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Word-List for Petronius's Cena Trimalchionis
compiled by John Porter, University of Saskatchewan


Notice: This material is the copyrighted property of the author and should not be reproduced without the author's permission.


The following document presents a very rudimentary word-list to aid students in the reading of Petronius' Cena Trimalchionis (Satyricon 26.7-78). It is intended to be used in conjunction with M.S. Smith's Oxford commentary on the Cena.
Instructors and students should feel free to copy, print out, and distribute this list. It is asked, however, that appropriate credit (or, perhaps, blame) be included in any reproduction of this list.
Corrections, suggestions, etc. are welcome. John Porter hopes eventually to develop this into a more respectable glossary, with a fuller apparatus. Anyone interested in working on such a project is encouraged to contact him at john.porter@usask.ca.

A || B || C || D || E || F || G || H || I || K || L || M || N || O || P || Q || R || S || T || U || V || X || Y || Z
aberro
wander, stray; go wide of the mark (54, 67)

abicio
hurl, throw down; give up abandon (at 74: a. animam - die) (34)

abstinax
abstemious (42)

abundo
overflow, be plentifully supplied (29)

accedo
draw near (28)

accerso (arcesso)
invite, provoke (37)

accipio
receive, deal with, handle, regard (42)

accurate
carefully, meticulously (34)

acetabulum
vinegar cruet (56)

acetum
vinegar (47)

acia
thread, yarn (at 76: ab acia et acu - in great detail)

acidus
sharp, sour, shrill (31, 56, 68)

acroama
recitation, musical performance; performer of such entertainment (53, 78)

actuarius
clerk of records (53)

acus
needle, pin (at 76: ab acia et acu - in great detail)

acutus
sharp, shrill (41)

adcognosco (accognosco)
recognize (69)

adhibeo
apply, bring to bear (at 45: sc. verbera)

adhuc
hitherto, up to this point, still; besides, also (43)

aditus
entrance (28, 73)

adiuto
(= adiuvo) (62)

admoneo
admonish, remind (of a fact) (47)

adrado
shave close (32)

aduro
scorch (44)

aedicula
small shrine (29)

aedilis
official in charge of streets, traffic, and overseeing the market (53)

aeneolus
made of bronze (73)

aenigma
obscure expression, riddle (41)

aeque
to an equal degree (59)

aerarius
of copper or bronze (m. - coppersmith) (as a. - "a brass farthing") (50, 57)

aerumna
labor, toil (48)

aerumnosus
full of trouble, miserable (39)

aestus
heat, commotion, tumult (34)

affabilitas
friendliness, courtesy (61)

agaga
procurer? catamite? (69)

agellum
diminutive of ager (48)

agino
scheme (61)

ago
(at 59: play the part of, perform)

ala
wing (33, 77)

alabaster
perfume bottle of alabaster (m. in sing.; n. in pl.) (60)

algeo
be cold (72)

alia
by another route, by a different way (sc. via) (72)

alicula
light cloak or coat (40)

alioquin
in other respects, in general, in other conditions, otherwise, moreover (47)

aliquando
at some time or other, at long last (68)

aliubi
alibi (45)

alligo
bind, bind round (40)

alogos
(Gk. ἄλογος) irrational, absurd (proposed in 58)

altilis
fattened fowl, table bird (f., with n. pl. altilia) (36, 65)

alveus
hollow basket, tray (66)

amasiunculus / -a
devoted lover (amasio - to love) (45, 75)

ambitosus
ingratiating, ostentatious (65)

ambubaia
a Syrian singing-girl / courtesan (74)

amicio
cover, clothe (refl. - dress) (26, 55)

amphora
jug (53, 70, 71)

amplius
a greater number of times (than), oftener (67); longer (69)

ampulla
flask, bottle (diminutive of amphora) (48, 78)

anathymiasis
exhalation, vapors (47)

anatinus
of or relating to a duck (f. - duck's flesh [as a meal]) (56)

angulus
corner (of room, etc.) (29, 36)

angustiae
narrow place; poverty, distress (61)

annona
annual produce, allotment of subsidized grain (44)

anser
goose (35, 69)

anserinus
of or relating to a goose (65)

anulus
ring (58, 71, 73, 74)

aper
wild boar (38, 40, 66)

apertus
open, uncovered, clear, manifest (41)

apis
bee (f.) (38, 56)

apoculo
remove oneself, leave, go away, "bugger off" (refl.) (62, 67)

apophoreta
small gifts given by host to guests as party favors (56, 60)

apophoretus
designed for guests to take away as a party favor (40)

apparatus
provision, splendor, magnificence (60)

appello
speak to, accost (42)

appeto
make for desire, seek, aim at, seek to imitate (46)

applico
(refl.: betake oneself to, approach; join [+ dat.]) (67)

approbo
prove (with pred. adj.: prove to be x) (67, 74)

arbitratus
judgment, inclination, decision (at 66: arbitratu = to your heart's content, ad lib.)

arca
money chest, coffer (53)

arcisellium
chair with a rounded back (75)

arcus
arch (44)

ardeo
be alight, burn (78)

area
threshing floor (53)

argumentum
evidence, argument, subject, theme (59)

arguto
prate (46, 57)

aries
ram (35, 38)

arietillus
ram-like (39)

arietinus
of a ram, ram's (35)

armarium
cabinet, cupboard (29)

armilla
arm-band, bracelet (32, 67)

articulus
joint (34)

artificium
skill, art, craft, wile, trick (69)

ascia
ax (74)

asellus
ass, donkey (31)

asinus
ass (45)

assentor
agree (72)

assigno
allot, allocate (34)

assus
roasted, baked, without moisture, dry (44)

Atellana
a type of popular Italian farce similar to the modern commedia dell' arte (sc. fabula) (53)

athlum
labor, task, athletic contest (57)

atriensis
steward, major-domo (29, 72)

au
cry employed by women to express consternation, surprise, etc.: gracious! (67)

auceps
fowler (40)

aureolus
golden, lovely (67)

aureus
gold piece, "sovereign" (sc. nummus) (76)

auricula
ear (67)

automatum (automaton)
trick, contrivance (50, 54)

autopyrus
coarse bread made with unbolted flour (i.e., whole wheat!) (66)

avoco
divert (72)


A || B || C || D || E || F || G || H || I || K || L || M || N || O || P || Q || R || S || T || U || V || X || Y || Z
babae
exclamation of surprise or amazement (37)

babaecalus
slang term for a rich or dissolute person (?) (37)

Babylonicum
oriental tapestry (55)

baca
berry, pearl (55)

bacalusiae
stupid guesses (?) (41)

bacciballum
? (term of endearment) (61)

balatus
bleating (57)

baliscus
bath (?) (42)

balneator
keeper of bath (53)

balneum / balneus
room for bathing, bath (72)

barbaria
barbarousness (of speech) (68)

barbatoria
ceremony of the first shaving of the beard (73)

barcala
fool, simpleton (?) (67)

baro
blockhead, simpleton, lout (53, 63)

basilica
oblong hall with double colonnade (57)

beatitudo
blessedness, supreme happiness (38)

benemorius
compliant, winsome (61)

benignus
kind, generous (44)

besalis
comprising two-thirds (of an as), worthless (58)

bestiarius
one who fights wild beasts in the arena (could involve a real contest or simply a matter of feeding people to the animals) (45)

beta
beet (56, 66)

bifurcus
forked (bifurcum - crotch) (62)

bigae
pair of horses; two-horse chariot (39)

bilychnis
having two lights or wicks (30)

bimum
2 years old (47)

bisaccium
pair of saddle-bags (31)

boletus
mushroom (38)

bonatus
good-natured (74)

botulus
sausage (49, 66)

bovis
(= bos) (62)

bubulcus
plowman (39)

bub(u)lus
belonging to or connected with cattle (f. - beef) (35, 44)

bucca
cheeks, jaw; mouth, mouthful (at 64: = goat?) (43, 44, 70)

bucinator
trumpeter (bucina - curved trumpet) (26)

bucinus
trumpeter (bucina - curved trumpet) (74)

bulla
bubble; boss, knob, stud; amulet worn by free-born boys (as ornament) (30, 42)

bullatus
wearing the bulla (60)

burdubasta
(?) abusive term for a decrepit gladiator (45)

buxeus
made of boxwood (58, 74)


