)

arietinus - of a ram, ram's (35)

armarium - cabinet, cupboard (29)

armilla - arm-band, bracelet (32, 67)

articulus - joint (34)

artificium - skill, art, craft, wile, trick (69)

ascia - ax (74)

asellus - ass, donkey (31)

asinus - ass (45)

assentor - agree (72)

assigno - allot, allocate (34)

assus - roasted, baked, without moisture, dry (44)

Atellana - a type of popular Italian farce similar to the modern commedia dell' arte (sc. fabula) (53)

athlum - labor, task, athletic contest (57)

atriensis - steward, major-domo (29, 72)

au - cry employed by women to express consternation, surprise, etc.: gracious! (67)

auceps - fowler (40)

aureolus - golden, lovely (67)

aureus - gold piece, "sovereign" (sc. nummus) (76)

auricula - ear (67)

automatum (automaton) - trick, contrivance (50, 54)

autopyrus - coarse bread made with unbolted flour (i.e., whole wheat!) (66)

avoco - divert (72)

babae - exclamation of surprise or amazement (37)

babaecalus - slang term for a rich or dissolute person (?) (37)

Babylonicum - oriental tapestry (55)

baca - berry, pearl (55)

bacalusiae - stupid guesses (?) (41)

bacciballum - ? (term of endearment) (61)

balatus - bleating (57)

baliscus - bath (?) (42)

balneator - keeper of bath (53)

balneum / balneus - room for bathing, bath (72)

barbaria - barbarousness (of speech) (68)

barbatoria - ceremony of the first shaving of the beard (73)

barcala - fool, simpleton (?) (67)

baro - blockhead, simpleton, lout (53, 63)

basilica - oblong hall with double colonnade (57)

beatitudo - blessedness, supreme happiness (38)

benemorius - compliant, winsome (61)

benignus - kind, generous (44)

besalis - comprising two-thirds (of an as), worthless (58)

bestiarius - one who fights wild beasts in the arena (could involve a real contest or simply a matter of feeding people to the animals) (45)

beta - beet (56, 66)

bifurcus - forked (bifurcum - crotch) (62)

bigae - pair of horses; two-horse chariot (39)

bilychnis - having two lights or wicks (30)

bimum - 2 years old (47)

bisaccium - pair of saddle-bags (31)

boletus - mushroom (38)

bonatus - good-natured (74)

botulus - sausage (49, 66)

bovis - (= bos) (62)

bubulcus - plowman (39)

bub(u)lus - belonging to or connected with cattle (f. - beef) (35, 44)

bucca - cheeks, jaw; mouth, mouthful (at 64: = goat?) (43, 44, 70)

bucinator - trumpeter (bucina - curved trumpet) (26)

bucinus - trumpeter (bucina - curved trumpet) (74)

bulla - bubble; boss, knob, stud; amulet worn by free-born boys (as ornament) (30, 42)

bullatus - wearing the bulla (60)

burdubasta - carthorses (45)

buxeus - made of boxwood (58, 74)

caccabus - cooking pot (55, 74)

caco - defecate (71)

caduceum - staff carried by heralds as gesture of peace; staff of Mercury (29)

caedo - cut, beat (52, 63)

c(a)epa - onion (58)

caespes - sod or turf cut from the ground (35)

calathiscus - small basket (41)

calcitrosus - kicking, apt to kick, self-willed (39)

calculus - pebble (used in making calculations on counting-board and in games) (33)

caldicerebrius - hot-headed (45, 58)

cal(e)facio - make warm (28, 41)

caleo - be hot (72)

cal(i)dus - warm, hot (f. - sc. aqua) (41, 65, 68)

caliga - boot (of working man or soldier) (69)

caligarius - wearing soldier's boots (caliga) (74)

calix - goblet (52, 73, 74)

calva - nut with a smooth shell: hazelnut? (calvus) (66)

calvus - bald (27)

calx - heel (46, 64)

camella - cup or bowl (64)

camera (camara) - arched or vaulted roof or ceiling (30, 40)

canalis - a pipe or conduit (with pun on a coined adj. meaning "of or relating to a dog"?) (56)

cancer - crab; various diseases (tumors, cankers, gangrene, etc.) (42)

candelabrum / candelabrus - stand for holding candles or lamps (64, 75)

caninus - of a dog, canine (43, 64)

canorus - ringing, loud (59, 68)

cantabundus - singing (adj.) (62)

canticum - passage from comedy chanted or sung; song (35, 73)

canto - sing, play a musical instrument (28)

canturio - to recite with a musical intonation (64)

capillatus - having long hair (esp. of foreigners and boys [particularly slaves]) (27)

capis - one-handled vessel used in sacrifices (52)

capistrum - halter (47)

capo - capon, young cockerel (59)

capsella - small box, casket (67)

carbunculum - "carbuncle" (55)

Carchedonius - Carthaginian (55)

card(u)elis - finch (46)

caricus - Carian (f. - a kind of fig) (64)

carnarium - frame with hooks for hanging meat to smoke or dry (cf. carnarius - butcher) (at 45: = spoliarium? [place where dead gladiators stripped and, if found still to be breathing, finished off)

carpo - pluck, graze, divide (36)

caryota - date (from Syria) (40)

caseus - cheese (66)

castigo - reprove, restrain (47)

casula - small cottage (44, 46)

casus - fall, event, misfortune (55)

cataphagas - glutton (39)

catastropha - coup de théâtre (54)

catella - female lap-dog (64, 71)

catenarius - on a chain (72)

catenatio - connection, joining (34)

catillum - small dish or plate (diminutive of catinus) (50)

caunius (cauneus) - of Caunus in Caria (fem. pl. of figs) (44)

causidicus - barrister, orator (46)

cavea - cage (28)

cedria - cedar-resin (38)

cella - small room, apartment, porter's lodge

cenaculum - garret, attic (38)

cenatio - dining-room (77)

cenatorius - relating to dinner (n. pl. - dinner clothes) (56)

centonarius - rag dealer (centones: blankets soaked in water used by fire brigades) (45)

cepa - see c(a)epa

cerasinus - cherry-colored (28, 67)

Cerdo - Gain (60)

cerebellum - brain; mind, sense, intelligence (76)

cerebrum - brain, seat of intelligence, anger; wrath (41, 75)

certus - dependable, reliable (63)

cervical - pillow (cervix) (32, 56)

cervix - neck (32)

ceterum - for the rest, moreover, in addition; apart from these exceptions, however that may be (adv.)

chiramaxium - hand-cart (28)

