Home Properties of Hantavirus Transmission and Pathogenesis
Symptoms of Infection Diagnosis and Treatment Risk Factors and Prevention


1  Iowa State University College of Veterinary Medicine. 2003. Hantavirus Infections. Retrieved March 29, 2007, from State of New Jersey Dept. of Agriculture website: http://nj.gov/agriculture/divisions/ah/diseases/hantavirus.html

2  Rybicki, E. 1994. Bunyaviruses. Retrieved March 30, 2007 from University of Cape Town website: http://www.mcb.uct.ac.za/tutorial/bunya.html

3  Yates, T.L, J.N. Mills, C.A. Parmenter, and others. 2002. The ecology and evolutionary history of and emergent disease: Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome. Bio. Sci. 52:989-998.

4  Chunyan Y., J. Prescott, R. Nofchissey, D. Goade, and B. Hjelle. 2004. Neutralizing antibodies and Sin Nombre Virus RNA after recovery from Hantavirus Cardiopulmonary Syndrome. Emerg. Infect. Dis.10:478-482.

5  Peters, C.J, G.L. Simpson, and H. Levy. 1999. Spectrum of Hantavirus infection: Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome and Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome. Annu. Rev. Med. 50:531-545.

6  Hunt, M. 2006. RNA Virus Replication Strategies. Retrieved March 30, 2007 from University of South Carolina School of Medicine web site:  http://pathmicro.med.sc.edu/mhunt/RNA-HO.htm

7  Shope, R.E. 2005. Bunyaviruses. Retrieved March 28, 2007 from MedMicro website: http://www.gsbs.utmb.edu/microbook/ch056.htm

8  Kanerva, M., J. Mustonen, and A. Vaheri. 1998. Pathogenesis of Puumala and other Hantavirus infections. Rev. Med. Virol. 8:67-86.

9  Wenzel, R.P. 1994. A new Hantavirus infection in North America. N. Engl. J. Med. 330:1004-1005.

10  Lee, H.W., P.W. Lee, K.M. Johnson. 1978. Isolation of the etiologic agent of Korean Hemorrhagic fever. J. Infect. Dis. 137:298-308.

11  Verity, R. E. Prasad, K. Grimsrud, H. Artsob, M. Drebot, L. Miedzinsi, and J. Preiksaitis. 2000. Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome in Northern Alberta, Canada: clinical and laboratory findings for 19 cases. Clin. Infect. Dis. 31:942-946.

12  Canada Communicable Disease Report, 2002. Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome in Canada, 1989-1999. Retrieved March 29, 2007 from Public Health Agency of Canada website: http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/publicat/ccdr-rmtc/00vol26/dr2608ea.html

13  Chief Medical Officer of Health. 2006. Hantavirus Infection. Retrieved on March 27, 2007 from Manitoba Communicable Disease Control website: http://www.gov.mb.ca/health/publichealth/cdc/fs/Hantavirusfs.pdf

14  Netski, D. B.H. Thran, and S.C. St. Jeor. 1999. Sin Nombre Virus pathogenesis in Peromyscus maniculatus. J. Virol. 73: 585-591.

15  Special Pathogens Branch. 2004. All About Hantaviruses. Retrieved March 27, 2007 from National Center for Infectious Diseases website: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/diseases/hanta/hps/noframes/phys/ecology.htm

16  Martinez VP, Bellomo C, San Juan J, Pinna D, Forlenza R, Elder M, and Padula PJ. 2005. Person-to-person transmission of Andes virus. Emerg Infect Dis. 11:1848-1853.

17  Merck Veterinary Manual. Hantavirus Infection. Retrieved March 30, 2007 from http://www.merckvetmanual.com/mvm/index.jsp?cfile=htm/bc/171547.htm&word=hantavirus

18  Hantavirus. Retrieved March 16, 2007 from Wikipedia website: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hantavirus

19  Shuyang Yu, Mifang Liang, BaoLiang Fan, Hongtao Xu, and others. 2006. Maternally Derived Recombinant Human Anti-Hantavirus Monoclonal Antibodies Are Transferred to Mouse Offspring during Lactation and Neutralize Virus in Vitro. J. Virol. 80:4183-4186.

20  Mackow, E. and I.N. Gavrilovskaya. 2001. Cellular receptors and hantavirus pathogenesis. Curr. Top. Microbiol. Immunol. 256:91-115.

21  Gavrilovskaya, I.N., M. Shepley, R. Shaw, M.H. Ginsberg, and E.R. Mackow. 1998. β3 integrins mediate the cellular entry of hantaviruses that cause respiratory failure. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 95:7074-7079.

22  Gavrilovskaya, I., E. Brown, M. Ginsberg, and E. Mackow. 1999. Cellular entry of Hantaviruses which cause Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome is mediated by β3 integrins. J. Virol. 73:3951-3959.

23  Mackow, E.R., and I.N. Gavrilovskaya. 2001. Cellular receptors and hantavirus pathogenesis. Curr. Top. Microbiol. Immunol. 256:91-115.

24  Xiao-Dong L., T. Makela, D. Guo, R. Soliymani, V. Koistinen, O. Vapalahti, A. Vaheri, and H. Lankinen. 2002. Hantavirus nucleocapsid protein interacts with the Fas-mediated enhancer Daxx. J. Gen. Virol. 83:759-766.

25  Special Pathogens Branch. 2004. All About Hantaviruses. Retrieved March 27, 2007 from National Center for Infectious Diseases website: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/diseases/hanta/hps/index.htm

26  CBC News Online. 2006. Indepth: Health Hantavirus – frequently asked questions. Retrieved March 27, 2007 from CBC News website: http://www.cbc.ca/news/background/health/hantavirus.html

27  1998. Preventing HPS. Retrieved March 27, 2007 from website:  http://www.hantavirus.net/info3.html

28  Mills, J.N., A. Corneli, J.C. Young, L.E. Garrison, A.S. Khan, and T.G. Ksiazek. 2002. Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome – United States: Updated Recommendations for Risk Reduction. Retrieved March 26, 2007 from website: http://medical.smis.doi.gov/hantammwr.htm

29  Manitoba Government. 2001. Work Safe Bulletin: Hantavirus in Rodents. Retrieved March 20, 2007 from website: http://www.gov.mb.ca/labour/safety/pdf/bulletins/bltn157.pdf

30  Government of Saskatchewan. 2003. Hantavirus Disease. Retrieved March 21, 2007 from Saskatchewan Health website: http://www.health.gov.sk.ca/rr_hantavirus_disease.html

Lastly, we would like to acknowledge the website which provided the deer mouse image used in our banner.  The picture was found here.