Index

Aborigines 2, 3; conscripts, 88-89; at March affair, 277, 334; minority, 340, 457, 478

Acheson, Dean, 388

"Acting President of China." See Li Tsung-jen

Africa, Bernarbe (Philippines Ambassador), 458

"Aid-China" programs: 19th century, 158; ECA, 361; proposals, 383; PoIities, 402; management, 159-160, 418

America the "God-Country," 80, 85, 215

American Army Advisory Croup. See U. S. Army

American "Big Brother" attitudes, 40, 83

American Consulate (Taipei): housing problem, 84, 93--94; representation needed, 91; re reportage, 148, 224, 353; Okinawan , problem 149-150; traditional work, 143-144; postwar schizophrenia, 146-148, 223; March affair, 259--261; Formosan guard volunteers, 311; "harbors communists," 352-353

American Embassy: crisis alert, 31L2313; confusion, 320-325; protests Sun Fo's remarks, 352; Nanking closed, 364, 376; Taipei opened, 386; reports to Washington, 408attacked, 411-413.

American political strife exploited, 401

American prestige, 77, 80, 94, 149; shared with UNRRA, 182-183; damaged,472

Americans in Formosa: 19th century, 5; UNRRA staff, 81L, 182; military personnel, 84-86,406; "fact-finding" visitors, 114; MacArthur, 404-405; civilians, 408-409

Ando Rikichi (General), 62, 65, 78. 79

Anti-Americanism: Chinese military, 75-76, 84-85, 249, 387; UNRRA belittled, 183; civilian, 225-227, 229-231, 348, 351-352; demonstrations, 228-231, 411-413; Communist, 346-347, 440-442

"Appeal for justice," 472

Appeals and petitions: a problem, 49, .154, 253; re Okinawan relief, 150; plague, 180; business opportunities, 206; for intervention, 214-215, 284-285, 306-307, 343; to General Marshall, 250-251; to U.N., 257; re dum-dum bullets, 264; for understanding, 266; from aborigines, 277; to Wedemeyer, 455; to SCAP, 459

Army Advisory Group. See U. S. Army Advisory Group



500 Index





Atlantic Charter, 347



BIS (Bureau of Investigation and Statistics ), 68

Bank of Taiwan, 121, 128; currency control, 127, 245; loans, 248; Yen Chia-kan, 418

Brinkmanship, 429, 430, 465

British interests, 4, 375, 454, 465

Bubonic plague, 179, 3L8o

Bullitt, William, 383



C.A.V. (China Air Volunteers), 76

C-C Clique, Kuomintang, 354, 369

CMSNC. See China Merchants Steam Navigation Company

CNRRA. See Chinese National Relief and Rehabilitation Administration

Cairo Conference, 23, 27; Declaration, 23, 37, 43, 205; Formosan view, 250-251 Casualty estimates, March affair, 310, 315,319

Catto, Robert J. (Director, USIS Taipei), xv, 148, 292, 352, 441 Central News Agency, Taipei, 3.54

Chao Lien-fang (Agriculture and Forestry Commissioner), 114, 125, 127

Chase, William C. (Major General, U. S. Army), 406, 407

Chen Cheng (KMT General, Govemor, Premier), 366, 376, 385, 447 Chen Ching-wen (RR Bureau), 90, 114,134,168,272

Chen Li-fu (KMT leader), 354-355, 373

Chen Yi (KMT General, Governor); career, 47-50, 52-56; "Necessary State Socialism," 54-55, 124-141, passim; becomes Governor, 74-75, 77-79; and Americans, 92--93, 96; lampooned, 97; aides, 113-114; adniinistration, 115-116; and PPC'S, 120, 196-200, 221; and police system, 190; creates settlement committee, 259; cancels committee, interprets uprising, 294; vengeance lists, 299; Fukien-Formosa records compared, 300; Chiang's support, 307-308; dismissed, 316; praised, 332-333; withdrawal, 333-336; rewards, 337, 367; arrested, 368; executed, 396

Cheng, Stanway N. W., 154, 225, 227, 261, 317, 361

Cheng Cheng-kung. See Koxinga

Chiang Ching-kuo (KMT General): security chief, 367, 368, 39 IL; "Crown Prince," 393--395, 486; American Embassy "incident" (1957), 411-412; conversion, 415; Conlon Report, 433; "communist conspiracies, 11 435; and Peking, 442, 443; destroys critics, 445-450; succession prospects inspire fear, 469; personality, policies, reviewed by Governor Wu, 480-486

Chiang Family, 50-52, 110, 384

Chiang " Kai-shek: "Leader of Democracy, 21; uncertain ally, 23; Cairo, 24; wartime demands, 32; warrior, 33-34; National Leader, 41; Chen Yi appointment, 48-50; alliance with Soong Family, 50-53; Party Leader (Tsungtsai), 51, 117, 373; reception at Taipei, 216; on March affair, 307; dismisses, rewards ChenYi, 316, 332-333, 337, 367; and Ambassador Stuart, 322-325; and rival Li Tsung-jen, 356, 376; retirement, 372; resumes presidency, 392-393; dynastic ambitions, 393- 394, 469, 486; leashed and unleashed, 407, 428, 429, 430; Christian leader, 41.3-43 5; dismisses Wu, 422; and opposition political parties, 444-447; reacts to critics, 449, 483,484

Chiang Mei-ling (Mine. Chiang): at Cairo, 23-24; marriage and family, 50-52; China Aid (UNRRA), 159-160; Taipei visit, 217; visits U.S.A., 364-365; asks three billion dollars further aid, 383

Chiang-Soong, interests and Aid-to-China, 159-160

Chiang-Wedemeyer Agreement, 45, 55

Chiang Wei-chuan, 238,282

Chiang Wei-sui, 282

Chien Chung-chi, 161-162



501 INDEX



China Assignment, 406, 409--4 10

China Customs Service, 172

China Digest, 440

China Merchants Steam Navigation Company (CMSNC), 113-114,136, 16o,171,244 China News Service, 317, 318-319, 352

China Petroleum Company (Taiwan Branch), 139

China Youth Federation (Peking), 439

Chinese: pioneers on Formosa, 3-4; fear of aborigines, 277 AND FORMOSA, early history, 2-6; "degraded" islanders, 72, 197, 332, 333; attitudes toward, 114-115, 135, 237-238; fear KMT troops, 103; fear aborigines, 277; traditional view of government, 333; fear of reprisals, 349--350; factional interests, 443; assimilation problem, 444. See also Formosa, China DEROGATORY REMARKS BY: Lieutenant General Keh, 72; by Education Commissioner Fan, .197; by Chen Yi, 295; by Chiang Kai-shek, 307

Chinese Air Force (CAF), 72, 75, 76, 99; vs. Chen Yi, 138, 241; attacks on mainland, 395, 428, 429

Chinese Communists: and Patrick Hurley, 34, 42-43; Nanking negotiations, 216; British interests, 375; capital at Peking, 377; feared by Formosans, 389; military threat, 400; J. F. Dulles, 426-427; in Fukien, 428; Quemoy-Matsu, 430; and February Incident, 437; on Formosa Question, 434-442; propose "liberation," 437- 439; agents on Formosa, 439; propaganda, 440; Hong Kong agents, 455, 457-458. See also Communism in Formosa; Communists; etc.