Chius - characteristic of the island of Chios (i.e., luxuriant, effeminate) (63)

choraules - player on reed pipe, flute-player (53, 69)

c(h)orda - intestine (as food), tripe (66)

chorus - group of performers who dance and sing (31)

cibaria - food ration, food supplied to animals (58)

cibus - food (35)

cicaro - ? (of small boy) (46, 71)

cicer - chickpea (35, 66)

ciconia - stork (55)

cingillum - woman's girdle (esp. that worn by bride) (67)

cingulum - belt, collar (28, 71)

circenses - games (originally held in Circus maximus) (70)

circitor - patrol, inspector (53)

circulator - itinerant performer or vendor who gathers impromptu groups around him (68)

circulus - small ring; sideshow (diminutive of circus) (27, 47, 53)

circummingo - to piss around or over (57, 62)

cirratus - curly-headed (58)

cisterna - underground water-tank or cistern (73)

classis - squad (74)

cl(a)udo - to shut, close, shut in (57, 63)

clavus - nail (75)

clibanus - earthenware vessel used to bake and serve bread (35)

clivus - slope, gradient, rising road (44, 47)

coccineus - scarlet-dyed (32, 38)

coccinus - scarlet-dyed (28)

coc(h)lea - snail (66, 70)

coc(h)lear(e) / coc(h)learium - spoon (originally used to extract snails from their shells) (33)

cocococo - cock-a-doodle-doo (59)

cocus (coquus) - cook (38)

coda (cauda) - tail (44)

codex (caudex) - lump of wood, blockhead (74)

coemo - buy, buy up (76)

coeo - unite to form an organic whole, coalesce (33)

colaphus - blow with the fist, punch (34)

colepium (colyphium) - an unidentified preparation of meat (knuckle of pork?) (70)

coleus (culleus) - leather bag, sack for holding liquids; scrotum (pl. - testicles, lecherous men) (39, 44)

collaris - of or relating to the neck (56)

collega - colleague, associate, fellow (29)

collido - beat, dash, clash (pfct. pass. part. - battered) (51)

colloco - invest (53)

colloquor - converse (59)

colludo - play with, act in collusion with (44)

colonia - settlement, colony (44)

colubra - female serpent (45)

columba - pigeon, dove (71)

comburo - destroy with fire, burn (78)

comedo - eat up, consume (40, 43, 44)

comissator - reveler (65)

comminuo - shatter, pulverize (64)

commissio - start, opening (of games, etc.); event (60)

commundo - clean thoroughly (47)

comoedus - comic actor (53)

comparo - purchase (76)

compedio - shackle (39)

compes - shackle, fetter (67)

compilo - rob (62)

complodo - strike, clap (34)

compono - pack up, store; settle in a place or position; calm down, compose oneself or one's appearance (67)

comula - dainty or pretty hair (58)

conchyliatus - dyed in purple (38, 54)

concido - chop up (59)

concino - sing in chorus (52)

concipio - be fertilized; begin to form fruit, embryo, etc. (at 33: conceptus = "addled")

concito - agitate, disturb, rouse (78)

concoquo - bear meekly, stomach (75)

concrepo - make a noise; cause to make a noise (concrepare digitos - snap one's fingers) (27, 59)

condimentum - seasoning (70)

conditura - process of preparation (51)

conecto - link or join together (at 32: conexus = "clasped")

confiteor - (at 41: reveal oneself as [+ acc.])

confodio - dig up; wound fatally, run through, stab (26)

confundo - mingle, jumble, upset; disconcert (74)

conicio - throw, hurl; add (t.t. from cooking); rush off (refl.) (37, 42, 49, 72)

coniungo - (with dat., cum + abl., inter se, or instr. abl.) (48)

conlibertus - fellow freedman (57)

conlido - dash together (at 51: dent)

conloco - invest (53)

consiliator - adviser, sharer in counsels of (76)

consisto - proceed no further, halt, settle, reside (46, 64)

consolatio - act of consoling, consoling fact or circumstance (42)

conspectus - range of vision (28, 73)

conspuo - spit or splutter over (74)

consterno - throw into confusion, shock, unsettle mentally (70, 74)

constitutum - arrangement, agreement to pay a sum of money on a fixed date (57)

consumo - destroy, kill, eat, devour (33)

consurgo - stand up, rise (60)

contentio - tension, exertion, competition, rivalry (71)

contingo - touch; fall to one's lot, happen (27, 71)

continuo - immediately (33, 47, 65)

controversia - "debate" (48)

contubernalis - messmate; husband or wife of a slave (57, 70, 71)

contubernium - sharing same tent, comradeship, intimacy (53)

contumelia - insult, affront (56)

contundo - bruise, crush (54)

conturbo - throw into disorder; go bankrupt, default (sc. rationes) (38)

contus - pole used for pushing boat; long spear or pike (56)

convenio - be consistent, agree, tally (35)

converto - turn toward; turn someone's attention toward a given activity, topic, etc. (35, 37, 41)

convictus - entertainment, feast (61)

conviva - table-companion, guest (54)

copo (caupo) - inn-keeper (39, 61)

coptoplacenta - hard-baked cake made of pounded materials (40)

cor - heart, mind (at 59: c. habere - have good sense) (42)

corbis - basket (33)

corcillum - heart (regarded as seat of intelligence), brains (75)

corda - see c(h)orda

cordax - a licentious dance associated with Greek comedy (52)

Corinthius - of Corinthian bronze (31)

corneolus - resembling horn, hard as horn (43)

cornicen - trumpeter (53, 78)

corolla - small garland (70)

corollarium - garland; reward, bonus (74)

corrotundo - make round; amass the round sum of (39, 76)

corvus - raven (58)

costa - rib (pl. - side, flank, back) (43)

craticula - grid-iron (31, 70)

critica - literary criticism (n. pl.) (58)

crocum - saffron (60, 68)

crotalia - ear pendants composed of several loosely hanging pearls (n. pl.) (67)

crotalistria - castanet player (55)

cruralis - belonging to the legs (40)

crystallinus - made of crystal (33, 64)

cubicularius - chamber servant (53)

cubiculum - bedroom (41)

cubitorius - suitable for reclining at dinner (30)

cubitum / cubitus - elbow (27, 65)

cubo - recline (esp. at table) (64)

cucurbita - gourd; cupping-glass, blockhead (39)

culcita - stuffed mattress or cushion (38)

culina - kitchen (47)

culo - drive, thrust, shove (cf. apoculo) (38)

cultus - adorned (32, 71)

cum - (54: cum maxime = "just when")

cuminum - herb (49)

cupa - barrel (60)

curia - meeting-place of the senate (44)

curiosus - painstaking (29, 46, 63)

cursor - footman who runs ahead of a carriage (28)

cursus - journey, voyage (76)

Cydonius - Cretan (malum C. - quince) (69)

debattuo - thump hard; "screw" (69)

decerno - announce judgment (70)

decido - fall down (27)

declamo - make speeches (usually as an oratorical exercise) (48)

decollo - behead (51)

decrepitus - worn out with age, enfeebled (45)

decuma - one tenth (sc. pars) (37)

decuria - group of public officials or others following the same occupations organized as a society or club, guild; squad of 10 men, class, division (47, 71)

decurro - run one's course or race (64)

dedecus - disgrace, dishonor (can be used of persons) (74)

defero - submit, deposit (58)

deficio - weaken, succumb, falter (76)

defraudo - cheat (nihil sibi d. - deny oneself nothing) (69)

delicatus - elegant, luxurious; finicky (also synonym for deliciae) (33, 45, 63)

delicia - pleasure (deliciae - favorite, pet) (28, 75)

demando - commit, entrust (61)

denarius - coin (silver denarius was worth 16 asses or 4 sestertii; the gold denarius was worth 25 silver denarii) (33)

deorsum - downward, down below (58)

depraesentiarum - here and now (adv.) (58, 74)

depravo - pervert (46)

deprimo - press or force down (69)

derectus (directus) - lacking ambiguity, direct, forthright (n. as subst.) (44)

desisto - leave off, cease (29)