A || B || C || D || E || F || G || H || I || K || L || M || N || O || P || Q || R || S || T || U || V || X || Y || Z
caccabus
cooking pot (55, 74)

caco
defecate (71)

caduceum
staff carried by heralds as gesture of peace; staff of Mercury (29)

caedo
cut, beat (52, 63)

c(a)epa
onion (58)

caespes
sod or turf cut from the ground (35)

calathiscus
small basket (41)

calcitrosus
kicking, apt to kick, self-willed (39)

calculus
pebble (used in making calculations on counting-board and in games) (33)

caldicerebrius
hot-headed (45, 58)

cal(e)facio
make warm (28, 41)

caleo
be hot (72)

cal(i)dus
warm, hot (f. - sc. aqua) (41, 65, 68)

caliga
boot (of working man or soldier) (69)

caligarius
wearing soldier's boots (caliga) (74)

calix
goblet (52, 73, 74)

calva
nut with a smooth shell: hazelnut? (calvus) (66)

calvus
bald (27)

calx
heel (46, 64)

camella
cup or bowl (64)

camera (camara)
arched or vaulted roof or ceiling (30, 40)

canalis
a pipe or conduit (with pun on a coined adj. meaning "of or relating to a dog"?) (56)

cancer
crab; various diseases (tumors, cankers, gangrene, etc.) (42)

candelabrum / candelabrus
stand for holding candles or lamps (64, 75)

caninus
of a dog, canine (43, 64)

canorus
ringing, loud (59, 68)

cantabundus
singing (adj.) (62)

canticum
passage from comedy chanted or sung; song (35, 73)

canto
sing, play a musical instrument (28)

canturio
to recite with a musical intonation (64)

capillatus
having long hair (esp. of effeminate/degenerate men, foreigners, and boys [particularly slaves]) (27)

capis
one-handled vessel used in sacrifices (52)

capistrum
halter (47)

capo
capon, young cockerel (59)

capsella
small box, casket (67)

carbunculum
"carbuncle" (55)

Carchedonius
Carthaginian (55)

card(u)elis
finch (46)

caricus
Carian (f. - a kind of fig) (64)

carnarium
frame with hooks for hanging meat to smoke or dry (cf. carnarius
butcher) (at 45: = spoliarium? [place where dead gladiators stripped and, if found still to be breathing, finished off)

carpo
pluck, graze, divide (36)

caryota
date (from Syria) (40)

caseus
cheese (66)

castigo
reprove, restrain (47)

casula
small cottage (44, 46)

casus
fall, event, misfortune (55)

cataphagas
glutton (39)

catastropha
coup de théâtre (54)

catella
female lap-dog (64, 71)

catenarius
on a chain (72)

catenatio
connection, joining (34)

catillum
small dish or plate (diminutive of catinus) (50)

caunius (cauneus)
of Caunus in Caria (fem. pl. of figs) (44)

causidicus
barrister, orator (46)

cavea
cage (28)

cedria
cedar-resin (38)

cella
small room, apartment, porter's lodge

cenaculum
garret, attic (38)

cenatio
dining-room (77)

cenatorius
relating to dinner (n. pl. - dinner clothes) (56)

centonarius
rag dealer (centones: blankets soaked in water used by fire brigades) (45)

cepa
see c(a)epa

cerasinus
cherry-colored (28, 67)

Cerdo
Gain (60)

cerebellum
brain; mind, sense, intelligence (76)

cerebrum
brain, seat of intelligence, anger; wrath (41, 75)

certus
dependable, reliable (63)

cervical
pillow (cervix) (32, 56)

cervix
neck (32)

ceterum
for the rest, moreover, in addition; apart from these exceptions, however that may be (adv.)

chiramaxium
(Gk. χειραμάξιον) hand-cart (28)

Chius
characteristic of the island of Chios (i.e., luxuriant, effeminate) (63)

choraules
player on reed pipe, flute-player (53, 69)

c(h)orda
intestine (as food), tripe (66)

chorus
group of performers who dance and sing (31)

cibaria
food ration, food supplied to animals (58)

cibus
food (35)

cicaro
? (of small boy) (46, 71)

cicer
chickpea (35, 66)

ciconia
stork (55)

cingillum
woman's girdle (esp. that worn by bride) (67)

cingulum
belt, collar (28, 71)

circenses
games (originally held in Circus maximus) (70)

circitor
patrol, inspector (53)

circulator
itinerant performer or vendor who gathers impromptu groups around him (68)

circulus
small ring; sideshow (diminutive of circus) (27, 47, 53)

circummingo
to piss around or over (57, 62)

cirratus
curly-headed (58)

cisterna
underground water-tank or cistern (73)

classis
squad (74)

cl(a)udo
to shut, close, shut in (57, 63)

clavus
nail (75)

clibanus
earthenware vessel used to bake and serve bread (35)

clivus
slope, gradient, rising road (44, 47)

coccineus
scarlet-dyed (32, 38)

coccinus
scarlet-dyed (28)

coc(h)lea
snail (66, 70)

coc(h)lear(e) / coc(h)learium
spoon (originally used to extract snails from their shells) (33)

cocococo
cock-a-doodle-doo (59)

cocus (coquus)
cook (38)

coda (cauda)
tail (44)

codex (caudex)
lump of wood, blockhead (74)

coemo
buy, buy up (76)

coeo
unite to form an organic whole, coalesce (33)

colaphus
blow with the fist, punch (34)

colepium (colyphium)
an unidentified preparation of meat (knuckle of pork?) (70)

coleus (culleus)
leather bag, sack for holding liquids; scrotum (pl. - testicles, lecherous men) (39, 44)

collaris
of or relating to the neck (56)

collega
colleague, associate, fellow (29)

collido
beat, dash, clash (pfct. pass. part. - battered) (51)

colloco
invest (53)

colloquor
converse (59)

colludo
play with, act in collusion with (44)

colonia
settlement, colony (44)

colubra
female serpent (45)

columba
pigeon, dove (71)

comburo
destroy with fire, burn (78)

comedo
eat up, consume (40, 43, 44)

comissator
reveler (65)

comminuo
shatter, pulverize (64)

commissio
start, opening (of games, etc.); event (60)

commundo
clean thoroughly (47)

comoedus
comic actor (53)

comparo
purchase (76)

compedio
shackle (39)

compes
shackle, fetter (67)

compilo
rob (62)

complodo
strike, clap (34)

compono
pack up, store; settle in a place or position; calm down, compose oneself or one's appearance (67)

comula
dainty or pretty hair (58)

conchyliatus
dyed in purple (38, 54)

concido
chop up (59)

concino
sing in chorus (52)

concipio
be fertilized; begin to form fruit, embryo, etc. (at 33: conceptus = "addled")

concito
agitate, disturb, rouse (78)

concoquo
bear meekly, stomach (75)

concrepo
make a noise; cause to make a noise (concrepare digitos - snap one's fingers) (27, 59)

condimentum
seasoning (70)

conditura
process of preparation (51)

conecto
link or join together (at 32: conexus = "clasped")

confiteor
(at 41: reveal oneself as [+ acc.])

confodio
dig up; wound fatally, run through, stab (26)

confundo
mingle, jumble, upset; disconcert (74)

conicio
throw, hurl; add (t.t. from cooking); rush off (refl.) (37, 42, 49, 72)

coniungo
(with dat., cum + abl., inter se, or instr. abl.) (48)

conlibertus
fellow freedman (57)

conlido
dash together (at 51: dent)

conloco
invest (53)

consiliator
adviser, sharer in counsels of (76)

consisto
proceed no further, halt, settle, reside (46, 64)

consolatio
act of consoling, consoling fact or circumstance (42)

conspectus
range of vision (28, 73)

conspuo
spit or splutter over (74)

consterno
throw into confusion, shock, unsettle mentally (70, 74)

constitutum
arrangement, agreement to pay a sum of money on a fixed date (57)

consumo
destroy, kill, eat, devour (33)

consurgo
stand up, rise (60)

contentio
tension, exertion, competition, rivalry (71)

contingo
touch; fall to one's lot, happen (27, 71)

continuo
immediately (33, 47, 65)

controversia
"debate" (48)

contubernalis
messmate; husband or wife of a slave (57, 70, 71)

contubernium
sharing same tent, comradeship, intimacy (53)

contumelia
insult, affront (56)

contundo
bruise, crush (54)

conturbo
throw into disorder; go bankrupt, default (sc. rationes) (38)

contus
pole used for pushing boat; long spear or pike (56)

convenio
be consistent, agree, tally (35)

converto
turn toward; turn someone's attention toward a given activity, topic, etc. (35, 37, 41)

convictus
entertainment, feast (61)

conviva
table-companion, guest (54)

copo (caupo)
inn-keeper (39, 61)

coptoplacenta
hard-baked cake made of pounded materials (40)

cor
heart, mind (at 59: c. habere - have good sense) (42)

corbis
basket (33)

corcillum
heart (regarded as seat of intelligence), brains (75)

corda
see c(h)orda

cordax
a licentious dance associated with Greek comedy (52)