Chinese intelligence services, World War 11, 11-15, 33

Chinese Nationalist Army. See Nationalist Army

Chinese Nationalist Navy. See Nationalist Navy

Chinese National Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (CNRRA): organization and exploitation, 161-167, 183; vs. UNRRA in the Pescadores, 16g--173; public health work, 174-182

Chinese 19th Route Army, 53

Cholera epidemic ( 1946), 179-181

Christianity: and China Aid, 158, 413-414; exploited for economic and political gain, 359-360, 400-401,413-415

Christian missions, 17th-century, 2

Chu Chen-tse, 438

Churchill, Sir Winston, 23, 24, 26

"Citizens' Freedom Safe-Guarding Committees," 207-208

Civil Affairs Handbooks for Taiwan (Formosa), 16, 29-30, 71 Civil Service examinations, 196

Cleary, Francis X. (Captain, USN), 30

Cleaves, Francis (Lieutenant Commander, USNR), 30

Clement, Paul (UNRRA-Taiwan), 302

Coal production problems, 110, 168

Commissioners under Chen Yi, 96, 98, 103, 105, 113-116, passim

Committee to Defend America by Aiding Anti-Communist China, 382

Committee to Settle the Monopoly Bureau Incident. See Settlement Committee

Commodity price indices ( 1945-1946), 341

Communism in Formosa: before 1945, 38, 232; Chiang's excuse for punitive action, 324 Communist China: overshadowing Formosa, x, 431; prepares "liberation," 437-438; Russian support, 442

Communist China and Taiwan (Conlon Report), 431

"Communist" label exploited, 70, 425

Communist propaganda: anti-American, 346-347, 44-441; re Shanghai attacks, 375; exploits February 28 incident, 437, 441

502 INDEX



Communists: and Nationalists, 42; on Formosa, 70, 278-279, 321-322, 435-436, 439; "wanted" list, 343; in Fukien, 428-431; and Formosans in China, 437-439, 442; re Formosan separatism, 439, 442; organization, 439; in Hong Kong, 440, 457-458

Communist system and Chiang, 479

Confiscated Japanese property: values, 105-106; registration, management, 120-123; Confiscated Property Commission, 127, 243; Formosan expectations, 124, 243- 244

Colon Report on Formosa situation, 41-7, 431-433

Conscription: proposed, 103, 204-205, 241; reaction, 390; under Gen'l. Sun Li-jen, 393, 424, 425

Constitutional issue, 201-203, 234-235, 236; guarantees postponed, 240, 289; promised by Chiang, 308

Constitution Promotion Association of Taiwan, 218

"Continental view" of Formosa, 1, 22, 388

Courts of Law, 188-190

Crises at Taipei: (1945), 61-62; (1946), 137-138, 221.-223; (1947), 256-293;(1950),396

Currency controls, 245, 246



"Declaration of Taichung Prefectural Administrative Committee for Emergency," 283-284

"Degraded Formosans," 72, 197, 330, 457,463

Democratic Socialist Party, 445

De-neutralization, 407

Dewey, Thomas (lawyer), 383

Diplomacy: missionary approach, 22, 40; paralysis, 326, 376

"Dogs go and pigs come!" 97, 215

Drugs and medicines: confiscated, 111-113; monopolized, 176

Dulles, John Foster (U. S. Secretary of State), 6, 426-428; leashes Chiang, 429-431

Dum-dum bullets incident, 260, 264

Durdin, Tillman (joumalist), xiv., 320, 371, 395



Economics: disaster year (1946), 127 et seq.; rehabilitation potential 162; overall decline (1947-50), 339; Japanese base, 416; recovery propaganda, 417; management, 418

Education: budget allotments, 129; schools, pupils exploited, 130-131; Commissioner vs. PPC'S, 197; record reviewed, 198-199, 2,39, lower schools agitated, 229- 230; "Thanksgiving Day," 336; higher schools disorganized, 341-342. See also National Taiwan University, Students

Eisenhower, Dwight President, U.S.A.), 39, 406-407; unleashes Chiang, 428; re-leashes, 429, 4,30

Elections; qualifications, 194-196; postponed, 242; promised, 391; clean campaign issue, 445-447; Police interference, 483

Electric power: damaged plants, 35; American financial interests, 136; costs (1946), 168; management (March, 1947), -272, 273

Employment problems. See Unemployment

English-language study, 206-207, 213, 225, -252, 349

Expatriate Formosans: wartime China, 14-15; Home Rule Movement, 40, 45; and Chen Yi's appointment, 55; in China after 1945, 437-439; and Chiang Ching-kuo, 444; in Hong Kong, 452-454, 456; in Japan, 459, 460, 466

Extortion rackets: collaboration charges, 68, 102; hoarding, 108; vagtancy, re-education, 120; UNRRA's admission to China, 160; for d court orders, 188-if3g; police racke- 191-192; exchange controls, black markets, commercial operations, 244-247; March affair, 305, 343; pao-chia system, 334, 335; Thomas Liao trapped, 470





503 INDEX



"Face": W. W. II intelligence reports, 12; KMT soldiers' cowardice, 73-74; Formosans jeer at mainland Chinese, 76, 99, 104-105, 115, 190; Americans involved, 77,'83-85, 92, 94; problems re UNRRA-CNRRA operations, 159-160; vengeance cases, 178, 191, 239, 303, 313; "national honor" issue, 271, 350, 463; and revenge, 303-306, 309-310, 335-336; Chiang Kai-shek and Japanese, 309

Fact-finding visitors, 114, 155, 237, 345,417

Factions, 115, 200, 457-458

Fan Shou-kang (Education Commissioner), 197, 198-199

February 28 Incident ("2-28 Incident"), 254-258, 341; Communist use, 437, 441; Formosan use, 465, 468