desperatum - (n. as adv.) (68)

despolio - plunder, despoil (i.e., strip - esp. for flogging) (30, 49, 67)

destino - intend, assign to a particular recipient (43)

detergeo - wipe away, clean; wipe (47)

deuro de - "come hither" (Gk.) (58)

deverbium - spoken part of play unaccompanied by music (64)

devoro - swallow up, gulp down (76)

diarium - diary, journal; pl. - daily ration (75)

diduco - divide, split, open wide, disperse, lead (the mind) in various directions (as the result of bewilderment) (41, 60, 73)

diffundo - free from restraint, relax, cheer (71)

dignitosus - having a dignified status (57)

dimidius - halved, divided in half (65)

dipundiarius - (= dupunduarius) (74)

discumbo - lie down, recline (31, 67)

discurro - run about (37, 40, 59)

discutio - shatter, scatter, break up (47)

disparpallo - scatter (46)

dispensator - steward (29, 30, 45, 53)

dissilio - leap apart, break up, burst (61)

distorqueo - twist, distort, torture (55)

domesticus - i.e., intimate (45)

dominicus - of or belonging to a dominus/-a (28)

domo - subdue, tame, defeat (pfct. pass. partic. - domitus or domatus) (74)

domusio - private or household use (46, 48)

dorsum - back (64)

ducenarius - weighing 200 pounds (59)

dudum - a short time ago, just now, formerly (at 39: with iam = some while ago now)

dupundius (dupondius) - the sum of two asses (58)

dupunduarius (dupondiarius, duponduarius) - worth two asses (58, 74)

duro - steel oneself (41)

eboreus - made of ivory (32)

ebullio - spout out, chatter (e. animam - give up ghost, expire) (42, 62)

echinus - sea urchin (69)

edictum - proclamation by a magistrate or other authority (53)

effero - carry out for burial (42, 78)

efflo - blow out (49)

electus - choice, picked, of fine quality (36)

elego - will away (one's property) (43)

elixus - boiled (59)

elogium - codicil (53)

embolum - beak of a ship, ram (30)

enato - swim away, escape (57)

epidipnis - extra course at the end of a meal, dessert (69)

epulum - public banquet (71)

erigo - lift up (52, 60)

eripio - snatch away, rescue (30)

ervilia - vetch (57)

essedaria - woman who fights from a war-chariot in style of British gladiator (45)

essedarius - gladiator who fights from a war-chariot in style of British gladiator (36)

esuritio - hunger, famine (44)

etiamnum - even now, still (27)

euripus - canal (36)

evado - turn out, come to (58)

evolo - fly out (40)

excandesco - grow hot (53)

excatarisso - clean out, strip (of money, etc.) (67)

excelsus - lofty (29)

exceptio - exception, qualification (64)

excido - pass from memory (sc. memoriae) (54, 56)

excipio - gather, collect; gather information; receive in a particular manner (e.g., with applause), greet (31, 37, 40, 52, 72)

excludo - bring out from its container, uncover, hatch (32)

exemplar - copy (70)

exheredo - disinherit (53)

exhibeo - present, display, imitate (52)

exintero - gut (49)

exitus - death (58)

exopinisso - think, believe (62)

exordior - lay the warp (in weaving), begin (61)

expavesco - become greatly terrified (51)

expedio - untangle, solve, clear up, settle (62)

expello - drive out, eject (27)

expendo - weigh out, pay out, expend (39)

explico - unroll, spread out, reveal, make clear, unfold (59)

exprimo - reproduce, copy, portray (34)

expudoratus - shameless (39)

exsibilo - utter with a hiss (64)

exsono - resound (16, 19, 73)

ex(s)pectatio - expectation (26)

ex(s)pecto - wait for, expect (47, 55)

ex(s)puo - spit (44)

extendo - stretch tight, strain (refl. - exert oneself) (46)

extorqueo - twist out, dislocate; cripple, deform (35, 48)

extraneus - not belonging to one's family, stranger, foreign (55)

exuo - strip (62)

faba - bean (67, 76)

faber - carpenter, blacksmith, engineer (50)

factio - troupe (59)

faenero - lend money at interest, invest (76)

famosus - notorious (70)

farina - flour used in making pastry (33)

fascia - band, ribbon, fillet, zone (worn around woman's breasts; as leggings; as head-dress) (40, 46, 64)

fastidio - loath, feel distaste for (at 48: isolated instance of the pfct. pass. part. in active sense)

fatuus - foolish, silly (46)

favus - honey-comb (35, 76)

febris - fever (56)

Felicio - Luck (60, 67)

ferculum / ferculus - tray for food; dish or course in a meal (35, 39)

feriatus - holiday (46)

fermentum - yeast (76)

ferreus - made of iron or steel (32)

ferrum - (at 58: the iron ring of one who is not a senator or eques)

ferrumino - glue, solder (31, 32)

festus - (+ dies = holiday) (45)

fetus - off-spring (57)

ficedula - beccafico, fig-pecker (small bird) (33)

fictilis - made of clay (57, 69)

ficus - fig (35)

fides - credit, good name (57)

filix - fern, pubic hair (or contemptuous diminutive of filia?) (45)

filum - thread; character (46)

fimbriae - fringe on the border of a cloth or garment (32)

flatura - casting of metals, the material produced thereby; quality, caliber (of a person) (45)

fluctus - flowing, streaming, commotion (47)

f(o)eteo - stink (70)

folium - leaf (37, 58)

follis - bag, sack (27)

forensis - of or relating to the market or forum (n. pl. - clothes suitable for forum) (56)

frango - break, prevail on, soften (refl. - relent) (75)

frequentia - crowd, throng; crowding (34)

frigidarius - of or for cold water (73)

frigidus - cold (at 28: sc. aqua)

frigus - coldness (of weather), frost (41, 42)

frugi - honest, deserving (indecl.) (73, 75)

fruniscor - enjoy, have pleasure of (+ acc. or abl.) (43, 75)

frustum - morsel, slice (35, 59, 66)

fulcipedia - (? - term of abuse applied to person standing on her dignity) (75)

fullo - fuller (42)

fundus - country estate, farm (37, 71, 76, 77)

funus - funeral, funeral rites (42, 72)

furnus - oven (72)

fustis - stick (70)

galbinus - greenish-yellow (n. pl. - clothes of this color) (67)

galeatus - wearing a helmet (59)

gallicinium - cock-crow, dawn (62)

gallina - hen (at 55: g. Numidica = peafowl)

gallinaceus - belonging to domestic fowl (gallus g. - dung-hill cock) (38, 45, 48, 74)

gallus - cock (at 55: g. spado = capon)

garrio - chatter (55)

garum - fish sauce (used in a variety of recipes and preparations) (36)

gastra - large-bellied jar, belly of a jar (70)

gaudimonium - (= gaudium) (61)

gausapa (gausape) - cloak of woolen frieze (28)

gausapatus - wearing the gausapa (38)

genesis - natal star that rises at one's birth (Gk.) (39)

genius - guardian spirit of a man or place (37, 62, 74, 75)

genu - knee (67)

geometria - geometry (58)

gesticulor - mime, perform with mimic gestures (36, 59)

gingilipho - ? (unknown) (73)

gizeria - giblets (66)

glans - acorn (40)

glebula - little clod or lump, small estate (57)

glis - dormouse (31)

gracilipes - slender-footed (55)