Corinthius
of Corinthian bronze (31)

corneolus
resembling horn, hard as horn (43)

cornicen
trumpeter (53, 78)

corolla
small garland (70)

corollarium
garland; reward, bonus (74)

corrotundo
make round; amass the round sum of (39, 76)

corvus
raven (58)

costa
rib (pl. - side, flank, back) (43)

craticula
grid-iron (31, 70)

critica
literary criticism (n. pl.) (58)

crocum
saffron (60, 68)

crotalia
ear pendants composed of several loosely hanging pearls (n. pl.) (67)

crotalistria
castanet player (55)

cruralis
belonging to the legs (40)

crystallinus
made of crystal (33, 64)

cubicularius
chamber servant (53)

cubiculum
bedroom (41)

cubitorius
suitable for reclining at dinner (30)

cubitum / cubitus
elbow (27, 65)

cubo
recline (esp. at table) (64)

cucurbita
gourd; cupping-glass, blockhead (39)

culcita
stuffed mattress or cushion (38)

culina
kitchen (47)

culo
drive, thrust, shove (cf. apoculo) (38)

cultus
adorned (32, 71)

cum
(54: cum maxime = "just when")

cuminum
herb (49)

cupa
barrel (60)

curia
meeting-place of the senate (44)

curiosus
painstaking (29, 46, 63)

cursor
footman who runs ahead of a carriage (28)

cursus
journey, voyage (76)

Cydonius
Cretan (malum C. - quince) (69)


A || B || C || D || E || F || G || H || I || K || L || M || N || O || P || Q || R || S || T || U || V || X || Y || Z
debattuo
thump hard; "screw" (69)

decerno
announce judgment (70)

decido
fall down (27)

declamo
make speeches (usually as an oratorical exercise) (48)

decollo
behead (51)

decrepitus
worn out with age, enfeebled (45)

decuma
one tenth (sc. pars) (37)

decuria
group of public officials or others following the same occupations organized as a society or club, guild; squad of 10 men, class, division (47, 71)

decurro
run one's course or race (64)

dedecus
disgrace, dishonor (can be used of persons) (74)

defero
submit, deposit (58)

deficio
weaken, succumb, falter (76)

deformis
unsightly, ugly, odious, disgusting (28)

defraudo
cheat (nihil sibi d. - deny oneself nothing) (69)

delicatus
elegant, luxurious; finicky (also synonym for deliciae) (33, 45, 63)

delicia
pleasure (deliciae - favorite, pet) (28, 75)

demando
commit, entrust (61)

denarius
coin (silver denarius was worth 16 asses or 4 sestertii; the gold denarius was worth 25 silver denarii) (33)

deorsum
downward, down below (58)

depraesentiarum
here and now (adv.) (58, 74)

depravo
pervert (46)

deprimo
press or force down (69)

derectus (directus)
lacking ambiguity, direct, forthright (n. as subst.) (44)

desisto
leave off, cease (29)

desperatum
(n. as adv.) (68)

despolio
plunder, despoil (i.e., strip - esp. for flogging) (30, 49, 67)

destino
intend, assign to a particular recipient (43)

detergeo
wipe away, clean; wipe (47)

deuro de
"come hither" (Gk. δεῦρο δή) (58)

deverbium
spoken part of play unaccompanied by music (64)

devoro
swallow up, gulp down (76)

diarium
diary, journal; pl. - daily ration (75)

diduco
divide, split, open wide, disperse, lead (the mind) in various directions (as the result of bewilderment) (41, 60, 73)

diffundo
free from restraint, relax, cheer (71)

dignitosus
having a dignified status (57)

dimidius
halved, divided in half (65)

dipundiarius
(= dupunduarius) (74)

discumbo
lie down, recline (31, 67)

discurro
run about (37, 40, 59)

discutio
shatter, scatter, break up (47)

disparpallo
scatter (46)

dispensator
steward (29, 30, 45, 53)

dissilio
leap apart, break up, burst (61)

distorqueo
twist, distort, torture (55)

domesticus
i.e., intimate (45)

dominicus
of or belonging to a dominus/-a (28)

domo
subdue, tame, defeat (pfct. pass. partic. - domitus or domatus) (74)

domusio
private or household use (46, 48)

dorsum
back (64)

ducenarius
weighing 200 pounds (59)

dudum
a short time ago, just now, formerly (at 39: with iam = some while ago now)

dupundius (dupondius)
the sum of two asses (58)

dupunduarius (dupondiarius, duponduarius)
worth two asses (58, 74)

duro
steel oneself (41)


A || B || C || D || E || F || G || H || I || K || L || M || N || O || P || Q || R || S || T || U || V || X || Y || Z
eboreus
made of ivory (32)

ebullio
spout out, chatter (e. animam - give up ghost, expire) (42, 62)

echinus
sea urchin (69)

edictum
proclamation by a magistrate or other authority (53)

effero
carry out for burial (42, 78)

efflo
blow out (49)

electus
choice, picked, of fine quality (36)

elego
will away (one's property) (43)

elixus
boiled (59)

elogium
codicil (53)

embolum
beak of a ship, ram (30)

enato
swim away, escape (57)

epidipnis
extra course at the end of a meal, dessert (69)

epulum
public banquet (71)

erigo
lift up (52, 60)

eripio
snatch away, rescue (30)

ervilia
vetch (57)

essedaria
woman who fights from a war-chariot in style of British gladiator (45)

essedarius
gladiator who fights from a war-chariot in style of British gladiator (36)

esuritio
hunger, famine (44)

etiamnum
even now, still (27)

euripus
canal (36)

evado
turn out, come to (58)

evolo
fly out (40)

excandesco
grow hot (53)

excatarisso
clean out, strip (of money, etc.) (67)

excelsus
lofty (29)

exceptio
exception, qualification (64)

excido
pass from memory (sc. memoriae) (54, 56)

excipio
gather, collect; gather information; receive in a particular manner (e.g., with applause), greet; make particular mention of, state expressly (28, 31, 37, 40, 52, 72)

excludo
bring out from its container, uncover, hatch (32)

exemplar
copy (70)

exheredo
disinherit (53)

exhibeo
present, display, imitate (52)

exintero
gut (49)

exitus
death (58)

exopinisso
think, believe (62)

exordior
lay the warp (in weaving), begin (61)

expavesco
become greatly terrified (51)

expedio
untangle, solve, clear up, settle (62)

expello
drive out, eject (27: seems to be a t.t. used in describing the swift passing on of the ball in trigon and other such sports)

expendo
weigh out, pay out, expend (39)

explico
unroll, spread out, reveal, make clear, unfold (59)

exprimo
reproduce, copy, portray (34)

expudoratus
shameless (39)

exsibilo
utter with a hiss (64)

exsono
resound (16, 19, 73)

ex(s)pectatio
expectation; object of expectation or longing (26)

ex(s)pecto
wait for, expect (47, 55)

ex(s)puo
spit (44)

extendo
stretch tight, strain (refl. - exert oneself) (46)

extorqueo
twist out, dislocate; cripple, deform (35, 48)

extraneus
not belonging to one's family, stranger, foreign (55)

exuo
strip (62)


A || B || C || D || E || F || G || H || I || K || L || M || N || O || P || Q || R || S || T || U || V || X || Y || Z
faba
bean (67, 76)

faber
carpenter, blacksmith, engineer (50)

factio
troupe (59)

faenero
lend money at interest, invest (76)

famosus
notorious (70)

farina
flour used in making pastry (33)

fascia
band, ribbon, fillet, zone (worn around woman's breasts; as leggings; as head-dress) (40, 46, 64)

fastidio
loath, feel distaste for (at 48: isolated instance of the pfct. pass. part. in active sense)

fatuus
foolish, silly (46)

favus
honey-comb (35, 76)

febris
fever (56)

