References

Text References:

1. Alfieri, A. A., M. E. Parazzi, E. Takiuchi, K. C. Medici, and A. F. Alfieri. 2006. Frequency of group A rotavirus in diarrhoeic calves in Brazilian cattle. Tropical animal health and production 38:521.

2. Bagley, C. V. 1997. Calf Scours Simplified. Utah State University Extension. Accessed on 03/13 2007 from: http://extension.usu.edu/files/publications/factsheet/AH_Beef_25.pdf

3. Blomquist, N. 2005. The Importance of Colostrum for Calves - Frequently Asked Questions. Alberta Ag-Info Centre, Alberta Agriculture and Food. Accessed on 03/16 2007 from: http://www1.agric.gov.ab.ca/$department/deptdocs.nsf/all/faq8021

4. Blood, D. C., and V. P. Studdert. c1999. Saunders comprehensive veterinary dictionary, p. 461. WB Saunders, London.

5. Costello, R. 2005. Calf Scours: causative agents of calf hood diarrhea. Merrick's Inc. Accessed on 03/06 2007 from: http://www.merricks.com/pdf/calf_scours.pdf

6. Dar, A. M., S. Kapil, and S. M. Goyal. 1998. Comparison of immunohistochemistry, electron microscopy, and direct fluorescent antibody test for the detection of bovine coronavirus. J Vet Diagn Invest 10:152-157.

7. Ikemori, Y., M. Ohta, K. Umeda, F. C. Icatlo, M. Kuroki, H. Yokoyama, and Y. Kodama. 1997. Passive protection of neonatal calves against bovine coronavirus-induced diarrhea by administration of egg yolk or colostrum antibody powder. Veterinary microbiology 58:105.

8. Kahn, C. M., S. Line, and D. G. Allen. c2005. The Merck Veterinary Manual. Merck & Co., Whitehouse Station, N.J.

9. Kohara, T. 2000. Correlation between maternal serum antibodies and protection against bovine rotavirus diarrhea in calves. The Journal of veterinary medical science 62:219. 

10. Liu, L., S. Hagglund, M. Hakhverdyan, S. Alenius, L. E. Larsen, and S. Belak. 2006. Molecular epidemiology of bovine coronavirus on the basis of comparative analyses of the S gene. Journal of clinical microbiology 44:957.

11. Maas, J. 2002. Feeding Cows to Prevent Scours in Calves. University of California Davis. Accessed on 03/06 2007 from: http://www.vetmed.ucdavis.edu/vetext/INF-BE_cca/INF-BE_cca02/INF-BE_cca0212.html

12. Meat & Livestock Australia. 2005. Preventing Calf Scours in Suckler Beef Enterprises. Tips & Tools: Animal Health and Welfare. Accessed on 03/06 2007 from: https://pubs.mla.com.au/publicationspdf/TT_Preventing_calf_scours_20230_0905.pdf

13. Murphy, F. A., E. P. J. Gibbs, M. C. Horzinek, and M. J. Suddert. c1999. Coronaviridae, p. 501-502. In Veterinary Virology. Academic, San Diego, California.

14. Murphy, F. A., E. P. J. Gibbs, M. C. Horzinek, and M. J. Suddert. c1999. Reoviridae, p. 402-404. In Veterinary Virology. Academic, San Diego, California.

15. Naylor, J. M. c2002. Neonatal Ruminant Diarrhea, p. 355-356. In B. P. Smith (ed.), Large animal internal medicine. Mosby, St. Louis.

16. Prarie Diagnostic Services. 2004. 2004/2005 Fee Schedule. Accessed on 03/12 2007 from: http://www.usask.ca/pds/Information/2004%20fee%20guide.pdf

17. Radostits, O. M. c2000. Viral diseases characterized by alimentary tract signs, p. 1116-1120. In Anonymous Veterinary medicine: a textbook of the diseases of cattle, sheep, pigs, goats and horses. Saunders, London.

18. Rutter, L., D. Engstrom and R. Hand. 2001. Body Condition: Implications for Managing Beef Cows. Alberta Ag-Info Centre, Alberta Agriculture and Food. Accessed on 03/16 2007 from: http://www1.agric.gov.ab.ca/$department/deptdocs.nsf/all/agdex3450

19. Thomas, C. J., A. E. Hoet, S. Sreevatsan, T. E. Wittum, R. E. Briggs, G. C. Duff, and L. J. Saif. 2006. Transmission of bovine coronavirus and serologic responses in feedlot calves under field conditions. American journal of veterinary research 67:1412.

20. Hansen, M. 2002. How to prevent calf scours. Dairy Herd Management. Accessed on 03/29 2007 from: http://www.dairyherd.com/news_editorial.asp?pgID=724&ed_id=2092

21. Radostits, O. M. and S. H. Done. c2007. Neonatal Diarrhea, p. 862. In Veterinary medicine: a textbook of the diseases of cattle, horses, sheep, pigs, goats. Elsevier Saunders, New York.

Image References:

22. http://www.oardc.ohio-state.edu/lsaiflab/web_pages/publications.htm

23. Pamela Suddaby, personal photographs


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