Graeculio - "Greekling" (76)

granum - seed, grain (31)

gratis - for nothing, gratis (57)

gressus - step (pl. - feet) (30)

grex - flock, herd, troop, company (29)

gurges - whirlpool (72)

gustatio - preliminary dish, appetizers (31)

gustatorium - tray on which gustatio served (34)

gusto - taste; partake of the gustatio; have some knowledge or experience of (33, 37, 46)

gustus - small portion, taste (gen. s. - gusti) (76, 77)

gypso - seal with gypsum (34, 71)

(h)arena - sand (34)

harundo - reed, shepherd's pipe (40, 69)

hasta - spear (59)

haurio - draw (water, etc.), gulp down (74)

hedera - ivy (41)

hepatia - liver (n. pl.) (66)

hilaris / hilarus - cheerful, merry (52)

hircus - he-goat (57)

holus - vegetables (esp. cabbage, turnips, greens) (39)

Homerista - reciter of Homer, rhapsode (59)

homuncio - diminutive of homo: mere man, puny or worthless person (34, 56)

honestus - of good repute, respectable (41, 78)

horologium - sundial or water-clock (26, 71)

horreum - granary, barn (53)

hospita - f. of hospes (55)

hospitium - guest quarters (77)

hydraules (hydraula) - player on water-organ (abl. - hydraule) (36)

iacto - discuss freely, ventilate, brag about (67)

iactura - loss (30, 64, 76)

iatraliptes - masseur (28)

ieiunium - fasting, starvation (44)

immineo - bend or lean towards (40)

imperiosus - powerful, domineering, tyrannical (39)

impingo - bring into violent contact; fix, fasten on; force, thrust on (31, 46, 74)

imprecor - pray for (at 78: bene imprecari - bless)

impropero - blame (38)

inaequalis - inconsistent (52)

inauratus - gilded (73)

incensus - glowing (67)

inclinatio - leaning, bending (i.e., weight) (49)

incommodus - troublesome, unfavorable, disagreeable (30)

incubo (1) - lie on; sit (of birds sitting on eggs) (33)

Incubo (2) - spirit that watches over buried treasure (38)

incumbo - lean on or over, concentrate on (54, 74)

index - informer (74)

indomitus - wild (55)

inflo - puff out (inflare se - put on airs, be conceited) (74)

ingeniosus - intellectual, gifted (46, 68)

ingero - heap on, din into a person's ears, say repeatedly (36)

initium - beginning (inter initia - in the early days) (43)

inquinatus - stained, tinctured (46)

inscriptio - inscription, "memorial" (55, 71)

insequor - follow closely (31)

insolenter - immoderately, pompously (59)

insolentia - extravagance, arrogance, insolence, insolent action (50, 70)

inspeciosus - not good-looking, ill-favored (74)

insula - tenement house, block of flats (71)

insulsus - absurd, tasteless (53)

interdiu - during the day (64)

interdum - from time to time (41)

interpello - interrupt (39, 53, 69)

interpres - intermediary, interpreter (of oracles, omens, dreams, etc.) (41)

intersum - take part in, attend as a participant (77)

introversus (introvorsus, introrsus) - to within, inside (63)

invado - attack, go for, rush on (in order to embrace) (74)

invito - incite (41, 73)

involo - rush upon, swoop on (in order to steal), steal (43, 58, 63)

iocor - jest, say in jest (52)

ipsimus / -a - master/mistress of a household (63, 69, 75, 76)

iumentum - beast of burden (mules, horses, etc. vs. cattle) (76)

laboriosus - industrious, hard-working, busy (57)

labrum (1) - lip (46, 52, 69, 75)

labrum (2) - round basin (often found in the apse of the caldarium) (73)

lacernatus - dressed in a lacerna (open mantle or cloak) (69)

Laconicus - Spartan (40)

lacte (lac) - milk (38)

lacticulosus - unweaned, suckling (57)

lacunar - paneled ceiling; panels of such a ceiling (60)

lacus - cistern (70)

laecasin - (with dicere) tell to go to hell (Gk. "fuck") (42)

laina - mastic (38)

lamellula - small sum of money (57)

lam(i)na - thin sheet or strip of metal or some other substance; "cash" (32, 57, 58)

lana - wool (38, 78)

lanatus - covered in wool (pedes lanatos habere - be slow to aid?) (44)

lancea - light spear or lance (62)

lanio - butcher (39)

lanisticius - of or belonging to a lanista (manager of a troupe of gladiators) (45)

lanius - butcher (62)

lanx - platter (28, 31, 50, 59, 70)

lapidarius - of or concerned with stone-cutting (at 58: litterae l. - block capitals used in inscriptions) (at 65: m. - stone mason)

lapideus - of stone (62)

lar(i)dum - bacon (39, 70, 76)

larifuga - vagabond, tramp, runaway (57)

larva - ghost, demon, evil spirit (used as a term of reproach) (at 34: a model skeleton) (44, 62)

lasanum / lasanus - commode (41, 47)

lasso - make tired, weary, wear out (73)

lassus - exhausted (68)

laticlavius - bearing the broad purple stripe of the senatorial class; worthy of a senator, "lordly" (32, 76)

latratus - barking, baying (64)

latus - side, flank (40)

lautitiae - luxurious arrangements or appointments (27, 70, 73)

lautus / lotus (from lavo) - washed clean (but see Smith's note ad Sat. 30), fine, splendid, luxurious (26)

lectica - litter (28)

lectus - bed, dining couch (71)

lentus - flexible, pliant; slow, prolonged (36, 57)

lepus - hare (36, 56, 63)

levo - lift (29)

libens - willing, cheerful, glad (26)

libido - desire, longing, whim (53)

libitinarius - undertaker (38, 78)

libra - set of scales, pound (66)

ligneus - wooden (33)

limen - threshold or lintel of a door (28)

lineus - made of linen (55)

lingua - tongue; speech, utterance (73)

linguosus - having an idle or malicious tongue (43, 63)

linteus - made of flax or linen (n. - towel) (28)

lippus - having watery or inflamed eyes (28, 64)

liquesco - melt, melt away, be dissipated, rot away (42)

liquo - melt, dissolve, strain (70)

livoro - beat black and blue (54)

loco - lease, let (38)

locusta - locust (l. marina - kind of lobster) (35)

longe ... late - far and wide (58)

loripes - strap-footed (?); bandy-legged (45)

lorus - strap, reins, whip (57)

lotium - urine (57)

lotus = lautus (40)

lucerna - oil lamp (30, 45, 64, 69, 75)

Lucrio - Profit (60)

ludus - game, sport, entertainment, show, frivolity (ludos facere alicui - make a fool of someone) (36, 60, 73)

lupatria - term of abuse for a woman (cf. lupa - she-wolf, prostitute) (37)

lupinum - lupine (66)

luscinia - nightingale (68)

lutum - mud (51)

luxo - dislocate, displace (34)

ma - onomatopoetic: first utterance of a baby (57)

machina - platform (revolving?) on which slaves presented for sale (74)

madeia perimadeia - (unexplained) (52)

mala - cheek (74)

malicorium - rind of pomegranate (47)

maligne - grudgingly, meanly, insufficiently (42)

malista - (Gk.) very, exceedingly (57)

malum - apple (at 31: m. Punicum - pomegranate) (at 69: m. Cydonium - quince) (56)

mancipium - ownership; slave, creature (68, 76)

manduco - chew, eat (46, 56)