Felicio
Luck (60, 67)

ferculum / ferculus
tray for food; dish or course in a meal (35, 39)

feriatus
holiday (46)

fermentum
yeast (76)

ferreus
made of iron or steel (32)

ferrum
(at 58: the iron ring of one who is not a senator or eques)

ferrumino
glue, solder (31, 32)

festus
(+ dies = holiday) (45)

fetus
off-spring (57)

ficedula
beccafico, fig-pecker (small bird) (33)

fictilis
made of clay (57, 69)

ficus
fig (35)

fides
credit, good name (57)

filix
fern, pubic hair (or contemptuous diminutive of filia?) (45)

filum
thread; character (46)

fimbriae
fringe on the border of a cloth or garment (32)

finio
terminate, end, set boundary to, bound (30)

flatura
casting of metals, the material produced thereby; quality, caliber (of a person) (45)

fluctus
flowing, streaming, commotion (47)

f(o)eteo
stink (70)

folium
leaf (37, 58)

follis
bag, sack (27)

forensis
of or relating to the market or forum (n. pl. - clothes suitable for forum) (56)

frango
break, prevail on, soften (refl. - relent) (75)

frequentia
crowd, throng; crowding (34)

frigidarius
of or for cold water (73)

frigidus
cold (at 28: sc. aqua)

frigus
coldness (of weather), frost (41, 42)

frugi
honest, deserving (indecl.) (73, 75)

fruniscor
enjoy, have pleasure of (+ acc. or abl.) (43, 75)

frustum
morsel, slice (35, 59, 66)

fulcipedia
(? - term of abuse applied to person standing on her dignity) (75)

fullo
fuller (42)

fundus
country estate, farm (37, 71, 76, 77)

funus
funeral, funeral rites (42, 72)

furnus
oven (72)

fustis
stick (70)


A || B || C || D || E || F || G || H || I || K || L || M || N || O || P || Q || R || S || T || U || V || X || Y || Z
galbinus
greenish-yellow (n. pl. - clothes of this color) (67)

galeatus
wearing a helmet (59)

gallicinium
cock-crow, dawn (62)

gallina
hen (at 55: g. Numidica = peafowl)

gallinaceus
belonging to domestic fowl (gallus g. - dung-hill cock) (38, 45, 48, 74)

gallus
cock (at 55: g. spado = capon)

garrio
chatter (55)

garum
fish sauce (used in a variety of recipes and preparations) (36)

gastra
large-bellied jar, belly of a jar (70)

gaudimonium
(= gaudium) (61)

gausapa (gausape)
cloak of woolen frieze (28)

gausapatus
wearing the gausapa (38)

genesis
natal star that rises at one's birth (Gk. γένεσις) (39)

genius
guardian spirit of a man or place (37, 62, 74, 75)

genu
knee (67)

genus
way, method, mode (26)

geometria
geometry (58)

gesticulor
mime, perform with mimic gestures (36, 59)

gingilipho
? (unknown) (73)

gizeria
giblets (66)

glans
acorn (40)

glebula
little clod or lump, small estate (57)

glis
dormouse (31)

gracilipes
slender-footed (55)

Graeculio
"Greekling" (76)

granum
seed, grain (31)

gratis
for nothing, gratis (57)

gressus
step (pl. - feet) (30)

grex
flock, herd, troop, company (29)

gurges
whirlpool (72)

gustatio
preliminary dish, appetizers (31)

gustatorium
tray on which gustatio served (34)

gusto
taste; partake of the gustatio; have some knowledge or experience of (33, 37, 46)

gustus
small portion, taste (gen. s. - gusti) (76, 77)

gypso
seal with gypsum (34, 71)

(h)arena
sand (34)


A || B || C || D || E || F || G || H || I || K || L || M || N || O || P || Q || R || S || T || U || V || X || Y || Z
harundo
reed, shepherd's pipe (40, 69)

hasta
spear (59)

haurio
draw (water, etc.), gulp down (74)

hedera
ivy (41)

hepatia
liver (n. pl.) (66)

hilaris / hilarus
cheerful, merry (52)

hircus
he-goat (57)

holus
vegetables (esp. cabbage, turnips, greens) (39)

Homerista
reciter of Homer, rhapsode (59)

homuncio
diminutive of homo: mere man, puny or worthless person (34, 56)

honestus
of good repute, respectable (41, 78)

horologium
sundial or water-clock (26, 71)

horreum
granary, barn (53)

hospita
f. of hospes (55)

hospitium
guest quarters (77)

hydraules (hydraula)
player on water-organ (abl. - hydraule) (36)


A || B || C || D || E || F || G || H || I || K || L || M || N || O || P || Q || R || S || T || U || V || X || Y || Z
iacto
discuss freely, ventilate, brag about (67)

iactura
loss (30, 64, 76)

iatraliptes
masseur (Grk.) (28)

ieiunium
fasting, starvation (44)

immineo
bend or lean towards (40)

imperiosus
powerful, domineering, tyrannical (39)

impingo
bring into violent contact; fix, fasten on; force, thrust on (31, 46, 74)

imprecor
pray for (at 78: bene imprecari - bless)

impropero
blame (38)

inaequalis
inconsistent (52)

inauratus
gilded (73)

incensus
glowing (67)

inclinatio
leaning, bending (i.e., weight) (49)

incommodus
troublesome, unfavorable, disagreeable (30)

incubo
lie on; sit (of birds sitting on eggs) (33)

Incubo
spirit that watches over buried treasure (38)

incumbo
lean on or over, concentrate on (54, 74)

index
informer (74)

indomitus
wild (55)

inflo
puff out (inflare se - put on airs, be conceited) (74)

ingeniosus
intellectual, gifted (46, 68)

ingero
heap on, din into a person's ears, say repeatedly (36)

initium
beginning (inter initia - in the early days) (43)

inquinatus
stained, tinctured (46)

inscriptio
inscription, "memorial" (55, 71)

insequor
follow closely (31)

insolenter
immoderately, pompously (59)

insolentia
extravagance, arrogance, insolence, insolent action (50, 70)

inspeciosus
not good-looking, ill-favored (74)

insula
tenement house, block of flats (71)

insulsus
absurd, tasteless (53)

interdiu
during the day (64)

interdum
from time to time (41)

interpello
interrupt (39, 53, 69)

interpres
intermediary, interpreter (of oracles, omens, dreams, etc.) (41)

intersum
take part in, attend as a participant (77)

introversus (introvorsus, introrsus)
to within, inside (63)

invado
attack, go for, rush on (in order to embrace) (74)

invito
incite (41, 73)

involo
rush upon, swoop on (in order to steal), steal (43, 58, 63)

iocor
jest, say in jest (52)

ipsimus / -a
master/mistress of a household (63, 69, 75, 76)

iumentum
beast of burden (mules, horses, etc. vs. cattle) (76)


A || B || C || D || E || F || G || H || I || K || L || M || N || O || P || Q || R || S || T || U || V || X || Y || Z
laboriosus
industrious, hard-working, busy (57)

labrum
  1. lip (46, 52, 69, 75)
  2. round basin (often found in the apse of the caldarium) (73)

lacernatus
dressed in a lacerna (open mantle or cloak) (69)