Fertilizer import program exploited, 166-167

Finance Commissioner. See Yen Chia-kan, Jen Hsien-chuen

Fisheries: industry plans, 129; ships requisitioned, 389

Food problems: military stockpiles raided, 96, 106-108; civilian supply threatened, 108, 162, 163, 234, 263

Foreign correspondents, columnists: William D. Newton, (Washington Post), 95-96, 145-146, 156, 211, 320; Ronald Stead, (Christian Science Monitor), 156; Tillman Durdin, (New York Times), 320, 371, 395; Christopher Rand, 320, 353; Henry Lieberman, 353; Constantine Brown, 362; Drew Pearson, 362; Clyde Farnsworth, 370; Hanson Baldwin, 382; Hamilton Butler (Detroit Free Press), 389, A. J. Liebling, (The New Yorker), 403; ENTERTAINED, 156; maligned, 320; criticized by Sun Fo, 351, 352

Foreign investments, prewar, 136

Foreign press notices, 145-146, 155-156, 363; Portland Oregonian, Seattle Times, 31g; Baltimore Sun, 364; London Daily News, 370; London Economist, 376; New York Times, 381; Look Magazine, 423

Foreign Service. See U. S. Department of State

Foreigners in Formosa: 17th century Japanese, Dutch, and Spanish settlements, 2, 3-4, 128; British traders, 4; 19th century British, American, French, 5; post- surrender Annamese, Filipinos, Germans, Javanese, 152; UNRRA personnel, 157, 182; evacuation considered, 301, 312, 321; unwelcome witnesses, March affair, 343

Formosa (Taiwan): population, ix; frontier position, 1, 22, 381, 386, 388; early history, 2-5; maritirne world and, 5, 375; and Korea, 6, 396; provincial status in China, 5-6; cession to Japan, 6, 21, 27, 40; Postwar fate considered, 18-22; separatism, 20, 40, 235; military importance, 28-33; barrier island, 35; propaganda directed to, 36; reparations value, 37-38

Formosa surrendered, 39, 78; Japanese resistance proposed, 65; ex'eluded from U. S. defense line, 381, 386,388

Formosa Comrades Society, 45

FORMOSAgram, 467

Formosan Association (Tokyo), 468

Formosan Communists, 435, 440, 455; censured by Peking, 422. See also Hsieh Hsueh-hung, Hsieh Nankuang

Formosan Democratic League, 313

Formosanism (tract by T. W-Y. Liao), 465

Formosan Magazine, The, 210, 211, 213; last issue, 252

Formosan People's Association (Taiwan Political Reconstruction Association), 207

Formosan People's Revolutionary Party, 46

Formosan Quarterly, The, 468

Formosan Reader's Association, 467

Formosan Revolutionists' League, 46



504 INDEX



Formosans: frontiersmen, 3; and Japan, 14, 29, 40, 61, 86, 215, 371, 390, 460-462; in wartime China, 14, 45-47, 437; expectations Of, 38, 61, 63-64, 72, 80, 124, 472; conscripts, 89-90, 307; and the ChiangSoong Family 110, 204, 215, 21L7, 469, 471; editorials by, 207-215, 235, 236, 237, 288-289; letters of re postwar situation, 338, 344, 349, 368-369, 388-390, 421, 453, 459; mixed race, 456, 457; and Ambassador Rankin, 409--410; clubs in America, 466; in U.S.A. and Canada, 466-467 AND THE U.S.A.: 29, 38, 61, 63, 72-73; liberators, 76; knowledge of, 80-81; expectations, 80, 205-206, 326, 344, 349-350; gratitude, 80, 85-86, 215; POW's attitudes, 87-88, 214, 311; consular programs, 147-148; on American responsibility, 210, 211-212, 215, 472; reaction to policy, 388-390; on independence issue, 451-454. See also Appeals and petitions, Formosan letters, etc. AND CHINA AND THE MAINLAND CHINESE "Dogs Go and Pigs Come" attitude, 97, 215, 257, 262, 279, 326, 349; resentments and protests, 107, 116, 128, 132, 141, 167, 1.78; relations reviewed in PPC Assembly, 197-198; estrangement, 288-289, 344; foreign press comment, 370-371; assimilation problem, 459-460. See also "Face" AND THE UN, 204, 205, 456; neutralization Policy, 398; LEADERSHIP OF, 252, 381-382, 444, 451, 471. See also Home Rule Movement

Formosans for Free Formosa, 466

Formosan Youth Association (Taiwan Chinglian Hue), 468

Formosan Youth Magazine, 225

Formosa Question: minimized at Washington, 21-22, 39, 327-328, 330; in American domestic politics, 398,401-402,414 Formosa Revolutionary Party, 46

"Formosa Scanda!" (Washington Post series, 1946), 145

Foster, John W. (former U. S. Secretary of State), 6, 27

"Fourteen Points" of Woodrow Wilson, 40

Fox, Alonzo (Major General, U. S. Army), 406

"Free China" propaganda, 382, 410, 413, 416

Free China (Taipei), 466

Freedom of speech, press, and assembly, 207, 228, 482-483

Frontier island, 1, 63, 325, 326

Fugh, Phillip (Ambassador Stuart's secretary), 322-323, 386

Fukien Province, 5, 53-56, 300



Gangsters (military, "tiger eels," "Blue Shirts"), 100, 108-109, 119, 191-192

Gauss, Clarence E. (Ambassador), 41, 42

Generalissimo. See Chiang Kai-shek

Gentry class, 40, 109, 338, 420-421

Gilam, scene of massacre of leaders, 306

Grass Mountain (Tsaoshan), 372

Green Island (Lu Tao; Kasho-to), 310

Government budget ( 1946), 129



Hainan Island, 89, 385, 395

"Hate foreigners" campaign, 224, 231, 320

Heito (Ping-tung), 14, 277, 305, 3.36

Hermanson, Miss Hildur, R.N. (Mackay Memorial Hospital), 293

Hirschy, Dr. Ira D. (Chief Medical Officer, UNRRA-Taiwan), xiv, 164, 177, 302, 305-306

Home Guard issue, 104, 222, 241, 268, 308,390

Home Rule Association, 207

Home Rule Movement, 15, 35, 39; leaders, 35, 39, 196, 203; Wilsonian ideas, 40; and expatriates, 45; expectations, 80-81; idealism, 452

Hong Kong: British interests and Formosa, 143, 375; refuge and waystation, 440, 452-454, 457-458