Manius - proverbial for rustic (cf. Eng. "Rube") (45)

mantissa - [corrupt?] (65)

manuciolum - small bundle, tiny handful (63)

mapalia - hut, shanty (used as a term of abuse or disgust) (n. pl.) (58)

mappa - napkin (32, 60)

marceo - wither, droop (55)

margarita - pearl (55)

margaritum - pearl (used as term of endearment) (63)

margo - rim, border (31)

martiolum - little hammer (51)

massa - lump, mass (50)

matella - pot, chamber pot (27, 45 58)

mathematicus - astrologer (39, 76)

mattea - a dainty dish, dainty (65, 74)

matus - drunk, silly with drink (41)

maxilla - jaw-bone, jaw (usually pl.) (44)

meio - urinate (67)

medicus - physician, doctor (56)

mel - honey (31, 38)

melica - lyric poem, song (64)

meliusculus - somewhat better (38)

mentum - chin (29, 43)

merces - payment for services rendered (58)

merum - unmixed wine (74)

merus - pure (37, 53)

methodium - trick, artifice (36)

metior - measure (37, 75)

mica - crumb (42)

micarius - careful to pick up crumbs, thrifty (73)

mico - play the game of morra (i.e., guess total number of fingers held up by you and your opponent) (44)

miliarium - milestone (62)

mille(n)simus - one thousandth (67)

milva - female kite (term of abuse) (75)

milvinus - of a kite, resembling that of a kite (42)

milvus - kite (37, 45)

minerva - natural capacity, taste, intellect (43)

minister - attendant, waiter, servant (40, 74)

ministrator - attendant, waiter, servant (31)

minium - cinnabar (which yields a bright red pigment) (68)

minutalis - petty, insignificant (47)

minutus - small, petty, minor (of persons) (44)

mitis - soft, mild, gentle, indulgent (48)

mixcix - given to half measures (from misceo - of diluted wine?) (45)

modius - Roman dry measure of approx. two gallons ("bushel") (modium = gen. pl.) (37, 53)

mola - millstone, mill (39, 74)

momentum - minute quantity (at 40: sc. temporis) (28)

morbosus - prone to illness; mad about (46)

mordeo - bite, gnaw, annoy (44)

mordicus - with the teeth (adv.) (43)

mu - onomatopoetic: muttering sound (57)

mucro - point of a blade (70)

mufrius - blockhead (58)

mula - she-mule (38)

mulierosus - fond of women (39)

mulio - muleteer (68)

mullus - red mullet (35)

mulsum - drink made of honey and wine (34, 42)

mundus - elegant, refined, considerable in amount or degree ("nice") (41)

munus - function, task, duty; tribute, gift, favor; work, creation; public show (45, 50, 60, 70)

muraena - an eel: the moray or lamprey (56)

muria - brine for pickling (70)

mus - mouse (44, 56, 78)

musca - fly (42)

muscarium - fly-trap (made of peacock's feathers or the tail of an ox or horse) (56)

mustella - weasel (46)

muto - exchange, substitute, change (68)

mutto (musso) - murmur, mutter a sound (61)

mutuor - borrow (58)

nannus - dwarf (45)

nardus - nard-oil (78)

natalis - of or belonging to birth (at 30: sc. dies - birthday)

nausea - sea-sickness, nausea, disgust, loathing (64, 78)

negotior - do business, trade, deal (76)

nenia - lament, dirge; trifle, hobby (46, 47)

nequam - useless, depraved (indecl.) (69)

nervia - sinews, tendons (n. pl.) (45)

nesapius - lacking in wisdom or sense (50)

nidus - nest (55)

nivatus - cooled with snow (31)

nocturnus - (at 57: burglar or fly-by-night) (at 63: f. of night hag, witch)

nomen - (in 53: debts)

nosco - (pfct. - be acquainted with, practice) (39)

novendialis - of nine days, happening on the ninth day (of a funeral banquet) (65)

novitas - newness, originality, surprise (35)

nugax - worthless, bungler (52)

numero - to count out, pay (58)

numerus - number; musical measure, time, rhythm (pl. - successive parts that go to form a whole, successive movements that form part of an exercise in wrestling and fencing) (gen. pl. - numerum) (40, 63, 68)

nummularius - money-changer (56)

numquid - (= num) (48)

nupta - wife (55)

nutrico - suckle, rear, cherish (77)

nux - nut (69)

obduco - lead; obstruct; swallow, drink down (42)

obiter - en route, at the same time, the while (31)

obiurgo - rebuke, punish (34)

obligo - place under a moral obligation (31)

obrussa - assaying or testing of gold (ex o. - fine gold) (67)

obsonator - caterer (39)

obsonium - anything eaten with bread; vegetables, fruit; esp. fish; victuals, provisions (36, 47)

Occupo - god of opportunism (occupo - seize, take by surprise) (58)

oclopeta - (?) (see Smith) (35)

ocrea - greave (61)

octingenti - eight hundred (38)

odaria - song accompaniment? (n. pl.) (53)

oecarius - little room (30)

oenococtus - cooked in wine (47, 74)

officiosus - officious (74)

off(u)la - morsel of food (esp. meat) (56, 58)

oleum - olive oil (64)

oliorum - created from olim for sake of comic jingle: olim oliorum - since long, long ago (43)

olla - pot, jar (38)

olo (oleo) - smell (50)

onager - wild ass (38)

onero - load, heap, weigh down (32)

operio - cover, shut, close (44, 62)

oppono - (at 57: pedem o. = "trip up")

oracularius - dealing in oracles (43)

Orcus - god of underworld; Death (34, 45)

osculor - kiss (74)

ossuculum (ossiculum) - dimin. of os (bone) (65)

ostiarius - porter, janitor (37, 64, 77)

ostium - door (63)

ostreum (ostrea) - oyster (70)

otio - at leisure (otium) (51)

ovilla - mutton (56)

ovum - egg (33)

oxycomina - pickled olives or pickled cumin (66)

palatum - palate (55)

palea - chaff (33)

pallium - Greek-style outer garment (= himation) (28, 32)

palmulus - fruit of palm tree (at 40: leaves of the palm tree)

palumbus (palumbes) - wood-pigeon (70)

panis - bread

pannus - piece of cloth, rag (44)

pantomimus - performer in pantomime (entertainment consisting of a dancer who acted in dumb show supported by a chorus and instrumental music) (31)

papaver - poppy (31)

paratus - ready to hand, prepared or equipped for action (31)

parentalia - Roman festival of the family dead (13-21 February) (78)

parento - make an offering of appeasement to the dead (69)

paries - wall (29, 39)

pariter - together, in concert (30)

paronychia - nail-clippings (31)

paropsis - small dish for serving vegetables, fruit, etc. (used esp. for appetizers and dessert) (34, 50)

parra - bird whose cry was considered ill-omened (43)

pars - portion (33)

parsi - alternative pfct. of parco (58)

partior (partio) - divide (59)

passer - sparrow (56)

passus - spread out; dried (from pando - to spread out) (44, 56, 69)

pataracina - (?) large wine cup (41)

pateo - extend in space, spread (33)