Laconicus
Spartan (40)

lacte (lac)
milk (38)

lacticulosus
unweaned, suckling (57)

lacunar
paneled ceiling; panels of such a ceiling (60)

lacus
cistern (70)

laecasin
(with dicere) tell to go to hell (Gk. λαικασεῖν — "to fuck") (42)

laina
mastic (38)

lamellula
small sum of money (57)

lam(i)na
thin sheet or strip of metal or some other substance; "cash" (32, 57, 58)

lana
wool (38, 78)

lanatus
covered in wool (pedes lanatos habere - be slow to aid?) (44)

lancea
light spear or lance (62)

lanio
butcher (39)

lanisticius
of or belonging to a lanista (manager of a troupe of gladiators) (45)

lanius
butcher (62)

lanx
platter (28, 31, 50, 59, 70)

lapidarius
of or concerned with stone-cutting (at 58: litterae l. - block capitals used in inscriptions) (at 65: m. - stone mason)

lapideus
of stone (62)

lar(i)dum
bacon (39, 70, 76)

larifuga
vagabond, tramp, runaway (57)

larva
ghost, demon, evil spirit (used as a term of reproach) (at 34: a model skeleton) (44, 62)

lasanum / lasanus
commode (41, 47)

lasso
make tired, weary, wear out (73)

lassus
exhausted (68)

laticlavius
bearing the broad purple stripe of the senatorial class; worthy of a senator, "lordly" (32, 76)

latratus
barking, baying (64)

latus
side, flank (40)

lautitiae
luxurious arrangements or appointments, refinements (27, 70, 73)

lautus / lotus (from lavo)
washed clean (but see Smith's note ad Sat. 30), fine, splendid, luxurious (26)

lectica
litter (28)

lectus
bed, dining couch (71)

lentus
flexible, pliant; slow, prolonged (36, 57)

lepus
hare (36, 56, 63)

levo
lift (29)

libens
willing, cheerful, glad (26)

liber
[on liberae cenae in 27.1, see Smith]

libido
desire, longing, whim (53)

libitinarius
undertaker (38, 78)

libra
set of scales, pound (66)

ligneus
wooden (33)

limen
threshold or lintel of a door (28)

lineus
made of linen (55)

lingua
tongue; speech, utterance (73)

linguosus
having an idle or malicious tongue (43, 63)

linteus
made of flax or linen (n. - towel) (28)

lippus
having watery or inflamed eyes (28, 64)

liquesco
melt, melt away, be dissipated, rot away (42)

liquo
melt, dissolve, strain (70)

livoro
beat black and blue (54)

loco
lease, let (38)

locusta
locust (l. marina - kind of lobster) (35)

longe ... late
far and wide (58)

loripes
strap-footed (?); bandy-legged (45)

lorus
strap, reins, whip (57)

lotium
urine (57)

lotus
(= lautus) (40)

lucerna
oil lamp (30, 45, 64, 69, 75)

Lucrio
Profit (60)

ludus
game, sport, entertainment, show, frivolity (ludos facere alicui - make a fool of someone) (36, 60, 73)

lupatria
term of abuse for a woman (cf. lupa - she-wolf, prostitute) (37)

lupinum
lupine (66)

luscinia
nightingale (68)

lutum
mud (51)

luxo
dislocate, displace (34)


A || B || C || D || E || F || G || H || I || K || L || M || N || O || P || Q || R || S || T || U || V || X || Y || Z
ma
onomatopoetic: first utterance of a baby (57)

machina
platform (revolving?) on which slaves presented for sale (74)

madeia perimadeia
(unexplained) (52)

mala
cheek (74)

malicorium
rind of pomegranate (47)

maligne
grudgingly, meanly, insufficiently (42)

malista
(Gk. μάλιστα) very, exceedingly (57)

malum
apple (at 31: m. Punicum - pomegranate) (at 69: m. Cydonium - quince) (56)

mancipium
ownership; slave, creature (68, 76)

manduco
chew, eat (46, 56)

Manius
proverbial for rustic (cf. Eng. "Rube") (45)

mantissa
[corrupt?] (65)

manuciolum
small bundle, tiny handful (63)

mapalia
hut, shanty (used as a term of abuse or disgust) (n. pl.) (58)

mappa
napkin (32, 60)

marceo
wither, droop (55)

margarita
pearl (55)

margaritum
pearl (used as term of endearment) (63)

margo
rim, border (31)

martiolum
little hammer (51)

massa
lump, mass (50)

matella
pot, chamber pot (27, 45 58)

mathematicus
astrologer (39, 76)

mattea
a dainty dish, dainty (65, 74)

matus
drunk, silly with drink (41)

maxilla
jaw-bone, jaw (usually pl.) (44)

meio
urinate (67)

medicus
physician, doctor (56)

mel
honey (31, 38)

melica
lyric poem, song (64)

meliusculus
somewhat better (38)

mentum
chin (29, 43)

merces
payment for services rendered (58)

merum
unmixed wine (74)

merus
pure (37, 53)

methodium
trick, artifice (Grk.) (36)

metior
measure (37, 75)

mica
crumb (42)

micarius
careful to pick up crumbs, thrifty (73)

mico
play the game of morra (i.e., guess total number of fingers held up by you and your opponent) (44)

miliarium
milestone (62)

mille(n)simus
one thousandth (67)

milva
female kite (term of abuse) (75)

milvinus
of a kite, resembling that of a kite (42)

milvus
kite (37, 45)

minerva
natural capacity, taste, intellect (43)

minister
attendant, waiter, servant (40, 74)

ministrator
attendant, waiter, servant (31)

minium
cinnabar (which yields a bright red pigment) (68)

minutalis
petty, insignificant (47)

minutus
small, petty, minor (of persons) (44)

mitis
soft, mild, gentle, indulgent (48)

mixcix
given to half measures (from misceo - of diluted wine?) (45)

modius
Roman dry measure of approx. two gallons ("bushel") (modium = gen. pl.) (37, 53)

mola
millstone, mill (39, 74)

momentum
minute quantity (at 40: sc. temporis) (28)

morbosus
prone to illness; mad about (46)

mordeo
bite, gnaw, annoy (44)

mordicus
with the teeth (adv.) (43)

mu
onomatopoetic: muttering sound (57)

mucro
point of a blade (70)

mufrius
blockhead (58)

mula
she-mule (38)

mulierosus
fond of women (39)

mulio
muleteer (68)

mullus
red mullet (35)

mulsum
drink made of honey and wine (34, 42)

mundus
elegant, refined, considerable in amount or degree ("nice") (41)

munus
function, task, duty; tribute, gift, favor; work, creation; public show (45, 50, 60, 70)

muraena
an eel: the moray or lamprey (56)

muria
brine for pickling (70)

mus
mouse (44, 56, 78)

musca
fly (42)

muscarium
fly-trap (made of peacock's feathers or the tail of an ox or horse) (56)

mustella
weasel (46)

muto
exchange, substitute, change (68)

mutto (musso)
murmur, mutter a sound (61)

mutuor
borrow (58)


A || B || C || D || E || F || G || H || I || K || L || M || N || O || P || Q || R || S || T || U || V || X || Y || Z
nannus
dwarf (45)

nardus
nard-oil (78)

natalis
of or belonging to birth (at 30: sc. dies - birthday)

nausea
sea-sickness, nausea, disgust, loathing (64, 78)

negotior
do business, trade, deal (76)

nenia
lament, dirge; trifle, hobby (46, 47)

nequam
useless, depraved (indecl.) (69)

nervia
sinews, tendons (n. pl.) (45)

nesapius
lacking in wisdom or sense (50)

nidus
nest (55)

nivatus
cooled with snow (31)

nocturnus
(at 57: burglar or fly-by-night) (at 63: f. of night hag, witch)

nomen
(in 53: debts)

nosco
(pfct. - be acquainted with, practice) (39)

novendialis
of nine days, happening on the ninth day (of a funeral banquet) (65)

novitas
newness, originality, surprise (35)

nugax
worthless, bungler (52)

numero
to count out, pay (58)

numerus
number; musical measure, time, rhythm (pl. - successive parts that go to form a whole, successive movements that form part of an exercise in wrestling and fencing) (gen. pl. - numerum) (40, 63, 68)

nummularius
money-changer (56)

numquid
(= num) (48)

nupta
wife (55)

nutrico
suckle, rear, cherish (77)

nux
nut (69)


A || B || C || D || E || F || G || H || I || K || L || M || N || O || P || Q || R || S || T || U || V || X || Y || Z
obduco
lead; obstruct; swallow, drink down (42)

obiter
en route, at the same time, the while (31)

obiurgo
rebuke, punish (34)

obligo
place under a moral obligation (31)

obrussa
assaying or testing of gold (ex o. - fine gold) (67)

obsonator
caterer (39)

obsonium
anything eaten with bread; vegetables, fruit; esp. fish; victuals, provisions (Grk.) (36, 47)

Occupo
god of opportunism (occupo - seize, take by surprise) (58)

oclopeta
(?) (see Smith) (35)

ocrea
greave (61)

octingenti
eight hundred (38)

odaria
song accompaniment? (n. pl.) (53)

oecarius
little room (30)

oenococtus
cooked in wine (47, 74)

officiosus
officious (74)

off(u)la
morsel of food (esp. meat) (56, 58)

oleum
olive oil (64)

oliorum
created from olim for sake of comic jingle: olim oliorum - since long, long ago (43)

olla
pot, jar (38)

olo (oleo)
smell (50)

onager
wild ass (38)

onero
load, heap, weigh down (32)

operio
cover, shut, close (44, 62)

oppono
(at 57: pedem o. = "trip up")

oracularius
dealing in oracles (43)