505 INDEX



Ho Ying-chin (General, Premier), 65-66, 373-374

Hsieh Hsueh-hung ("Miss Snow Red"), 278, 343, 435-436, 458

Hsieh Nan-kuang (Communist turncoat), 14, 46, 70; and Chen Yi, 367, 438

Hsinchu (Shinchiku) district, 13, 33, 266,277

Hsin Sheng Pao ("New Life Daily"), 208, 237, 294, 314

Hsu Dau-Iin (Secretary General), 338

Hua Shang Pao (Hong Kong), 346

Hualien (Karenko) district and city, 277,340

Huang Chao-chin ("professional Formosan"): Foreign Affairs representative, 154; PPC Assembly Chairman, 155, 196, 227; Taipei mayor, 191; Chen Yi's man, 265, 272; rewarded, 298; meets Wedemeyer, 345; vs. Govemor Wu, 392

Hurley, Patrick (Ambassador), 24, 34; advocates Nationalist-Communist coalition, 42-43; harasses career officers, 44, 359

Hu Shih (scholar, diplomat), 445, 449



Ickes, Harold (columnist), 362

Ilha Formosa ("Beautiful Formosa"), xiv, 467

Independence: potential assessed, 19, 198; idea rejected, 235-236, 284, 288-289, 342; propaganda and activity, 451-472. See also Intervention

Independent Formosa, 468

Industries: wartime damage, 35, 226, 320; rehabilitation, 109, 139-140

Inflation, 66, 69, 125, 339

Information controls (Taipei), 313, 317

Intelligence reports problems, World War II, 11-12

Internal security controls, 368, 395

Intervention: ideas of, 235, 250-251, 306; opposed, 236, 332, 455; proposals, 325, 326; arguments for, 327, 453, 458; UN trust desired, 334-335, 344. 362-363, 371, 389, 459; Formosan disappointment, 346, 350, 388-389; S. plots invasion!" 347-348; awaited, 349, 371; Probability tested by Nationalists, 361-362; idea rejected by Truman, 386-387; Communist "liberation," 433, 437-438, 441, 444

"Island X," 28, 30



JCRR. See joint Commission on Rural Reconstruction

Japan and Formosa: before 1895, 2, 5; acquisition, 6, 26-27, 198; economic development, 6, 11, 12-13, 197; prefectural status promised, 35; sovereignty, 39, 428

Japanese: military operations in Fukien, 33, 34, 53; surrender, 37, 61-62, 78; reaction to U.S.A., 64-65, 92, 151; interim government, property registration, 65; post-surrender cooperation, 67, 101; police, 719 187, 190, 191; military properties, 75, 101, 106-107; massacre of proposed, 86; civilian living problems, 91, 100; property transfer problems, 92, 105-106, 111, 120-123; repatriation, 93, 96, 107, 212; interned troops, 96, 107; technicians retained, 116, 129, 131, 178, 304; Okinawan problem, 149-151; language problem, 189; and Chinese loss of face, 221, 271, 3099 33.0; influence feared, 314, 315; attitude toward Formosa and Formosans, 460-462

Japanese Peace Treaty, 428

Japanese Property Custodian Board, 188

Japanese Property Registration Commission, 121-122

"Japanese-tainted" Formosans, 72; conscripts, go; influence denied, 212; acknowledged, 215; Chinese view, 226; appeal to General Marshall, 250; Generalissimo's view, 307; General Pai's view, 319; Washington's view, 330; in Fukien, 332; British comment, 371; Lim Hsien-tang maligned, 463



506 INDEX



Jardine-Matheson Company ("Jardine's"), 245, 247

Jen Hsien-chuen (Communications Commissioner), 114, 135, 273, 277; becomes Finance Commissioner, 392

Jen Min Tao Pao ("People's Herald), 209

Jessup, Dr. Phillip (Ambassador), 30, 381,458

Joint Commission on Rural Reconstruction (JCRR), 419-421

Joint Liaison Office, 65



KMT (Kuomintang). See Nationalist Party

Kaohsiung Cement Works, 172

Kaohsiung (Takao) city and district, 35, 66, 73, 249; atrocities, 303-304, 335-336

Keelung City, 2, 10, 14, 35; rehabilitation, 66; coal production, 110; Nationalists arrive, 73, 291; vengeance, 304

Keh King-en (Secretary General), derides Formosans, 72, 73, 75; nepotism, 115, 133; challenged, 137; " bad egg," 332

Keh Kuo-chi (PPC member), 197-198, 201

Keibi Village raid, 192

Kennedy, John F., 446

King, Ernest J. (Admiral, USN), 24, 33

King, T. S. (Director, Public Health Bureau), 169-176, 339; and malaria, 177; and cholera, 179-180; and leprosy, 182

Kingdom of "Tung-tu" (Koxinga's Kingdom of Formosa), 4, 466

Knowland, William S. (U. S. Senator), 382,409

Korea, 6, 26, 37; Chiang's visit, 374; frontier question, 388; crisis, 396; status, 456

Ko Shih-Iin (anti-Nationalist stowaway), 461

Koxinga (Chen Cheng-kung), 4, 128, 465-466

Ko Yuen-feng (Garrison Commander), 108, 199, 268, 269, 271, 277

Kremlin, the, 390, 399

Kung Hsiang-hsi (H. H. Kung), 50, 52, 54; and UNRRA program, 159; retirement to U.S.A., 384; associates, 418

Kuomintang (KMT). See Nationalist Party

Kuomintang Youth Corps, 117, 197; K. C. Wu's observations, 481-483, 485

Kurile Islands, 26, 37



Labor conscripts, 87-89, 437

Labor problems, 66, 141, 233-234

"Lame-duck" administration (1945), 66

Land problems: confiscation, 75; tax increase, 239; management policies, 243-244; landlords, rent reduction, 419-421

"Land-to-the-Tiller" program, 420

Law and order, 187-193, 199; . vigilante committees, 208; March affair, 268-269, 279; police statism, 481-482

Leadership problems, 252, 381-382, 467-468

League for the Re-Emancipation of Formosa, 457

League for Self-Determination for Formosans (Canada), 467

Leahy, William D. (Admiral, USN), 23,24,25

Lederer, William (Captain, USN), 411

Legal Affairs Department, 189

Legal status question, 205, 235, 280, 323, 327-328; British interest, 465 Lei Chen (editor), 446, 447-448

Leigh, S. Y. ("Admiral Li Tsu-yi"), 74, 156

Lend-Lease Aid for China, 158

Leprosarium report, UNRRA, 181.182

Liaison Group. See U. S. Army Advisory Group

Liao, Joshua Wen-ki, 201.-202, 235, 252; imprisoned, 455-456; opposes trusteeship, 458; seeks intervention, 458-460



507 INDEX



Liao, Thomas Wen-yi, 201-202, 203; on constitutionalism, 238; at Hong Kong, 454-455; at Manila, 458; in Japan, 463-466, 467; loses Formosan support, 469-470; abandons position, 470-471