patera - shallow dish or saucer for pouring libations (60)

paulisper - for a short time (30)

paul(l)ulum - to a small extent, for a short while (27)

pavo - peacock (33, 55)

pavoninus - of a peacock (33)

pecten - scallop (70)

peculium - money or property managed by a slave or another person incapable of legal ownership (75)

pedalis - of or relating to the foot (56)

peduclus (pediculus) - louse (57)

pelagius - of the sea, marine (55)

pelvis - shallow bowl or basin (usually of metal) (70)

penes - in the possession of (+ acc.) (55)

pensum - quantity of wool to be spun or woven (29)

penthiacum - hash [Pentheus] (47)

perbasio - smother with kisses (41)

perbonus - excellent, of excellent character or worth (77)

percolopo - strike with the hand, cuff, clout, beat up (44)

percussor - assassin (39)

percutio - strike forcibly, hit (40, 68)

perfodio - dig through, stab (33)

perfundo - drench (28, 60)

pergula - shop attached to front of larger building, shanty (74)

periclitor - be in danger (30)

periscelis - anklet (67)

peristasis - "topic" (48)

perna - ham (56, 66, 70)

perperam - incorrectly, amiss (adv.) (75)

persequor - follow persistently, pursue, dog; go over, explore (29, 33, 58)

persicus - Persian (n. - peach) (56)

pertundo - perforate (33)

pervenio - extend in time, go on (till), attain (a specified age) (77)

perversus - reversed, askew (58)

pessum - to the lowest part (adv.) (dare pessum: to send to the bottom, ruin, destroy) (43)

petauristarius - spring-board or trapeze artist (petaurum - spring-board used by acrobats) (47, 53)

phaecasia (phaecasium) - Greek style of shoe (67)

phalerae - decorative metal disks or bosses on military breastplate or horse's gear (55)

phaleratus - wearing phalerae (28)

phantasia - an imagined situation, experience, etc.; fantasy (38)

phiala - bowl, saucer (51)

philologia - study of "polite" literature, "culture" (39)

phreneticus - delirious, mad (63)

pica - jay or magpie (28, 37)

pietaticultrix - devotion-filled (55)

pila - ball (for play or exercise) (27)

pilleatus - wearing a pilleus (40, 65)

pilleus - felt cap (worn esp. as mark of manumission and at the Saturnalia) (38)

pilo - deprive of hair or feathers, pluck (43, 44)

pilus - hair, something of minimal size or value (44, 63)

pingo - paint (46)

pinguis - fat, plump (33, 64)

pinna - feather (used in various capacities: at 33, as a toothpick)

piper - pepper (44, 74)

piperatus - flavored with pepper (33, 36)

piscator - fisherman (73)

piscina - fishpond, pool (72)

pistor - baker (38, 44, 60, 68)

pistorius - of or connected with a baker (opus pistorium - pastry) (38)

pistrinum - mill / bakery (73)

pisum - type of pea (28)

pittacium - ticket, tag, label (34, 56)

placenta - cake (35, 60)

plaga - blow, stroke; gash (40)

plango - beat, strike, lament (42, 63)

plodo (plaudo) - applaud (45)

plovo (pluo) - rain (44)

plumatus - covered with feathers (55)

plumbum - lead (43)

plusscius - knowing more than others (plus + scio) (63)

podagricus - suffering gout, gouty (64)

pollex - thumb, big toe (48, 73)

polymita - wrought with threads of many colors, damasked (40)

pompa - ostentation, splendid array (of food) (60)

pomum - any kind of fruit or fruit-tree; mulberry (57, 60)

ponderosus - heavy (52)

pondo - in weight, by weight (67)

pono - place; set (food or drink) before someone, serve (47)

ponticulus - little bridge (31)

porcellus - little pig (40)

porcus - pig

poricino - (?) ring? (48)

porrigo - hold out, offer (34)

porro - on top of that, besides (introducing a fresh item in a list) (44)

porrus - leek (56)

portentum - portent, prodigy, extravagant or monstrous practice (47)

potio - drink, draught (41, 65)

prae - because of (prep. + acc. [usually abl.]) (39)

praeceps - steep, precipitous, dangerous (55)

praeceptum - piece of teaching, instruction, order, rule (30)

praecido - cut, sever (45)

praeco - crier, auctioneer (46)

praecordia - abdomen, stomach, heart (n. pl.) (56)

praedico - proclaim, declare; designate as, call (74)

praedium - farm, landed estate (53)

praefiscini - (used to avert bad luck or the evil consequences of praise: "so help me") (adv.) (73)

praesto (1) - make available, serve (34)

praesto (2) - ready, waiting, on the spot (adv.) (29)

praetereo - pass over, omit (49)

praetexta - toga with purple border worn by curule magistrates and free-born children (78)

prandeo - eat late-morning/mid-day meal, take lunch (57)

prasinus - leek green (27, 64, 70)

prasinatus - wearing a green garment (28)

prasinianus - supporter of the Green faction in the chariot races (70)

primigenius - "first born" (46)

primitiae - first fruits (a primitiis - from the beginning, thoroughly) (59)

primitus - at first (adv.) (62)

procumbo - prostrate oneself (30)

procurator - manager, superintendent (30)

proicio - drop (51, 52)

promulsidar(e) - tray or dish on which appetizers were served (31)

propin - drink before meal, toast (Gk.) (28)

propitius - favorable, gracious (57, 58)

proprius - suitable (35)

proscribo - announce publicly, advertise (38)

prosequor - accompany, attend (48)

prospectus - prospect, view (66)

provideo - foresee, take steps in advance to deal with (37)

proxime - recently (38)

prunum - plum (at 31: Syriacum p. - Damson plum)

publico - make public or common (39)

pugnus - fist, fistful (66)

pullarius - of or relating to (young) chickens; a pederast (43)

pullo - sprout (46)

pullus - young animal, chicken (33, 46)

pultarius - cooking pot, tumbler (42)

pulvinaris - of or belonging to a cushion (37)

pulvinus - cushion, pillow (59)

pungo - prick, stab (56)

purgamentum - rubbish, filth (34, 74)

purgo - clean (at 28: remove outer husk or shell)

pusillus - tiny (29, 34)

putamen - shell (33)

puteus - well (42)

pyxis - small box or casket used to contain medicine, make-up, etc. (Gk.) (29)

quadragesimus - fortieth (47)

quadraginta - forty (57)

quadrans - a coin worth one-quarter of an as (43)

quadriga - chariot with team of four horses (64)

quadringenti - four hundred (n. pl. - 400,000 sesterces) (45)

quadro - make square, square up; agree with, fit, suit (39)

quater - on four occasions, four times (67)

quattuordecim - fourteen (75)

quingenti - five hundred (53)

quinquaginta - fifty (65)

quisquilia (quisquiliae) - waste material, sweepings, refuse (75)

quomodo - in what a manner! to what a degree! how! (44)

quotus - having what position in a numerical series?