Orcus
god of underworld; Death (34, 45)

osculor
kiss (74)

ossuculum (ossiculum)
dimin. of os (bone) (65)

ostiarius
porter, janitor (37, 64, 77)

ostium
door (63)

ostreum (ostrea)
oyster (70)

otio
at leisure (otium) (51)

ovilla
mutton (56)

ovum
egg (33)

oxycomina
pickled olives or pickled cumin (66)


A || B || C || D || E || F || G || H || I || K || L || M || N || O || P || Q || R || S || T || U || V || X || Y || Z
palatum
palate (55)

palea
chaff (33)

pallium
Greek-style outer garment (= himation), heavy wrap (28, 32)

palmulus
fruit of palm tree (at 40: leaves of the palm tree)

palumbus (palumbes)
wood-pigeon (70)

panis
bread

pannus
piece of cloth, rag (44)

pantomimus
performer in pantomime (entertainment consisting of a dancer who acted in dumb show supported by a chorus and instrumental music) (31)

papaver
poppy (31)

paratus
ready to hand, prepared or equipped for action (31)

parentalia
Roman festival of the family dead (13-21 February) (78)

parento
make an offering of appeasement to the dead (69)

paries
wall (29, 39)

pariter
together, in concert (30)

paronychia
nail-clippings (31)

paropsis
small dish for serving vegetables, fruit, etc. (used esp. for appetizers and dessert) (34, 50)

parra
bird whose cry was considered ill-omened (43)

pars
portion (33)

parsi
alternative pfct. of parco (58)

partior (partio)
divide (59)

passer
sparrow (56)

passus
spread out; dried (from pando - to spread out) (44, 56, 69)

pataracina
(?) large wine cups [n. pl.] (41)

pateo
extend in space, spread (33)

patera
shallow dish or saucer for pouring libations (60)

paulisper
for a short time (30)

paul(l)ulum
to a small extent, for a short while (27)

pavo
peacock (33, 55)

pavoninus
of a peacock (33)

pecten
scallop (70)

peculium
money or property managed by a slave or another person incapable of legal ownership (75)

pedalis
of or relating to the foot (56)

peduclus (pediculus)
louse (57)

pelagius
of the sea, marine (55)

pelvis
shallow bowl or basin (usually of metal) (70)

penes
in the possession of (+ acc.) (55)

pensum
quantity of wool to be spun or woven (29)

penthiacum
hash [Pentheus] (47)

perbasio
smother with kisses (41)

perbonus
excellent, of excellent character or worth (77)

percolopo
strike with the hand, cuff, clout, beat up (44)

percussor
assassin (39)

percutio
strike forcibly, hit (40, 68)

perfodio
dig through, stab (33)

perfundo
drench (28, 60)

pergula
shop attached to front of larger building, shanty (74)

periclitor
be in danger (30)

periscelis
anklet (67)

peristasis
"topic" (48)

perna
ham (56, 66, 70)

perperam
incorrectly, amiss (adv.) (75)

persequor
follow persistently, pursue, dog; go over, explore (29, 33, 58)

persicus
Persian (n. - peach) (56)

pertundo
perforate (33)

pervenio
extend in time, go on (till), attain (a specified age) (77)

perversus
reversed, askew (58)

pessum
to the lowest part (adv.) (dare pessum: to send to the bottom, ruin, destroy) (43)

petauristarius
spring-board or trapeze artist (petaurum - spring-board used by acrobats) (47, 53)

phaecasia (phaecasium)
Greek style of shoe (67)

phalerae
decorative metal disks or bosses on military breastplate or horse's gear (55)

phaleratus
wearing phalerae (28)

phantasia
an imagined situation, experience, etc.; fantasy (38)

phiala
bowl, saucer (51)

philologia
study of "polite" literature, "culture" (39)

phreneticus
delirious, mad (63)

pica
jay or magpie (28, 37)

pietaticultrix
devotion-filled (55)

pila
ball (for play or exercise) (27)

pilleatus
wearing a pilleus (40, 65)

pilleus
felt cap (worn esp. as mark of manumission and at the Saturnalia) (38)

pilo
deprive of hair or feathers, pluck (43, 44)

pilus
hair, something of minimal size or value (44, 63)

pingo
paint (46)

pinguis
fat, plump (33, 64)

pinna
feather (used in various capacities: at 33, as a toothpick)

piper
pepper (44, 74)

piperatus
flavored with pepper (33, 36)

piscator
fisherman (73)

piscina
fishpond, pool (72)

pistor
baker (38, 44, 60, 68)

pistorius
of or connected with a baker (opus pistorium - pastry) (38)

pistrinum
mill / bakery (73)

pisum
type of pea (28)

pittacium
ticket, tag, label (Grk.) (34, 56)

placenta
cake (35, 60)

plaga
blow, stroke; gash (40)

plango
beat, strike, lament (42, 63)

plodo (plaudo)
applaud (45)

plovo (pluo)
rain (44)

plumatus
covered with feathers (55)

plumbum
lead (43)

plusscius
knowing more than others (plus + scio) (63)

podagricus
suffering gout, gouty (64)

pollex
thumb, big toe (48, 73)

polymita
wrought with threads of many colors, damasked (40)

pompa
ostentation, splendid array (of food) (60)

pomum
any kind of fruit or fruit-tree; mulberry (57, 60)

ponderosus
heavy (52)

pondo
in weight, by weight (67)

pono
place; set (food or drink) before someone, serve (47)

ponticulus
little bridge (31)

porcellus
little pig (40)

porcus
pig

poricino
(?) ring? (48)

porrigo
hold out, offer (34)

porro
on top of that, besides (introducing a fresh item in a list) (44)

porrus
leek (56)

portentum
portent, prodigy, extravagant or monstrous practice (47)

potio
drink, draught (41, 65)

prae
because of (prep. + acc. [usually abl.]) (39)

praeceps
steep, precipitous, dangerous (55)

praeceptum
piece of teaching, instruction, order, rule (30)

praecido
cut, sever (45)

praeco
crier, auctioneer (46)

praecordia
abdomen, stomach, heart (n. pl.) (56)

praedico
proclaim, declare; designate as, call (74)

praedium
farm, landed estate (53)

praefiscini
(used to avert bad luck or the evil consequences of praise: "so help me") (adv.) (73)

praesto
  1. make available, serve (34)
  2. ready, waiting, on the spot (adv.) (29)

praetereo
pass over, omit (49)

praetexta
toga with purple border worn by curule magistrates and free-born children (78)

prandeo
eat late-morning/mid-day meal, take lunch (57)

prasinus
leek green (27, 64, 70)

prasinatus
wearing a green garment (28)

prasinianus
supporter of the Green faction in the chariot races (70)

primigenius
"first born" (46)

primitiae
first fruits (a primitiis - from the beginning, thoroughly) (59)

primitus
at first (adv.) (62)

procumbo
prostrate oneself (30)

procurator
manager, superintendent (30)

proicio
drop (51, 52)

promulsidar(e)
tray or dish on which appetizers were served (31)

propin
drink before meal, "cocktail," toast   (Gk. προπῖν — contracted aor. inf. employed as a substantive) (28)

propitius
favorable, gracious (57, 58)

proprius
suitable (35)

proscribo
announce publicly, advertise (38)

prosequor
accompany, attend (48)

prospectus
prospect, view (66)

provideo
foresee, take steps in advance to deal with (37)

proxime
recently (38)

prunum
plum (at 31: Syriacum p. - Damson plum)

publico
make public or common (39)

pugnus
fist, fistful (66)

pullarius
of or relating to (young) chickens; a pederast (43)

pullo
sprout (46)

pullus
young animal, chicken (33, 46)

pultarius
cooking pot, tumbler (42)

pulvinaris
of or belonging to a cushion (37)

pulvinus
cushion, pillow (59)

pungo
prick, stab (56)

purgamentum
rubbish, filth (34, 74)

purgo
clean (at 28: remove outer husk or shell)

pusillus
tiny (29, 34)

putamen
shell (33)

puteus
well (42)

pyxis
small box or casket used to contain medicine, make-up, etc. (Gk.) (29)


A || B || C || D || E || F || G || H || I || K || L || M || N || O || P || Q || R || S || T || U || V || X || Y || Z
quadragesimus
fortieth (47)

quadraginta
forty (57)

quadrans
a coin worth one-quarter of an as (43)

quadriga
chariot with team of four horses (64)

quadringenti
four hundred (n. pl. - 400,000 sesterces) (45)

quadro
make square, square up; agree with, fit, suit (39) [litterae quadratae — capital letters (employed in formal inscriptions) (29)]

quater
on four occasions, four times (67)

quattuordecim
fourteen (75)

quingenti
five hundred (53)

quinquaginta
fifty (65)

quisquilia (quisquiliae)
waste material, sweepings, refuse (75)

quomodo
in what a manner! to what a degree! how! (44)

quotus
having what position in a numerical series?