Liberation propaganda (W.W. II, 36, 63, 81; realities of, 103; inappropriate, 219-221; American line questioned, 252; Communist line, 434, 437-442

Liberty Weekly (Tzu Yu Pao), 210, 211 1, 225

Lim Hsien-tang (Rin Kendo): Home Rule Movement, 39, 45; at Nanking, 65; pushed aside, 196, 203; publisher, 209; at Tokyo, 462-463

Lim Mou-sheng (Rin Mo-sei, Minpo editor), 207, 209, 289; killed, 298

Lin Wen-kwei (Chinese Air Force "liberator"), 76

Li Tsung-jen (Acting President), 356, 37-374, 376; goes to Washington, 377, 384, 385; and President Truman, 392-393; defects to Peking, 471

Loma ("tiger eels"). See Gangsters

Look Magazine, 423

Looting, 97-103, 2972 371

"Lost province" propaganda line, 19, 21,309

Loyal Service Corps, 269, 299

Lucky Bar listening post, 1,56-157

Lu Tao (Green Island) concentration camp, 310

Luzon island, 2, 9, 31

"Luzon us. Formosa" question, 32



MAAG. See U. S. Military Assistance Advisory Group

MacArthur, Douglas (General, U. S. Army; SCAP), in the Philippines, 9, 28, 32; and Chiang Kai-shek, 39, 44; repatriation orders, 96, 149; and Congressional leaders, 382; exploits Formosa issue, 404-406

MacKaye Mission Memorial Hospital, 102, 292-293

MacNider, Hanford (Brigadier General, U. S. Army), 87

Maene Hisaichi (fisheries expert), 129

Makung (Mako), Pescadores, 2, 169-171

Malaria, 170, 171, 177

Manchuria, 25, 26, 36, 37, 71; Wedemeyer's recommendation, 345; Chen Cheng's reputation, 369

Mao Ng-chang (KMT General), 314

Mao Tse-tung (Communist leader), 34, 442

March affair (1947 uprising), 257-315; and Taichung area, 278, 280; social retrogression after, 339--340

Marshall, George C. (statesman, General, U. S. Army), 24, 216; petitioned, 243, 250-251, 344

Martial law, 258, 263, 295, 341

McCarran, Pat (U. S. Senator), 383

McDonald, John J. (Foreign Service officer), 389

"Memoirs of a Japanese Professor in Taiwan," 226

"Memorandum on the Situation in Taiwan" (White Paper), 323, 475-479

Military Assistance Advisory Group (MAAG), See U. S. Military Assistance Advisory Group

Min Pao (Minpo, Mimpo; "People's journal"), 207, 208, 209, editorials, 218, 289; editor killed, 218; press destroyed, 313

Minpo. See Min Pao

Missions and missionaries: as informants, 10; and Politics, 24, 40, 359-360; hopes for China, 48-49, 322; and ideal Soong Family, 51, 36o; philanthropy, 158; schools, 336; propaganda, 413-415

"Miss Snow Red." See Hsieh Hsueh-hung

"Mixed race" idea, 456, 457

Monopolies: under Japan, 111, 129-130; under Chen Yi, 125-126, 243-247; reforms demanded, 286

Monopoly Bureau Incident ("February 28 Incident"), 254-256, 259, 307 Morgan, J. P., Company, 136

Moriya Kazuo (dliplomat), 65









508 INDEX



Mukai Clinic incident, 178, 304



Nanking surrender and conference, 65

Narcotics stockpiles, 111-113

"National and racial standpoint," 271, 289

Nationalist Air Force, 75, 76, 83, 375, 428-429

Nationalist Army: garrison forces, 73, 267, 268, 269; as scavengers, 97-98; and PPC'S, 199; pledges, 267; punitive action, 281, 288, 290; reforms demanded, 286, 478; punitive forces, 291-292; exercise, 343; fate on mainland, .385; purge on Formosa, 395; KMT Party controls, 480

Nationalist budget, 408

Nationalist Navy, 249, 354-355; Wuling affair, 387

Nationalist Party (KMT; Kuomintang): cliques, 47, 137, 316, 354, 369; opposition to, 109, 201, 444-450, 484; Organization, activities, 117-121, 479; elections, 194- 196, 391; reforms demanded, critics eliminated, 447-450; Governor Wu's observations, 479-485

Nationalist propaganda, 153-156, 225-226, 320; Sun Fo's blast, 352-353; methods, 357, 398-402,414-415

National Resources Commission (NRC), 139

National Taiwan University, 341, 369, 468

"Necessary State Socialism": in Fukien province, 54-55; on Formosa, 98, 126, 137. See also Chen Yi

Nepotism, 115

Neutralization, 398, 407, 471

"New China" ideal, 64, 80, 117, 182

New Culture Association, 342

New Life Movement, 48

New Taiwan Monthly (Shin Taiwan Gekkan), 225

Newton, William D. (Correspondent), 95-96, 145-146, 156

Nimitz, Chester W. (Admiral, USN), 28, 32, 33

Normal College (Taipei), 369



OSS. See Office of Strategic Services

Occupation anticipated: by U. S. Navy, 29-31; by Formosans, 206, 388-389; by Communists, 437

October 25, 3945 (Surrender Day), 72, 78

Office of Strategic Services (OSS), 16, 69-70, 95; reports KMT Army behavior, 148

Offshore islands issue, 428-431

Okinawa campaign ("Operation Iceberg"), 31-32

Okinawans, in Formosa, 149-151

"Operation Causeway" (proposed Formosan campaign), 28, 29, 30, 33

"Operation Iceberg," (Okinawa campaign), 32



POW'S. See Prisoners of War

PPC'S. See Peoples Political Councils

Pai Chung-hsi (KMT General), 314-315, 318-319, 320-321, 374

Paine, Edward Eckerdt (UNRRA-Taiwan Reports Officer), xiv, 256, 363

Pao chia mutual responsibility system, 333-334

Pao Ko-yung (Mining and Industry Commissioner), 114, 125, 127, 134, 138, 140

Paper industry, 130-131

Park, Dr. Richard, 431

Pauker, Dr. Guy, 431

Peace Preservation Corps, 72, 3.00, 174

Peace treaties: San Francisco 25, 428; Shimonoseki, 27

Peck, Willys (diplomat), 24

Peking Government (People's Republic of China), 377, 400, 434

Penghu. See Pescadores

Peng Meng-Chi (KMT General), 276, 303,341,426

Pen Ming-min case, 468-469

Peoples Political Councils (PPC's), 46, 120; 1st Assembly, 194-201; National Assembly, 201, 203; 2nd Taipei Assembly, 221-222; representation on Settlement Committee, 258, 266, 272, 286, 294; reform demands, 445-477