rana - frog (56, 74, 77)

rapa (rapum) - turnip (66)

raptim - hastily, in a rush (78)

ratio - account (53)

ratiocinor - keep accounts, calculate (29)

recorrigo - put right (43)

recta - directly, straight (with idea of motion) (58)

recutitus - circumcised (68)

reddo - give back, return, pay; render, reproduce (29, 44, 58)

redimio - circle with a garland (41)

redimo - buy back, buy up (with intention of acquiring control), ransom, rescue (72, 76)

regio - district (78)

religiosus - full of religious scruples, reverent (44)

relego - banish (53, 69)

reliquiae - left-overs (67)

remitto - send back; waive, remit (30)

reporrigo - hand back (51)

repositorium - portable stand for serving courses at meals (33, 39, 60)

reprimo - restrain, subdue, hold back (at 64: reflexive?)

repudio - reject, divorce (53)

resaluto - return the greeting of (44)

reseco - trim (45)

resilio - spring back, shrink from (46)

restis - rope (45)

restringo - fasten (the hands or arms) behind one (73)

resupino - lay or knock flat on one's back (29)

rete - net used in hunting (40)

reticulum - hair-net (67)

retroversus - backwards (adv.) (44)

reus - (at 53: reus fieri - to be accused)

revera - (re vera) in fact, in reality (45)

ricinus - tick (57)

rictus - open mouth (see ringor) (55)

r(i)enes - kidneys (35)

ringor - show teeth (75)

rixa - quarrel (45, 64, 70)

rixor - quarrel (28)

rogus - pyre (50)

rostrum - snout, muzzle, beak of ship, speakers' platform (75)

rubricatus - painted red with ochre (of law-books: with chapter-headings in red) (46)

rursus - backwards; in addition, besides (41)

russeus - brownish-red (27)

ruta - rue (37, 58)

sacculus - small bag (71)

saccus - large bag or sack used for straining liquids (73)

sagino - fatten, stuff (64)

sagittarius - archer (35)

salax - lascivious, horny (43)

saliva - saliva, spittle; appetite, taste (48)

saltatio - dancing (53)

saltuarius - forester, gamekeeper (53)

salvus - intact, not invalidated, not subject to prejudice (63)

sangunculus (sanguiculus) - blood-pudding or sauce (66)

sapa - must, new wine that has been boiled down (66)

saplutus - exceedingly rich (Gk.) (37)

satago - bustle about, be hard pressed (58)

saucius - wounded, tipsy (67)

scaena - background against which play, etc. performed; scene, charade, spectacle (33)

scalae - flight of stairs, ladder (53)

scapulae - shoulder blades (64)

schema - expression that employs rhetorical finesse (44)

scholasticus - student or teacher of rhetoric (39, 61)

sciscitor - try to get to know, inquire (37)

scissor - one who carves meat (36)

scobis - sawdust (68)

scopae - broom (34)

scordaliae - displays of hot temper (59)

scriblita - a kind of tart (35, 66)

scrofa - breeding-sow (40)

scruta - odds and ends (n. pl.) (62)

scrutor - probe, examine (33)

scutum - shield (59)

scyphus - goblet (52, 54, 56)

secessus - withdrawal into seclusion or privacy; quiet corner, retreat (41)

seco - cut, cut up, cut with a lash, whip (45)

secreto - separately, individually, privately (28)

securis - ax (30)

seduco - draw aside (74)

selibra - one-half pound (33, 67)

semen - seed (38)

semesus - half- or partly-eaten (64)

semis - one half of an as (68)

sempiterno - eternally, forever (45)

senape (sinapi) - white mustard (66)

seplasium - ointment made or sold in Capua (76)

serisapia - late wisdom (56)

servo - reserve, set aside (73)

servulus - dimin. of servus (46)

sessorium - sitting-room, parlor (77)

sestertiarius - worth but a sesterce (45)

sestertius - 1 sestertius = 4 asses

sevir - one of board of six (in provincial towns, charged with maintaining cult of Rome and Augustus) (30, 57)

seviratus - office of sevir (71)

sexennum - 6 years old (47)

siccitas - drought (44)

siccus - dry; of sober habits, abstemious (n. - dry land) (37, 72)

sico - cut (i.e., whip) (45)

siligineus - made of siligo (a soft variety of wheat) (69)

silvaticus - of or belonging to the woods, wild (40)

simila - flour produced from triticum (wheat) (44)

singuli - one apiece, individual (44)

sobrius - sober; staid, sensible, temperate (37)

solea - leather sandal or slipper; fish (sole) (56)

soleatus - wearing soleae (at 27: implies fancy slippers worn at dinner party; their use in public would be considered unseemly)

solium - throne; hot water tub (51, 73)

somnior (somnio) - dream, dream of (74)

sophos - well done! bravo! (Gk.) (40)

sorbilis - able to be drunk or sucked up; runny (and therefore edible) (33)

spado - eunuch (27, 34, 55)

spargo - scatter, sprinkle, strew (72, 74)

speciosus - handsome, appealing (41)

spectaculum - sight, spectacle (27)

specto - look at something, direct one's gaze (68)

specularis - of or relating to mirrors (lapis s. - mica, gypsum) (68)

spina - spine (69)

spissus - dense, thick, closely-packed (31)

sponsio - wager (70)

sponsiuncula - a little bet (58)

sportella - little basket (40)

staminatas - neat (i.e., not mixed with water), immense (sc. potiones) (41)

statera - kind of balance (35, 67)

statunculum - statuette (50)

stela - gravestone (62)

stelio - lizard; rogue (50)

stella - star (32)

stercus - dung, muck (43)

sterilicula - uterus of sow that has not yet farrowed (35)

sterno - spread with blankets or something soft (s. lectum - prepare a couch for use) (71)

sterteia - one who snores (f.) (75)

stigma - brand, stigma (45)

stip(e)s - trunk of tree, stick (term of abuse for someone stupid) (43)

stolata - wearing the stola (worn by well-to-do married women - a symbol of respectability) (44)

strabonus (strabo) - squinter (39, 68)

stragula - a pall (78)

stragulus - (vestis stragula - cloth used as bedding, blankets, rugs, etc.) (42)

stramenticius - made of straw (63)

stramentum - straw or other material used as bedding material (63)

stratum - cover, horse cloth, bed (see sterno) (45, 55)

striga - screech-owl, evil spirit that howls in the night (witch, vampire) (63)

strophae - flourishes, tricks, tours de force (60)

structor - maker, builder; slave employed to arrange dishes, carve meat, etc. (35)

stupor - state of being insensible, dullness, stupefaction (41)

subalapa - rather boastful person (alapor - boast) (38)

subauratus - coated with gold, gilt (32)

subduco - withdraw, steal, purloin (30)

subicio - substitute (59)

subinde - immediately, repeatedly (47)

subolfacio - smell out, perceive by the scent (45)

suborno - supply, equip, dress up (in costume, etc.) (26, 36, 40)

subsequor - follow close behind (72)

subsessor - waylayer, lier-in-wait (who sat by the hunting nets waiting for game to be driven into them) (40)

suburbanum - suburban estate (48)

succino - sing or play accompaniment, "chime in" (69)

sucosus - juicy; extremely rich, oozing wealth (38)

sudarium - piece of cloth carried like a handkerchief, but used to wipe face, as a napkin, etc. (67)

sudo - sweat (44)

sudor - sweat (28)

sufficio - supply, provide (as replenishment) (27)

sufflo - inflate, blow upon (45)

sumen - sow's udder (36)

summa - (at 55: highest place, supremacy in x [+ gen.])