A || B || C || D || E || F || G || H || I || K || L || M || N || O || P || Q || R || S || T || U || V || X || Y || Z
rana
frog (56, 74, 77)

rapa (rapum)
turnip (66)

raptim
hastily, in a rush (78)

ratio
account (53)

ratiocinor
keep accounts, calculate (29)

recorrigo
put right (43)

recta
directly, straight (with idea of motion) (58)

recutitus
circumcised (68)

reddo
give back, return, pay; render, reproduce (29, 44, 58)

redimio
circle with a garland (41)

redimo
buy back, buy up (with intention of acquiring control), ransom, rescue (72, 76)

regio
district (78)

religiosus
full of religious scruples, reverent (44)

relego
banish (53, 69)

reliquiae
left-overs (67)

remitto
send back; waive, remit (30)

reporrigo
hand back (51)

repositorium
portable stand for serving courses at meals (33, 39, 60)

reprimo
restrain, subdue, hold back (at 64: reflexive?)

repudio
reject, divorce (53)

resaluto
return the greeting of (44)

reseco
trim (45)

resilio
spring back, shrink from (46)

restis
rope (45)

restringo
fasten (the hands or arms) behind one (73)

resupino
lay or knock flat on one's back (29)

rete
net used in hunting (40)

reticulum
hair-net (67)

retroversus
backwards (adv.) (44)

reus
(at 53: reus fieri - to be accused)

revera
(re vera) in fact, in reality (45)

ricinus
tick (57)

rictus
open mouth (see ringor) (55)

r(i)enes
kidneys (35)

ringor
show teeth (75)

rixa
quarrel (45, 64, 70)

rixor
quarrel (28)

rogus
pyre (50)

rostrum
snout, muzzle, beak of ship, speakers' platform (75)

rubricatus
painted red with ochre (of law-books: with chapter-headings in red) (46)

rursus
backwards; in addition, besides (41)

russeus
brownish-red (27)

ruta
rue (37, 58)


A || B || C || D || E || F || G || H || I || K || L || M || N || O || P || Q || R || S || T || U || V || X || Y || Z
sacculus
small bag (71)

saccus
large bag or sack used for straining liquids (73)

sagino
fatten, stuff (64)

sagittarius
archer (35)

salax
lascivious, horny (43)

saliva
saliva, spittle; appetite, taste (48)

saltatio
dancing (53)

saltuarius
forester, gamekeeper (53)

salvus
intact, not invalidated, not subject to prejudice (63)

sangunculus (sanguiculus)
blood-pudding or sauce (66)

sapa
must, new wine that has been boiled down (66)

saplutus
exceedingly rich (Gk. ζάπλουτος) (37)

satago
bustle about, be hard pressed (58)

satur
full, sated (28)

saucius
wounded, tipsy (67)

scaena
background against which play, etc. performed; scene, charade, spectacle (33)

scalae
flight of stairs, ladder (53)

scapulae
shoulder blades (64)

schema
expression that employs rhetorical finesse (44)

scholasticus
student or teacher of rhetoric (39, 61)

sciscitor
try to get to know, inquire (37)

scissor
one who carves meat (36)

scobis
sawdust (68)

scopae
broom (34)

scordaliae
displays of hot temper (59)

scriblita
a kind of tart (35, 66)

scrofa
breeding-sow (40)

scruta
odds and ends (n. pl.) (62)

scrutor
probe, examine (33)

scutum
shield (59)

scyphus
goblet (52, 54, 56)

secessus
withdrawal into seclusion or privacy; quiet corner, retreat (41)

seco
cut, cut up, cut with a lash, whip (45)

secreto
separately, individually, privately (28)

securis
ax (30)

seduco
draw aside (74)

selibra
one-half pound (33, 67)

semen
seed (38)

semesus
half- or partly-eaten (64)

semis
one half of an as (68)

sempiterno
eternally, forever (45)

senape (sinapi)
white mustard (66)

seplasium
ointment made or sold in Capua (76)

serisapia
late wisdom (56)

servo
reserve, set aside (73)

servulus
dimin. of servus (46)

sessorium
sitting-room, parlor (77)

sestertiarius
worth but a sesterce (45)

sestertius
1 sestertius = 4 asses

sevir
one of board of six (in provincial towns, charged with maintaining cult of Rome and Augustus) (30, 57)

seviratus
office of sevir (71)

sexennum
6 years old (47)

siccitas
drought (44)

siccus
dry; of sober habits, abstemious (n. - dry land) (37, 72)

sico
cut (i.e., whip) (45)

siligineus
made of siligo (a soft variety of wheat) (69)

silvaticus
of or belonging to the woods, wild (40)

simila
flour produced from triticum (wheat) (44)

singuli
one apiece, individual (44)

sobrius
sober; staid, sensible, temperate (37)

solea
leather sandal or slipper (worn by men in the house only: considered as a mark of effeminacy if worn out of doors); fish (sole) (56)

soleatus
wearing soleae (at 27: implies fancy slippers worn at a dinner party; their use in public would be considered unseemly)

solium
throne; hot water tub (51, 73)

somnior (somnio)
dream, dream of (74)

sophos
well done! bravo! (Gk. σοφῶς) (40)

sorbilis
able to be drunk or sucked up; runny (and therefore edible) (33)

spado
eunuch (27, 34, 55)

spargo
scatter, sprinkle, strew (72, 74)

speciosus
handsome, appealing (41)

spectaculum
sight, spectacle (27)

specto
look at something, direct one's gaze (68)

specularis
of or relating to mirrors (lapis s. - mica, gypsum) (68)

spina
spine (69)

spissus
dense, thick, closely-packed (31)

sponsio
wager (70)

sponsiuncula
a little bet (58)

sportella
little basket (40)

staminatas
neat (i.e., not mixed with water), immense (sc. potiones) (41)

statera
kind of balance (35, 67)

statunculum
statuette (50)

stela
gravestone (62)

stelio
lizard; rogue (50)

stella
star (32)

stercus
dung, muck (43)

sterilicula
uterus of sow that has not yet farrowed (35)

sterno
spread with blankets or something soft (s. lectum - prepare a couch for use) (71)

sterteia
one who snores (f.) (75)

stigma
brand, stigma (45)

stip(e)s
trunk of tree, stick (term of abuse for someone stupid) (43)

stolata
wearing the stola (worn by well-to-do married women - a symbol of respectability) (44)

strabonus (strabo)
squinter (39, 68)

stragula
a pall (78)

stragulus
(vestis stragula - cloth used as bedding, blankets, rugs, etc.) (42)

stramenticius
made of straw (63)

stramentum
straw or other material used as bedding material (63)

stratum
cover, horse cloth, bed (see sterno) (45, 55)

striga
screech-owl, evil spirit that howls in the night (witch, vampire) (63)

strophae
flourishes, tricks, tours de force (60)

structor
maker, builder; slave employed to arrange dishes, carve meat, etc. (35)

stupor
state of being insensible, dullness, stupefaction (41)

subalapa
rather boastful person (alapor - boast) (38)

subauratus
coated with gold, gilt (32)

subduco
withdraw, steal, purloin (30)

subicio
supply, apply, place under; substitute (27, 59)

subinde
immediately, repeatedly (47)

subolfacio
smell out, perceive by the scent (45)

suborno
supply, equip, dress up (in costume, etc.) (26, 36, 40)

subsequor
follow close behind (72)

subsessor
waylayer, lier-in-wait (who sat by the hunting nets waiting for game to be driven into them) (40)

suburbanum
suburban estate (48)

succino
sing or play accompaniment, "chime in" (69)

sucosus
juicy; extremely rich, oozing wealth (38)

sudarium
piece of cloth carried like a handkerchief, but used to wipe face, as a napkin, etc. (67)

sudo
sweat (44)

sudor
sweat (28)

sufficio
supply, provide (as replenishment) (27)

sufflo
inflate, blow upon (45)

sumen
sow's udder (36)

summa
(at 55: highest place, supremacy in x [+ gen.])