Perry, Matthew C. (Commodore,



509 INDEX



USN) proposes joint Sino-American administration, 5, 43.7

Pescadores (Penghu), 2, 26; relief problems, 168-171

Philippine Islands, The, 1, 9, 20, 28-29, 32; independence, 38, 64, 81L; POW's in, 88, 214; Chiang's visit, 374; frontier line, 388; Formosa's fate, 458, 460

Ping-tung (Heito), 14, 2772 305, 336

Plebiscites: desired by Formosans, 215, 335; Hong Kong story, 347; idea tested in U.S.A., 362-363; Vandenberg suggests, 387; Dulles hints, 431; Conlon Report, 433; jurist's view, 458; appeals circulated 459, 472

Plum Mansion, 67

Police: transfer, 190-193, 265; Harbor, 273, 246; Monopoly Bureau, 254, 255; Railway Bureau, 260, 273; Loyal Service Corps, 268-269; reforms demanded, 286; informants, 342; brutality, 191, 449; under Chiang Ching-kuo, 366, 391; numbers, 395; Wu warns Generalissimo, 422,482,483

Police Training Institute, 193

Political Science Group (KMT), 47, 137,316

Population growth, 417

Postwar Civil Affairs Office (Taipei), 65

Postwar policy considerations, 18-19, 431-433

Press freedom, 209, 483

Prestige problems. See "Face"

Prison conditions (Koahsiung, 1946), 193

Prisoners of War and internees: Allied, 172 67, 69, 82; Formosan, 88, 214, 311; Japanese, 96, 107

Propaganda: American wartime, 17-18, 21, 36-1 "lost province" line, 19, 26, 309; post-surrender, 36, 63, 81, 219--221; "New China" theme, 64, 80, 117, 182; for "fact-finders," 114, 154-155, 318, 345, 417; antiUNRRA, 177, 183; anti-American, 2,25-227, 261, 267, 312-313, 320; Formosans demand correction of, 272; Communist, 434,437, 442

Provincial Government Information Service, 154, 225-227, 316-320

Provincial Training Corps Program, 117, 478-479

Provisional Government of Taiwan Province (1945), 47

Provisional National Congress of the Republic of Formosa (at Tokyo), 465

Psychological warfare, 16-17

Public Health problems, 100, 169-170, 173-182



Quarantine Service, 173, 179

Quemoy-Matsu problem, 428-431



"Race" as an issue, 215, 226, 271, 289, 320,332

Railway Bureau (Taiwan Railway Administration), 110, 134-135, 260, 272-273 Railway Workers Service Corps, 273

Rand, Christopher (Joumalist), 320, 353

Rankin, Karl Lott (Ambassador), 406, 408-410, 412, 413

Reform demands (March, 1947), 258-272, passim; Chen Yi's comment, 274; Youth League proposals, 282; Taichung regional committee proposals, 283-284; Taipei statement completed, 285; summary, 286-287; text, 475-479

Rehabilitation: begun by Japanese, 66; frustrated, 101; UNRRA-CNRRA program, 158-183; resumed, 416421

Rehabilitation and guidance center (Vocational Guidance Camp), 120; 479

Reparations problem, 92, 122-123, 188

Repatriation: of Japanese, 71, 89, 93, 96, 100, 122; Of aborigenes, 88-89; of Formosans, 89-90, 214, 311; Okinawan problem, 149-151

Republican Party and Chiang, 359, 383, 398-41.4, passim



510 INDEX



Republic of Taiwan, 387, 433

Rin Kendo. See Lim Hsien-tang

Roosevelt, Franklin D.: wartime decisions, 23-25, 31, 32, 34, 37, 68; as symbol of democracy, 36, 389

Rotary International (Taipei), 351

Round Park murders, 191, 254

"Rubber-type Army," 403

Russia, 24, 26, 28; enters war, 36; military growth, 358, 399; and Peking, 377, 442; and UN, 387; Wedemeyer proposal, 398; Dulles' plan, 427; shipping attacked by Nationalists, 429

Ryukyu Island, The (Okinawa), 15, 33, 37



SWNCC. See State, War and Navy Coordinating Committee

SCAP (Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers), 150, 205, 376, 459. See also MacArthur, Douglas

Saghalin (Karafuto), 26, 37

Salt Monopoly, 130

San Francisco Treaty, 25, 428

Scalapino, Dr. Robert A. (political scientist), ix-xi, xv, 431

Separatism, Formosan tradition Of, 4, 20, 40; Keh's warning, 197; appeal to Marshall, 250

Settlement Committee (Committee to Settle the Monopoly Bureau Incident), 258; enlarged, 265, 272; organization, 274-275; Executive Group, 285; betrayal, 291, 298; Chiang's comment on, 308

Shackleton, Allen J. (Industrial Rehabilitation Officer, UNRRA-Taiwan), 233, 303, 348

Shanhai: taken by Chiang (1927), 49-50; metropolitan press reaction to Chen Yi appointment, 55; May crisis ( 1946), 137-138; economic ties with Formosa, 172; January crisis (1947), 240-241, 248; reaction to March affair, 313-314; falls to Communists, 374-375; as refuge for Formosan expatriates, 452, 454

Shibuya Incident (Tokyo), 227-228

Shigemitsu Mamoru (Foreign Minister, Japan), 34

Shimonoseki Treaty (1895), 27, 389

Shun Pao (C-C Clique paper), 354

Sino-American Defense Treaty, 429

Sino-American development programs: Perry (1853-54), 5; military aid, 355, 406; dollar aid, 383, 408, 41L7; technical aid, 408-409; spiritual aid, 413; general, 416, 419--420

Sino-American joint Commission on Rural Reconstruction (JCRR), 419-421

Sino-American Military Training Program, 353

Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895), 27

"Situation in Taiwan" (Embassy memorandum for Chiang), 323-325, 475-479. See also United States Relations with China

Smith, Alexander (U. S. Senator), 382, 383,387

Smuggling, 129, 135, 188-189

Sneider, Vern (Author), 340

"Snow Red." See Hsieh Hsueh-hung

Society for the Discussion of Better Elections, 446

Society for the Study of Local Autonomy in Taiwan, 445

"Some Chinese Problems in Taiwan" (1945), 88

Soong Family, 50-52, 360, 366; E-ling (Mme. Kung), Ching-ling (Mme. Sun Yat-sen), 50, 384. See also Chiang Mei-ling; Soong T. V.

