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Key to Worksheet for Reading Latin 4A



FORMS: The Imperfect

Give the appropriate forms.

  1. we were urging
    hortabamur

  2. he was beginning to write
    scribebat

  3. you (pl.) were growing angry
    irascebamini

  4. we were
    eramus

  5. you (sg.) used to acquire
    adipiscebaris / adipiscebare

  6. they were beginning to bind
    vinciebant

  7. she was setting out
    proficiscebatur

  8. they were refusing
    nolebant

  9. you (pl.) were leading
    ducebatis

  10. I was following
    sequebar

  11. we were suffering/enduring
    patiebamur

  12. I was able
    poteram

  13. we were holding
    tenebamus

  14. she was daring
    audebat

  15. they were seeming
    videbantur

  16. I was giving
    dabam

  17. you (pl.) were
    eratis

  18. you (sg.) were fleeing
    fugiebas

  19. you (pl.) were promising
    pollicebamini / promittebatis

  20. she was going
    ibat

FORMS: The Infinitive

Give the appropriate forms. For the sake of convenience, assume a masc. sg. subject.

  1. to have said
    dixisse

  2. to be about to set out
    profecturus esse

  3. to have gone
    ivisse

  4. to be about to believe
    crediturus esse

  5. to have completed
    perfecisse

  6. to be about to promise
    polliciturus esse / promissurus esse

  7. to have carried/led
    tulisse

  8. to be about to mock
    irrisurus esse

  9. to have been
    fuisse

  10. to be about to return/give back
    redditurus esse

  11. to have sent
    misisse

  12. to be about to conquer
    victurus esse

  13. to have had
    habuisse

  14. to be about to speak
    locuturus esse / dicturus esse

  15. to have been able
    potuisse

  16. to be about to suffer/endure
    passurus esse

  17. to have advised/warned
    monuisse

  18. to be about to capture
    capturus esse

  19. to be about to be
    futurus esse / fore

  20. to be about to give
    daturus esse

FORMS: Miscellaneous

Give the appropriate forms.

  1. those military forces (acc.) [contemptuous in tone]
    istas vires

  2. certain slaves (gen.)
    quorundam servorum

  3. that force/violence (acc.) [contemptuous in tone]
    istam vim

  4. a certain law (abl.)
    quadam lege

  5. that messenger (dat.) [contemptuous in tone]
    isti nuntio

  6. a certain rumor/report (acc.)
    quandam famam

  7. that young girl (gen.) [contemptuous in tone]
    istius virginis

  8. force/violence (abl.)
    vi

  9. a certain senate (dat.)
    cuidam senatui

  10. certain military forces (abl.)
    quibusdam viribus

SENTENCES: Indirect Discourse

Translate the following into idiomatic Latin.

  1. The slaves reported that Verres had killed the soldier.
    servi nuntiaverunt/nuntiavere Verrem militem necavisse.

  2. The slaves reported that Verres would kill the soldier.
    servi nuntiaverunt/nuntiavere Verrem militem necaturum esse.

  3. The slaves reported that Verres was killing the soldier.
    servi nuntiaverunt/nuntiavere Verrem militem necare.

  4. The prostitute said that the young man did not intend to flee. [See Grammar section 99.]
    meretrix negavit iuvenem fugiturum esse.

  5. The prostitute said that the young man was not fleeing.
    meretrix negavit iuvenem fugere.

  6. The prostitute said that the young man had not fled.
    meretrix negavit iuvenem fugisse.

  7. The rumor was that the army was defeating the enemy.
    fama erat exercitum hostis vincere.

  8. The rumor was that the army was going to defeat the enemy.
    fama erat exercitum hostis victurum esse.

  9. The rumor was that the army had defeated the enemy.
    fama erat exercitum hostis vicisse.

  10. She says that she would never do this. [See Grammar section 99.]
    negat se hoc umquam facturam esse.

  11. She says that she has never done this.
    negat se hoc umquam fecisse.

  12. She says that she never does this.
    negat se hoc umquam facere.

  13. They will say that they [themselves] are in charge of the army.
    dicent/affirmabunt se exercitui praeesse.

  14. They will say that they [themselves] were in charge of the army.
    dicent/affirmabunt se exercitui praefuisse.

  15. They will say that they [themselves] will be in charge of the army.
    dicent/affirmabunt se exercitui praefuturos esse.

Reading Latin: Grammar — Exercise 4 (p. 206)

Cicero dicit templum apud Agrigentinos esse non longe a foro. affirmat pulcherrimum simulacrum Herculis ibi esse. negat se pulchrius simulacrum quam illud umquam conspicatum esse. fama est Verrem servos quosdam armatos ad hoc templum repente nocte misisse. dicit hos concurrisse et templum expugnasse. affirmat custodes templi clamavisse et servis obsistere templumque defendere conatos esse. dicit eos [sc. iudices] mox et peiora et scelestiora audituros esse.


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