sumo
take (of food, medicine, etc.), take one's fill (34)

supellecticarius (supellectilarius)
servant in charge of household furniture (34)

supervacuus
superfluous (38)

su(r)sum
upward, above (58, 77)

sus
pig, boar, sow (49)

sutor
cobbler (68)

symphonia
group of musicians or singers (esp. when performing); musical accompaniment (32)

symphoniacus
one who sings or plays in a band (28)


A || B || C || D || E || F || G || H || I || K || L || M || N || O || P || Q || R || S || T || U || V || X || Y || Z
tabula
plank, writing tablet; notice-board; gaming board (30, 56, 76)

taeda
pine wood, resin (47)

taeter
foul, horrible, vile (35, 64, 70)

talus
ankle (70)

tango
(at 66: me tango - taste, eat)

tangomenas
deriv. uncertain (with facere: to drink one's fill) (34, 73)

taurulus
little bull (39)

tegula
roof-tile (63)

teneo
hold fast (in the mind), remember (48)

terebinthinus
of the terebinth tree (33)

terni
three at one time, three each (66)

tertiarius
gladiator who replaces one killed in previous fight (45)

tessera
small cube or block; die-cube (33)

testamentum
will (53)

textilis
woven (55)

textor
weaver (33)

thebaicus
native or belonging to Thebes in Egypt (at 40: sc. palma [date]
noted for being dry)

theca
cover (39)

thraecium
outfit of a Thraex (75)

Thraex
type of gladiator (characterized by light shield and curved sword) (45)

tibia
reed pipe (28)

tinea
beetle, grub, maggot (78)

tintinnabulum
bell (47)

tisicus
consumptive (64)

titulus
notice, label (34, 38, 55)

tomaculum
kind of sausage (31, 49)

tomentum
flock or similar material used for stuffing cushions, etc. (38)

tonstrinum
barber's trade (46, 64)

topanta
everything that matters, all in all (Gk. τὸ πάντα) (37)

toral
valance of a couch (40)

torqueo
whirl around, twist awry, wrench the limbs upon the rack (41)

tortor
torturer (49)

trabalis
of or used for wooden beams (75)

traduco
exhibit, display, make a spectacle of, disgrace (41, 45)

tragoedus
actor of tragedy (70)

transilio
leap through (53)

transversus
oblique, athwart (de/ex transverso - unexpectedly) (55)

trepido
tremble, be in a state of confusion, agitation, or trepidation (26, 74)

tribunal
dais or platform on which the magistrate's chair was placed (71)

tributarius
liable to tribute (m. - tributary king) (57)

tricae
trifles, nonsense (53)

triduum
space of 3 days (45)

trimum
3 years old (47)

tripudio
to perform the tripudium (ritual dance in triple time performed by priests in honor of Mars) (36)

tristimonium (tristimonia)
sadness, despondency (63)

triticum
wheat (53)

trudo
thrust, push, press on, push forth (45)

trulla
scoop, ladle, strainer (75)

tuba
trumpet with straight tube (44)

tuber
swelling, tumor (t. terrae - truffle, toadstool) (58)

tubicen
one who plays the trumpet (tuba) (64)

tueor
preserve, maintain — [with partem, personam: "play")] (26)

tumultuor
make a commotion or confused uproar (78)

turdus
thrush (40, 65, 69)

turtur
turtle-dove (70)

tutela
protection, guardianship; protector, guardian (57)


A || B || C || D || E || F || G || H || I || K || L || M || N || O || P || Q || R || S || T || U || V || X || Y || Z
uber
teat, pap (40)

ubique
anywhere, everywhere, in all circumstances (45, 58)

udus
wet, soaked, sodden, drunk (44, 58)

ultra
thereafter, any more, any longer (75)

ululo
howl (62)

umor
moisture, bodily fluid or discharge, sap (60)

unctus
covered in or anointed with oil (at 43: signifying rich foods)

undo
surge, flood (62)

unguentarius
maker of / dealer in perfumed ointments (39, 74)

unguis
nail of finger or toe (45, 57)

ung(u)o
smear with oil, anoint (75, 78)

universus
(pl. - all, without exception) (63)

urbanus
polished, refined, elegant

urceatim
by the pitcher, in jugfuls (urceus - jug) (44)

urceolus
small pitcher or jug (74)

urnalis
holding an urna (3-4 gallons) (52)

ursinus
of or relating to a bear (f. - bear's meat) (66)

usus
experience (usu venire - to occur in one's experience) (61)

uter
bladder; leather bag (for holding liquids, etc.) (34, 42)

utique
at any rate, without doubt, absolutely, certainly (not) (43, 45, 51)

utriculus
small skin or leather bottle (36)

uva
bunch of grapes (56)


A || B || C || D || E || F || G || H || I || K || L || M || N || O || P || Q || R || S || T || U || V || X || Y || Z
vacillo
be unsteady, totter; be in financial distress (38)

vaco
be empty, be unoccupied, be at leisure (3rd sg. used impersonally: there is time/leisure) (46)

vafer
crafty, sly (50)

vah
exclamation of pain, vexation, contempt, admiration, or surprise (58)

valde
vigorously, intensely, extremely (when emphasizing a whole sentence: assuredly) (31)

valdus
(syncopated form of validus) (51)

valvae
folding doors (65)

varius
particolored, variegated (28, 45)

vas (vasum / vasus)
vase (57)

vavato
doll, puppet (63)

velum
sail (45)

venabulum
hunting spear (40)

venalicius
for sale, purchasable (n. - slave market, slaves) (29, 76)

venalis
for sale (46)

venatio
hunt (40)

venatorius
of or belonging to a hunter or the chase (40)

venenarius
poisoner (39)

veneratio
expression of reverent feeling or adoration, homage, veneration (60)

venerius (venereus)
sexual (61)

verbum
(at 78: verba dare - hoodwink, deceive, give the slip)

vermis
worm (57)

vernaculus
home-born, indigenous (used esp. of slaves) (38)

vernula
young home-born slave (66)

verro
sweep (34)

versipellis
skin-changer, werewolf (62)

vertebra
joint or articulation of the body; vertebra (34)

vervex
wether (as term of abuse: sheep, dolt) (57)

vesica
bladder (27)

vestiarius
dealer in clothes (41)

vestio
clothe, dress (27)

vetuo
(= veto)

vetulus
somewhat advanced in years, aging (28)

vexatio
jolting, shock, ill-treatment (60)

viator
messenger (= cursor?) (47)

vibro
move rapidly to and fro, fly swiftly (27, 47)

vicensimarius (vicesimarius)
collector of the five percent tax on the value of manumitted slaves (65)

vicesimus
twentieth part (f. - five percent tax on manumitted slaves [sc. pars]) (71)

vicus
district, quarter (61)

vigil
sentry, guard, member of fire brigade / neighborhood watch (78)

vigilo
stay awake, be vigilant, keep guard (77)

vilicatio
function of an overseer (vilicus) (69)

vinarium
vessel for serving wine (70, 78)

vindemia
vintage (43)

vindico
assert one's title to; claim as free (sc. in libertatem), manumit, liberate (41)

vinea
vines in a vineyard, vineyard (71)

vinearium
nursery for vines (71)

vitalis
of or belonging to life, concerning life or death (lectus vitalis - bier) (n. pl. - grave-clothes) (42, 77)

vitellus
yolk of an egg (33)

vitis
grape-vine (41)

vitreus
made of glass (34, 67)

vitulus
bull-calf (44, 47, 59)

volpis (vulpes)
fox (44, 58)

votum
(at 73: v. est - it is [my] wish)

vulgatus
common, ordinary, well-known, frequent (60)

vulva
sow's womb (70)


A || B || C || D || E || F || G || H || I || K || L || M || N || O || P || Q || R || S || T || U || V || X || Y || Z
xerophagia
herbs eaten raw, crudités (Gk. ξηροφαγία - "eating of dry foods") (56)


A || B || C || D || E || F || G || H || I || K || L || M || N || O || P || Q || R || S || T || U || V || X || Y || Z
zelotypus
jealous (45, 69)

zmaragdum
emerald (55)

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