Soong T. V. (Sung Tze-wen): Foreign Minister, 15; President, Executive Yuan, 48, 110, 287; recommends Chen Yi. 48; family leader, 50-52; in wartime Washington, 136; expected at Taipei, 137; and LendLease aid, 158; UNRRA program, 159; Formosan views, 215, 338; recommended by Stuart, 325; Governor, Kwangtung province, 346; retires to New York, 384; continues influence, 391

Spanish interests, 2

Star-Spangled Banner Incident, 277-278



511 INDEX



State, War and Navy Coordinating Committee (SWNCC; Swink), 144

Status (sovereignty) issue: reversion demanded, 15; discussed, 18-22; promised (at Cairo), 25-26; conscription question, 104, 204-205, 241; State Department position, 144-145; as international question, 235; Formosans reject intervention, independence, 236, 289; Formosans seek intervention, 250--251, 325, 326, 334- 335, 344, 389--390, 434, 451-472, passim; questioned by Formosans, 280; Chinese view, 320, 332, 347; Formosans anticipate intervention, 334-335, 349; Formosans are disappointed, 350, 388-389; Sun Fo's view, 351; American opinion tested, 361-363; foreign observers' comment, 371; "territorial integrity," 381; Truman statement, 386-387; Republican views, 387; Ambassadorial equivocation, 409; Dulles on "territorial integrity," 427; Conlon Report, 433; Communist Chinese view, 434, 437, 440, 441; Russian view, 442

Stilwell, Joseph W. (Lieutenant General, U. S. Army), 24, 353

Stilwell Papers, The, 25

Strategic Survey of the Island of Taiwan (Formosa), 16, 71 Strikes ( 1946-47), 233-234

Stuart, Rev. J. Leighton (Ambassador), 253, 285, 321-325 passim; on LiChiang rivalry, 373-374; semi-retirement, 386

Students: vs. military instructors, 221; professional agitators, 229--230; strikes, 2,34; volunteer policing, 263, 269-270; casualty lists (March affair), 300-301.; required to make "thanksgiving" offerings, 336; overseas, 466-467; KMT Youth Corps activities, 482-483

Sturgeon, Leo Dallas (Foreign Service Officer), 92, 93

Succession problem at Taipei, 433, 471

Sugar industry, 109-110, 139, 31.8, 470

Sun Fo (KMT oligarch), 15, 52, 351-352, 373

Sungshan Railway Shops, 134

Sun Li-jen (Nationalist General), 353-354, 393; Rankin's notice, 409; views on Formosan conscripts, 424; cashiered, 425; house arrest, 448

Sun Yat-sen ("National Father"), 50, 118, 251, 282

Surrender by Japan, 37, 61-62, 78

Su Tung-chi case, 448-449, 469

Sylvain, Dr. Pierre (Agricultural Rehabilitation Officer, UNRRA-Taiwan), 343



Tachen Islands, 430

Taft, Robert (U. S. Senator), 387

Taichung Prefectural Administrative Committee for Emergency, declaration Of, 283-284

Taihoku. See Taipei

Taiko Kigyo Kaisha (Greater Public Enterprises Company), 124

Tainan city, 2, 238-239

Taipei (Taihoku), 17, 35; "temporary capital of China," 384

Taiwan. See Formosa

Taiwan Aluminum Manufacturing Company, 139

Taiwan Association of Shanghai, 275

Taiwan Chinglian Hue (Formosan Youth Association), 468

Taiwan Copper Mining Company, 139

Taiwan Cultural Promotion Association, 273

Taiwan Customs Service, 172, 173, 245-246

Taiwan Democratic Independence Party, 464

Taiwan Development Company, 121., 233

Taiwan Electric Power Corporation, 102, 121

Taiwanese. See Formosans

Taiwan Garrison Command, 287, 294, 308

Taiwan Garrison Symphony Orchestra, 99,115

Taiwan Govemment-General, 121, 308



512 INDEX



Taiwan Grand Shrine, 16-17

Taiwan in Anger (Fen Nu ti Taiwan), 441

Taiwan Industrial Enterprises Company, 140

Taiwan Lang (The Formosan), 467

Taiwan League for Democratic Self-Government, 439

Taiwan Medical Association, 177

Taiwan Navigation Company, 136, 244

Taiwan Pineapple Company, 132

Taiwan Political Reconstruction Association, 207, 228, 229, 236; appeals to Nanking, 242; appeals to American Consul, 284-285

Taiwan Provincial Health Bureau. See Public Health Service

Taiwan Pulp and Paper Company, 131

Taiwan Railway Administration. See Railway Bureau

Taiwan Recovery Training Corps, 438

Taiwan Shimpo (Taiwan News), 208

Taiwan Tea Corporation, 133

"Taiwan: The Marble Ball and the Marble Lion," 440-441

Taiwan Trading Bureau, 115, 133, 140

Taiwan Trading Company, 245, 247

Taiwan University. See National Taiwan University

Taiwan University Medical School, 177

Taiwan Youth (Tokyo), 468

Taiwan Youth League, 282

Taiwan Youth Report (Taipei), 210, 211,237

Taiyal (Atayal) tribesmen, 88-89

Takao. See Kaohsiung

Takasago settlement, 2

Ta Ming Pao (Taipei), 209, 237, 238

Tamsui, 144,305

Tang En-po, Defender of Shanghai, 375

Territorial Integrity of China, 381, 458

Terrorism, 68, 86, 191, 259; after March 10th, 297-307, 333, 341343; under Chiang Ching-kuo, .368, 394,446-450,481-483

Thanksgiving Day (April 26, 1947), 336

Third Force, 41, 354, 356, 384; Possible American support, 392; Opposition parties as, 443-450

Thirty-two Demands, The, 2857-287, 475-479

Three Peoples Principles of Sun Yat-sen, 48, 117-118

Tiger eels (loma). See Gangsters

Tomsett, Louise (Administrative Officer, UNRRA-Taiwan), 301, 317

Town Meetings, "American style:' 277-278

Transfer from Japan to China: military affairs, 44; Americans involved, 71-73, go; Japanese arrangements, 121-123

Transfer Report, by Government to PPC Assembly, 198

Transport and Communications Department, 113, 114, 134, 138

Transport monopoly crisis, 244-245

Treaty of San Francisco. See San Francisco Treaty

Tropical Chemical Industry Company, Chia-yi, 1,32

Truman, Harry S, 39; and Patrick Hurley, 42; Administration attacked, 360, 398-402; and Li Tsung-jen, 377, 392-393; non-involvement policy reversed, 396-397-, Formosan view, 398; and MacArthur, 403-405

