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CLAS 220: The Ancient Symposium/Convivium
compiled by John Porter, University of Saskatchewan
Relevant Links Elsewhere on the WWW and Bibliography for Course Lectures on Greek and Roman Banquets.
NOTE: For the most part, links on this page are to relevant material on other WWW sites.
Please do not assume that the material is mine unless the page to which you are directed is clearly marked as being part of this WWW site.
The following passages from Xenophon's Symposium indicate some of the types of
entertainment offered at a lavish Greek symposium in the Classical period.
Links to Relevant Sites Elsewhere on the WWW
For a list of journal abbreviations and call numbers, see the
Journals Relating to Classics in the University of Saskatchewan Libraries page.
- Ascough, R.S. "Forms of Commensality in Greco-Roman Associations," CW 102 (2008) 33-45.
- Bérard, C., and C. Bron. "Satyric Revels," in C. Bérard, ed., A City of Images: Iconography and Society in Ancient Greece (Princeton, 1989) 131-50.
- Bergquist, B. "Sympotic Space: A Functional Aspect of Greek Dining-Rooms," in O. Murray, ed. Sympotica: A Symposium On The Symposion (Oxford, 1990) 37-65.
- Blazeby, C.K. "Women + Wine = Prostitute in Classical Athens," in A. Glazebrook and M.M. Henry, eds., Greek Prostitutes in the Ancient Mediterranean, 800 BCE - 200 CE (Madison, 2011) 86-105.
- Boardman, J. "Symposion Furniture," in O. Murray, ed. Sympotica: A Symposium On The Symposion (Oxford, 1990) 122-31.
- Bookidis, N., J. Hansen, L. Snyder, and P. Goldberg. "Dining in the Sanctuary of Demeter and Kore at Corinth," Hesperia 68.1 (1999) 1-54.
- Booth, A. "The Age for Reclining and Its Attendant Perils," in W.J. Slater, ed. Dining in a Classical Context (Ann Arbor, 1991) 105-20.
- Bowie, A.M. "Thinking with Drinking: Wine and the Symposium in Aristophanes," JHS 117 (1997) 1-21.
- Bowie, E. "Wine in Old Comedy," in O. Murray and M. Tecusan, eds., In uino ueritas (London, 1995) 113-25.
- Bowie, E.L. "Early Greek Elegy, Symposium, and Public Festival," JHS 106 (1986) 13-35.
- Bremmer, J.N. "Adolescents, Symposion, and Pederasty," in O. Murray, ed. Sympotica: A Symposium On The Symposion (Oxford, 1990) 135-48.
- Bundrick, S.D. "Inside/Outside: Revisiting a Chous in the Metropolitan Museum of Art," in J.H. Oakley and O. Palagia, eds., Athenian Potters and Painters (Oxford, 2009) 2.27-35.
- Burkert, W. "Oriental Symposia: Contrasts and Parallels," in W.J. Slater, ed. Dining in a Classical Context (Ann Arbor, 1991) 7-24.
- Burton, J. "Women's Commensality in the Ancient Greek World," G&R 45 (1998) 143-65.
- Cazzato, V., D. Obbink, and E. Emanuele Prodi, eds. The Cup of Song: Studies on Poetry and the Symposion. New York and Oxford, 2017.
- Collard, D., J. Morris, and E. Perego, eds. Food and drink in archaeology 3: University of Nottingham Postgraduate Conference 2009. Totnes, 2012.
- Corner, S. "Sumposium," in T.K. Hubbard, ed. A companion to Greek and Roman sexualities (Malden and Oxford, 2014) 199-213.
- Corner, S. "Bringing the Outside In: The Andron as Brothel and the Symposium's Civic Sexuality," in A. Glazebrook and M.M. Henry, eds., Greek Prostitutes in the Ancient Mediterranean, 800 BCE - 200 CE (Madison, 2011) 60-85.
- Csapo, E., and M. Miller. "The 'Kottabos-Toast' and an Inscribed Red-Figured Cup," Hesperia 60 (1991) 367-82.
- Dalby, A. Siren Feasts: A History of Food and Gastronomy in Greece. New York, 1996.
- Dalby, A. "Food and Sexuality in Classical Greece," Food, Culture and History 1 (1993) 165-90.
- D'Arms, J.H. "Control, Companionship, and Clientela: Some Social Functions of the Roman Communal Meal," Studies in Roman Society (EchCl 28, n.s. 3, 1984) 327-48.