sumo - take (of food, medicine, etc.), take one's fill (34)

supellecticarius (supellectilarius) - servant in charge of household furniture (34)

supervacuus - superfluous (38)

su(r)sum - upward, above (58, 77)

sus - pig, boar, sow (49)

sutor - cobbler (68)

symphonia - group of musicians or singers (esp. when performing); musical accompaniment (32)

symphoniacus - one who sings or plays in a band (28)

tabula - plank, writing tablet; notice-board; gaming board (30, 56, 76)

taeda - pine wood, resin (47)

taeter - foul, horrible, vile (35, 64, 70)

talus - ankle (70)

tango - (at 66: me tango - taste, eat)

tangomenas - deriv. uncertain (with facere: to drink one's fill) (34, 73)

taurulus - little bull (39)

tegula - roof-tile (63)

teneo - hold fast (in the mind), remember (48)

terebinthinus - of the terebinth tree (33)

terni - three at one time, three each (66)

tertiarius - gladiator who replaces one killed in previous fight (45)

tessera - small cube or block; die-cube (33)

testamentum - will (53)

textilis - woven (55)

textor - weaver (33)

thebaicus - native or belonging to Thebes in Egypt (at 40: sc. palma [date] - noted for being dry)

theca - cover (39)

thraecium - outfit of a Thraex (75)

Thraex - type of gladiator (characterized by light shield and curved sword) (45)

tibia - reed pipe (28)

tinea - beetle, grub, maggot (78)

tintinnabulum - bell (47)

tisicus - consumptive (64)

titulus - notice, label (34, 38, 55)

tomaculum - kind of sausage (31, 49)

tomentum - flock or similar material used for stuffing cushions, etc. (38)

tonstrinum - barber's trade (46, 64)

topanta - everything that matters, all in all (Gk.) (37)

toral - valance of a couch (40)

torqueo - whirl around, twist awry, wrench the limbs upon the rack (41)

tortor - torturer (49)

trabalis - of or used for wooden beams (75)

traduco - exhibit, display, make a spectacle of, disgrace (41, 45)

tragoedus - actor of tragedy (70)

transilio - leap through (53)

transversus - oblique, athwart (de/ex transverso - unexpectedly) (55)

trepido - tremble (74)

tribunal - dais or platform on which the magistrate's chair was placed (71)

tributarius - liable to tribute (m. - tributary king) (57)

tricae - trifles, nonsense (53)

triduum - space of 3 days (45)

trimum - 3 years old (47)

tripudio - to perform the tripudium (ritual dance in triple time performed by priests in honor of Mars) (36)

tristimonium (tristimonia) - sadness, despondency (63)

triticum - wheat (53)

trudo - thrust, push, press on, push forth (45)

trulla - scoop, ladle, strainer (75)

tuba - trumpet with straight tube (44)

tuber - swelling, tumor (t. terrae - truffle, toadstool) (58)

tubicen - one who plays the trumpet (tuba) (64)

tueor - keep safe, attend to (26)

tumultuor - make a commotion or confused uproar (78)

turdus - thrush (40, 65, 69)

turtur - turtle-dove (70)

tutela - protection, guardianship; protector, guardian (57)

uber - teat, pap (40)

ubique - anywhere, everywhere, in all circumstances (45, 58)

udus - wet, soaked, sodden, drunk (44, 58)

ultra - thereafter, any more, any longer (75)

ululo - howl (62)

umor - moisture, bodily fluid or discharge, sap (60)

unctus - covered in or anointed with oil (at 43: signifying rich foods)

undo - surge, flood (62)

unguentarius - maker of / dealer in perfumed ointments (39, 74)

unguis - nail of finger or toe (45, 57)

ung(u)o - smear with oil, anoint (75, 78)

universus - (pl. - all, without exception) (63)

urbanus - polished, refined, elegant

urceatim - by the pitcher, in jugfuls (urceus - jug) (44)

urceolus - small pitcher or jug (74)

urnalis - holding an urna (3-4 gallons) (52)

ursinus - of or relating to a bear (f. - bear's meat) (66)

usus - experience (usu venire - to occur in one's experience) (61)

uter - bladder; leather bag (for holding liquids, etc.) (34, 42)

utique - at any rate, without doubt, absolutely, certainly (not) (43, 45, 51)

utriculus - small skin or leather bottle (36)

uva - bunch of grapes (56)

vacillo - be unsteady, totter; be in financial distress (38)

vaco - be empty, be unoccupied, be at leisure (3rd sg. used impersonally: there is time/leisure) (46)

vafer - crafty, sly (50)

vah - exclamation of pain, vexation, contempt, admiration, or surprise (58)

valde - vigorously, intensely, extremely (when emphasizing a whole sentence: assuredly) (31)

valdus - (syncopated form of validus) (51)

valvae - folding doors (65)

varius - particolored, variegated (28, 45)

vas (vasum / vasus) - vase (57)

vavato - doll, puppet (63)

velum - sail (45)

venabulum - hunting spear (40)

venalicius - for sale, purchasable (n. - slave market, slaves) (29, 76)

venalis - for sale (46)

venatio - hunt (40)

venatorius - of or belonging to a hunter or the chase (40)

venenarius - poisoner (39)

veneratio - expression of reverent feeling or adoration, homage, veneration (60)

venerius (venereus) - sexual (61)

verbum - (at 78: verba dare - hoodwink, deceive, give the slip)

vermis - worm (57)

vernaculus - home-born, indigenous (used esp. of slaves) (38)

vernula - young home-born slave (66)

verro - sweep (34)

versipellis - skin-changer, werewolf (62)

vertebra - joint or articulation of the body; vertebra (34)

vervex - wether (as term of abuse: sheep, dolt) (57)

vesica - bladder (27)

vestiarius - dealer in clothes (41)

vestio - clothe, dress (27)

vetuo - (= veto)

vetulus - somewhat advanced in years, aging (28)

vexatio - jolting, shock, ill-treatment (60)

viator - messenger (= cursor?) (47)

vibro - move rapidly to and fro, fly swiftly (27, 47)

vicensimarius (vicesimarius) - collector of the five percent tax on the value of manumitted slaves (65)

vicesimus - twentieth part (f. - five percent tax on manumitted slaves [sc. pars]) (71)

vicus - district, quarter (61)

vigil - sentry, guard, member of fire brigade / neighborhood watch (78)

vigilo - stay awake, be vigilant, keep guard (77)

vilicatio - function of an overseer (vilicus) (69)

vinarium - vessel for serving wine (70, 78)

vindemia - vintage (43)

vindico - assert one's title to; claim as free (sc. in libertatem), manumit, liberate (41)

vinea - vines in a vineyard, vineyard (71)

vinearium - nursery for vines (71)

vitalis - of or belonging to life, concerning life or death (lectus vitalis - bier) (n. pl. - grave-clothes) (42, 77)

vitellus - yolk of an egg (33)

vitis - grape-vine (41)

vitreus - made of glass (34, 67)

vitulus - bull-calf (44, 47, 59)

volpis (vulpes) - fox (44, 58)

votum - (at 73: v. est - it is [my] wish)

vulgatus - common, ordinary, well-known, frequent (60)

vulva - sow's womb (70)

xerophagia - herbs eaten raw, crudités (Gk. - "dry tidbits") (56)

zelotypus - jealous (45, 69)

zmaragdum - emerald (55)


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