Trusteeship: rumors, 206; proposed, 214, 251, 325; hoped for, 334, 389; resented and opposed, 320, 332, 3,35, 342, 344, 349; question tested in American press, 362-363; Truman statement, 386

Tsiang Ting-fu Fuller (Ambassador), 365,457

Tsungtsai ("Leader"), See Chiang Kai-shek

Two-twenty-eight Incident (2-28 Incident). See February Incident

Tzu Yu Pao (Liberty Weekly), 210



U. S. Seventh Fleet, 382, 397

U.S.S. Frank Knox, 249

U.S.S.R. See Russia



513 INDEX



Unemployment: minimized at surrender, 66; serious (1946), 127, 141, 16q; editorial warning, 218; labor unrest, 233-234

United Formosans for Independence (UFI), 451, 467

United Nations (UN): charter, 63, 64; trusteeship issue, 95, 334, 335, 381, 389, 472; Taipei's status in, 159,375-376,387,399; KMT counters Formosan interest in, 225, 366, 368, 449; appeals to, 250-251, 257, 264, 454, 456-459 passim; General Ko's embarrassment, 271; State Department view (May, 1947), 327-328; intervention sentiment tested, 361-363; Korean war and Formosa, 397, 400; Dulles' proposals, 427-428, 431; Peking's position, 438. See also Trusteeship; Intervention; Plebiscite; UNRRA

United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA), xiii; "American" character, 81, 252; labor conscripts repatriated, 89-90; rehabilitation estimates, 131; and private interests, 140; establishment, 143; 159--161; Okinawan problem, 150; and Japanese, 151; observes Chen's administration, 156, 157; diverse nationalities, 157, 182; and CNRRA, 161-163, 177; Pescadores relief problem, 168-171; public health problems, 174-182; program denigrated by Nationalists, 177, 183, ,348; program terminated, 183, 339; popularity among Formosans, 217; witnesses March affair, 255-256, 264, 297, 303.-303, 305-306; aftermath, 335-336, 343, 363

United States of America and Formosa. See Aid-China programs; America the "God-Country"; American Consulate; Anti-Americanism; Intervention; Status; Trusteeship; United States Army; etc.

United States Army: Washington files (1941), 9-11; intelligence requirements, 12-17; postwar Formosa considered, 18--20, 329, 382, 400, 403; advisory groups, 71, 74, 83-84, 188, 406-407; representation, Taipei, 83-85, 406-407, 411; POW commendation, 87-88

United States Army Advisory Croup, 71, 74, 83-84, 1.88; Prestige problem, 90, 95; becomes Liaison Croup, 93; withdrawn, 96

United States Army Graves Registration Unit, 70

United States Congress, a propaganda target, 357, 364, 399, 401

United States Consulate. See American Consulate

United States Department of Agriculture, 318

United States Department of State: information files (1941 ), 11; "continental" policy frame of reference, 2.1, 22, 40, 434; lower echelon inaction, 39; confusion, 41-42, 321-324; Foreign Service officers harassed if not pro-Chiang, 42-43; Formosa's future a dead issue, 45, 144-146, 327-328; "China First" men, 55, 1239 144, 329-330; opens Consulate, 91-93, 146-149; bureaucratic reportage, 151, 152, 181, 224, 323, 409--410; inept propaganda, 218- 221; and Wedemeyer Re Report 345-346; policy-making paralysis, 376; and Formosa's leadership potential, 381; Formosa written off, 381-382, 386- 3879 388; Embassy established at Taipei, 386, 406, 408-413; Secretary Dulles' actions and policies, 426-431

United States Information Service (USIS), 146-148, 206-207, 218-221, 223, 348, 389; director, 248, 255, 292, 347, 352, 441; Sun Fo's attack, 352; Communist attacks, 346-347, 441

United States Military Assistance Advisory Croup (MAAG), 406-407

United States Naval School for Military Goverment and Administration, 29--30, 91; Civil Affairs Handbooks, 29, 71; Formosa Research Unit, 29-30

514 INDEX



United States Navy: Nimitz plan, 28-29, 32-33; training program for Occupation pesonnel 29-30, proposed mission to Chungking, 3"; Task Force elements in Formosan waters, 69, 73, go, 249; Assistant Naval Attache, U. S. Embassy, China, 71, 74, 93; interest in future use, 329; vessels transferred to China, 355; Seventh Fleet, 382, 397

United States Policy -Asia (Conlon Report), 431

United States Relations with China (,,white Paper on China," 1949), 323, 377

United States Senate, Committee on Foreign Relations: report on foreign propaganda operations in the United States, 357, 399; Conlon Report, 431-433



Vandenberg, Arthur (U. S. Senator). 387

Vigilante committees, 207-208

Vocational Guidance camps, 287, 479



Wallace, Dr. Schuyler, 30

Wang Shih-chieh (Foreign Minister), 235,365

Wang Tien-teng (lawyer, editor') 201, 203, 209, 222; trial, 2313-, Settlement Committee work, 275; executed, 298

Washington Post, series on Formosa, 145,156,211,320

Wedemeyer, Albert C. (Lieutenant General, U. S. Army): vi-viii, 44, 45, 71, 92; castigates Nationalists, 323; mission Of, 329, 345; on trusteeship for Manchuria, 398

Wedemeyer Report, 345

Wei Tao-ming (Ambassador, Governor), 325, 333, 337-340, 348, 351, 352; on intervention, 363; dismissed, 366

Western Pacific frontier, 1, 22, 388

White, J. G., Engineering Company, 136, 237

"White Paper," See United States Relations with China

Whither Formosa?, by Joshua Liao, 252

Whiting, Dr. Allen S., 431

Wilson, Woodrow, 40, 64, 81, 195

Wu Kuo-chen (K. C. Wu, Governor), xiv; appointment, 385-386; policies, 391-392; vs. Chiang Ching-kuo, 391-393, 422.-424, 448, 484-485; and Rankin, 409; record, 418-419, 421-422, 456; dismissed, 422-423; publishes criticism, 423-424, 480--486; thought control reviewed by, 482-483



Yalta, 25, 37

Yen Chia-kan (Commissioner, Governor, Premier): aide to Chen Yi in Fukien, 54; Commissioner at Taipei, 113-114; on inflation, 125; China's War Production Board, 158; Acting Secretary General, 228; retained by Wei, 338; Finance Minister, 392; President, Bank of Taiwan, Governor, and Premier, 418

Young China Party, 444-445

Youth corps (KMT), 119, 197, 482-483,484

Yui, 0. K. (Yu Hung-chun, banker, Governor, Premier), 418



Zuiho Copper and Cold Mines, 101