- D'Arms, J.H. "Slaves at Roman Convivia," in W.J. Slater, ed. Dining in a Classical Context (Ann Arbor, 1991) 171-83.
- D'Arms, J.H. "The Roman Convivium and the Idea of Equality," in O. Murray, ed. Sympotica: A Symposium On The Symposion (Oxford, 1990) 308-20.
- Davidson, J.N. "Gnesippus Paigniagraphos: The Comci Poets and the Erotic Mime," in D. Harvey and J. Wilkins, eds., The Rivals of Aristophanes. Studies in Athenian Old Comedy (London, 2000) 41-64.
- Dearden, C.W. "Pots, Tumblers, and Phlyax Vases," in A. Griffiths, ed., Stage Directions: Essays in Honour of E.W. Handley (London, 1995) 81-86.
- Dietler, M. "Alcohol. Anthropological/Archaeological Perspectives," Annual Review of Anthropology 35 (2006) 229-49.
- Douglas, M., ed. Constructive Drinking: Perspectives on Drink from Anthropology. Cambridge, 1987.
- Dunbabin, K.M.D. "The Waiting Servant in Later Roman Art," AJP 124 (2003) 443-68.
- Dunbabin, K.M.D. "Convivial Spaces: Dining and Entertainment in the Roman Villa," JRA 9 (1996) 66ff.
- Dunbabin, K. "Triclinium and Stibadium," in W.J. Slater, ed. Dining in a Classical Context (Ann Arbor, 1991) 121-48.
- Dunbabin, K. The Roman Banquet: Images of Conviviality. Cambridge, 2004.
- Dunbabin, K. "Ut Graeco more biberetur: Greeks and Romans on the Dining Couch," in I. Nielsen and H.S. Nielsen, eds., Meals in a Social Context. Aspects of the Communal Meal in the Hellenistic and Roman World (Aarhus, 1998) 81-101
- Dunbabin, K. "Wine and Water at the Roman Convivium," JRA 6 (1993) 116-41.
- Durand, J.-L., F. Frontisi-Ducroux, and F. Lissarrague. "Wine: Human and Divine," in C. Bérard, ed., A City of Images: Iconography and Society in Ancient Greece (Princeton, 1989) 121-30.
- Ellis, S. "Late-antique Dining: Architecture, Furnishings and Behaviour," in R. Laurence and A. Wallace-Hadrill, eds., Domestic Space in the Roman World: Pompeii and Beyond (Portsmouth, 1997) .
- Fisher, N.R.E. "Greek Associations, Symposia, and Clubs," in M. Grant and R. Kitzinger, eds., Civilization of the Ancient Mediterranean: Greece and Rome (New York, 1988) 2.1167-97.
- Forbes, R.J. Studies in Ancient Technology. Leiden, 1964. [Vol. 3]
- Foss, P. "Watchful Lares: Roman Household Organization and the Rituals of Cooking and Dining," in R. Laurence and A. Wallace-Hadrill, eds., Domestic Space in the Roman World: Pompeii and Beyond (Portsmouth, 1997) .
- Frontisi-Ducroux, F., and F. Lissarrague. "From Ambiguity to Ambivalence: A Dionysiac Excursion through the 'Anakreontic' Vases," in D.M. Halperin, J.J. Winkler, and F.I. Zeitlin, eds., Before Sexuality: The Construction of Erotic Experience in the Ancient Greek World (Princeton, 1990) 211-56.
- Gaselee, S. "Wine in Petronius," Wine and Food 36 (1942) 171-72.
- Giacosa, I.G. A Taste of Ancient Rome. Chicago, 1992.
- Gilula, D. "Entertainment at Xenophon's Symposium," Athenaeum 90 (2002) 207-13.
- Glazebrook, A. "Prostitutes, Plonk and Play: Female Banqueter on a Red-Figure Psykter from the Hermitage," CW 105 (2012) 497-524.
- Glazebrook, A. "'Sex ed' at the archaic symposium: Prostitutes, boys and paideia," in Masterson, M., N. Sorkin Rabinowitz, and J. Robson, eds., Sex in Antiquity. Exploring Gender and Sexuality in the Ancient World (London and New York, 2015) 157-78.
- Gold, B.K., and J.F. Donahue, eds. Roman Dining. Baltimore, 2005.
- Goldman, M.L. "Associating the Aulêtris: Flute Girls and Prostitutes in the Classical Greek Symposium." Helios 42 (2015) 29-60.
- Gowers, E. The Loaded Table. Representations of Food in Roman Literature. Oxford, 1992.
- Hamel, D. Trying Neaira: The True Story of a Courtesan's Scandalous Life in Ancient Greece. New Haven, 2003.
- Hammer, D. "Ideology, the Symposium, and Archaic Politics," AJP 125 (2004) 479-512.
- Hanson, D.J. "Historical evolution of alcohol consumption in society," in P. Boyle et al., Alcohol: Science, Policy and Public Health (Oxford, 2013) 3-12.
- Harrison, G.W.M. "Martial on Sportula and the Saturnalia," Mouseion 1 (2001) 295-312.
- Hayley, H.W. "The kottabos kataktos in the Light of Recent Investigations," HSCP 5 (1894) 73-82.
- Herman, G. Ritualised Friendship and the Greek City. Cambridge, 1987.
- Hobden, F. The Symposion in Ancient Greek Society and Thought. Cambridge, 2013.
- Johnson, H. The Story of Wine. London, 1989.
- Jones, C.P. "Dinner Theater," in W.J. Slater, ed. Dining in a Classical Context (Ann Arbor, 1991) 185-98.
- Jouanna, J., and L. Villard. Vin et santé en Grèce ancienne. Actes du colloque organisé à l'Université de Rouen et à Paris. (BCH Supplement 40.) Paris, 2002.
- Kapparis, K.K. "The Terminology of Prostitution in the Ancient World," in A. Glazebrook and M.M. Henry, eds., Greek Prostitutes in the Ancient Mediterranean, 800 BCE - 200 CE (Madison, 2011) 222-55.
- Levine, D.B. "Symposium and Polis," in T.J. Figueira and G. Nagy, eds., Theognis of Megara: Poetry and the Polis (Baltimore, 1985) 176-96.
- Ling, R. "The Decoration of Roman Triclinia," in O. Murray and M. Tecusan, eds., In Vino Veritas (Rome, 1995) 239-51.
- Lissarrague, F. Greek Vases: The Athenians and Their Images. New York, 2001.
- Lissarrague, F. The Aesthetics Of The Greek Banquet: Images Of Wine And Ritual. Princeton, 1990.
- Lissarrague, F. "Around the Krater: An Aspect of Banquet Imagery," in O. Murray, ed. Sympotica: A Symposium On The Symposion (Oxford, 1990) 196-209.
- Lissarrague, F. "The Sexual Life of Satyrs," in D.M. Halperin, J.J. Winkler, and F.I. Zeitlin, eds., Before Sexuality: The Construction of Erotic Experience in the Ancient Greek World (Princeton, 1990) 53-81.
- Luppe, W. "Kottabos-Spiel mit den Essignäpfchen (Kratinos fr.124 K./A.)," Nikephoros 5 (1992) 37-42.
- Lynch, K.M. The Symposium in Context: Pottery from a Late Archaic House near the Athenian Agora. Princeton, 2011.
- Lynch, K.M. "Drinking Cups and the Symposium at Athens in the Archaic and Classical Periods," in K.F. Daly and L.A. Riccardi, eds., Cities Called Athens (London, 2015) 231-72.
- Lynch, K.M. "More Thoughts on the Space of the Symposium," in R. Westgate, N. Fisher, and J. Whitley, eds., Building communities: House, settlement and society in the Aegean and beyond (London, 2007) 251-58.
- McCartney, E. "The Couch as a Unit of Measurement," CP 29 (1934) 30-35.
- McGovern, P.E. Ancient Wine: The Search for the Origins of Viniculture. Princeton, 2003.
- McLeish, K. Food And Drink. London, 1978.
- Luke, J. "The Krater, Kratos, and the Polis," G&R 41 (1994) 23-32.
- Lynch, K.M. "Drinking and dining," in T.J. Smith and D. Plantzos, eds., A companion to Greek art (Malden and Oxford, 2012) 525-42.
- Miller, M.C. "Reexamining Transvestism in Archaic and Classical Athens: The Zewadski Stamnos," AJA 103 (1999) 223-53.
- Miner, J. "Courtesan, Concubine, Whore: Apollodorus' Deliberate Use of Terms for Prostitutes," AJP 124 (2003) 19-37.
- Morgan, J. "Drunken men and modern myths. Re-viewing the Classical andron," in S.D. Lambert, ed., Sociable Man: essays on Ancient Greek Social Behaviour in Honour of Nick Fisher (Swansea, 2011) 267-90.
- Murray, O., and M. Tecusan, eds. In Vino Veritas. Rome, 1995.
- Murray, O., ed. Sympotica: A Symposium On The Symposion. Oxford, 1990.
- Murray, O. "The Greek Symposion in History," in E. Gabba, ed., Tria corda: Scritti in onore di Arnaldo Momigliano (Como, 1983) 257-62.
- Murray, O. "The Symposion as Social Organization," in R. Hägg, ed., The Greek Renaissance of the Eighth Century BC (Stockholm, 1983) 195-99.
- Murray, O. "The Affair of the Mysteries: Democracy and the Drinking Group," in O. Murray ed., Sympotica: A Symposium On The Symposion (Oxford, 1990) 149-61.
- Murray, O. "Sympotic History," in O. Murray ed., Sympotica: A Symposium On The Symposion (Oxford, 1990) 3-13.
- Murray, O. "Forms of Sociality," in J.-P. Vernant, ed., The Greeks (Chicago, 1995) 218-53.
- Murray, O. "Les règles du symposion ou comment problématiser le plaisir," in M. Aurell, O. Dumoulin, and E. Thelamon, eds., La sociabilité à table (Rouen, 1992) 65-68.
- Neer, R.T. Style and Politics in Athenian Vase-Painting: The Craft of Democracy, ca. 530-460 BCE. Cambridge, 2002.
- Neils, J. "Others Within the Other: An Intimate Look at Hetairai and Maenads," in B. Cohen, ed., Not the Classical Ideal: Athens and the Construction of the Other in Greek Art (Leiden, Boston, and Köln, 2000) 203-26.
- Osborne, R. "Intoxication and Sociality: The Symposium in the Ancient Greek World," Past & Present 222 (2014) 34-60.
- Padgett, J.M. "The Stable Hands of Dionysos: Satyrs and Donkeys as Symbols of Social Marginalization in Attic Vase Painting," in B. Cohen, ed., Not the Classical Ideal: Athens and the Construction of the Other in Greek Art (Leiden, 2000) 43-70.
- Parisinou, E. "'Lighting' the World of Women: Lamps and Torches in the Hands of Women in the Late Archaic and Classical Periods," G&R 47 (2000) 19-42.
- Partridge, B. A History of Orgies. London, 1962.
- Pellizer, E. "Outlines of a Morphology of Sympotic Entertainment," in O. Murray, ed. Sympotica: A Symposium On The Symposion (Oxford, 1990) 177-84.
- Peschl, I. Die Hetaere bei Symposion und Komos in der attisch-rotfiguren Vasenmalerei des 6.-4. Jahr. v. Chr. Frankfurt am Main, 1987.
- Pownall, F. "Critias on the Aetiology of the Kottabos Game," in M. Chassignet, ed., L'étiologie dans la pensée antique (Turnhout, 2008) 17-33.
- Pritchard, D.M. "Fool's gold and silver: reflections on the evidentiary status of finely painted Attic pottery," Antichthon 33 (1999) 1-27.
- Pütz, B. The Symposium and Komos in Aristophanes. Stuttgart and Weimar, 2003. [Reissued: Warminster, 2007.]
- Rathje, A. "Banquet and Ideology. Some New Considerations About Banqueting at Poggio Civitate," in R.D. De Puma and J.P. Small, eds., Murlo and the Etruscans. Art and Society in Ancient Etruria (Madison, 1994) 95-99.
- Ricotti, E.S.P. L'Arte del convito nella Roma antica. Rome, 1985.
- Richardson, L., Jr. "A Contribution to the Study of Pompeian Dining-Rooms," Pompeii, Herculaneum, Stabiae: Bolletino dell'Associazione internazionale amici di Pompei 1 (1983) 61-71.
- Robinson, J., ed. The Oxford Companion to Wine. New York, 1994.
- Roller, M.B. "Horizontal Women: Posture and Sex in the Roman Convivium," AJP 124 (2003) 377-422.
- Roller, M.B. Dining Posture in Ancient Rome. Bodies, Value, Status. Princeton and Oxford, 2006.
- Rosen, R.M., and P.C. Díaz."The Death of Thersites and the Sympotic Performance of Iambic Mockery," Pallas 61 (2003) 121-36.
- Rosen, R.M. "Euboulos' Ankylion and the Game of Kottabos," CQ 39 (1989) 355ff.
- Rotroff, S.I. "How did Pots Function Within the Landscape of Daily Living?" in M.-C. Villanueva-Puig, F. Lissarague, P. Rouillard, and A. Rouveret, eds., Céramique et peinture grecque: Modes d'emploi (Paris, 1999) 63-74.
- Russell, B.F. "Wine, Women, and the Polis: Gender and the Formation of the City-State in Archaic Rome," G&R 50 (2003) 77-84.
- Salza Prina Ricotti, E. "The Importance of Water in Roman Garden Triclinia," in E.B. MacDougall, ed., Ancient Roman Villa Gardens (Dumbarton Oaks, 1987) 137-84.
- Scaife, R. "From Kottabos to War in Aristophanes' Acharnians," GRBS 33 (1992) 25-35.
- Schafer, A. Unterhaltung beim griechischen Symposium. Mainz, 1997.
- Schmitt, P. La cité au banquet. Rome, 1997.
- Schmitt, P., and A. Schnapp. "Image et société en Grèce ancienne: Les représentations de la chasse et du banquet," RevArch 1 (1982) 57-74.
- Schnurbusch, D. Convivium: Form und Bedeutung aristokratischer Geselligkeit in der römischen Antike. Stuttgart, 2011.
- Seltman, C. Wine in the Ancient World. London, 1957.
- Shero, L. "Cena in Roman Satire," CP 18 (1923) 126-43.
- Singleton, V.L. "An Enologist's Commentary on Ancient Wines," in P.E. McGovern, S.J. Fleming, and S.H. Katz, eds., The Origins and Ancient History of Wine (London, 1996) 67-78.
- Slater, W.J., ed. Dining in a Classical Context. Ann Arbor, 1991.
- Slings, S.R. Symposium: Speech and Ideology. Two hermeneutical issues in early Greek lyric, with special reference to Mimnermus. Amsterdam, 2000.
- Small, J.P. "Eat, Drink, and Be Merry. Etruscan Banquets," in R.D. De Puma and J.P. Small, eds., Murlo and the Etruscans. Art and Society in Ancient Etruria (Madison, 1994) 85-94.
- Smith, T.J. Komast Dancers in Archaic Greek Art. Oxford and New York, 2010.
- Sparkes, B.A. "Kottabos: An Athenian After-Dinner Game," Archaeology 13 (1960) 202-07.
- Stafford, E.J. "Hangovers in Ancient Greece," Omnibus 41 (2001) 10-11.
- Starr C.G. "An evening with the flute-girls," PP 33 (1978) 401-10.
- Sutton, R.F., Jr. "The Good, the Base, and the Ugly: The Drunken Orgy in Attic Vase Painting and the Athenian Self," in B. Cohen, ed., Not the Classical Ideal: Athens and the Construction of the Other in Greek Art (Leiden, Boston, and Köln, 2000) 180-202.
- Sweet, W.E. Sport And Recreation In Ancient Greece: A Sourcebook With Translations. New York, 1987. [pp.199ff.]
- Topper, K. "Primitive Life and the Construction of the Sympotic Past in Athenian Vase Painting," AJA 113 (2009) 3-26.
- Topper, K. The Imagery of the Athenian Symposium. Cambridge, 2012.
- Varriano, J. Wine: A Cultural History. London, 2010.
- Venit, M.S. "Women in their Cups," CW 92 (1998) 117-30.
- Vickers, M. Greek Symposia. (Joint Association of Classical Teachers.) London, 1978.
- Vickers, M. "Attic Symposia after the Persian Wars," in O. Murray, ed. Sympotica: A Symposium On The Symposion (Oxford, 1990) 105-21.
- Wallace-Hadrill, A. Houses and Society in Pompeii and Herculaneum. Princeton, 1994.
- Wallace-Hadrill, A. "The Social Structure of the Roman House," BSR 56 (1988) 
- Wecowski, M. The rise of the Greek aristocratic banquet. Oxford and New York, 2014.
- Wilkins, J. "Land and Sea: Italy and the Mediterranean in the Roman Discourse of Dining," AJP 124 (2003) 359-75.
- Wilkins, J., D. Harvey, and M. Dobson, eds. Food in Antiquity. Exeter, 1996.
- Wilkins, J., and R. Nadeau, eds. A companion to food in the ancient world. Chichester and Malden, 2015.
- Wilson, T.M. Drinking Cultures: Alcohol and Identity. Oxford, 2005.
- Withington, P., and Angela McShane, eds. Cultures of intoxication. Oxford, 2014.
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