TREATMENT: Unfortunately, infection with the
virus is almost always fatal unless treatment is started immediately
after exposure. Because of this, it is essential you
practice extreme caution around suspect wildlife and that your pet be
protected with a proper vaccine protocol. In human medicine, there is the possibility
of post-exposure treatment, although it does not guarantee survival. If
or scratched cleanse and flush the wound with soap and water and seek
attention immediately. Immediate local treatment of the site of viral
very important (4).See the VACCINES AND PROTOCOLS section for further information.
PREVENTION: Where rabies is a
control of rabies in the canine population is essential.The WHO (http://www.who.int/en/)
recommends there be a minimum coverage of 80% of the dog population.For individuals at higher risk of contracting
rabies, it is recommended to obtain pre-exposure vaccinations. Who
affected by rabies? Carnivores
and bats are primarily affected by rabies (5), but all mammals are
be susceptible to infection.See the
Regional Distribution section for information on reservoir hosts in
province, but remember that infection is believed to be possible in all
is Canada doing to
against this disease? Canada has a
program to monitor the prevalence of rabies.
This means that any suspected case of rabies must be sent to the
Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) for diagnosis, and that the
keeps close track of all confirmed rabies cases and investigates
exposure. In addition, the Government
will quarantine any at risk or suspected rabid animals to ensure that
disease is not spread. They also require
that all dogs and cats be vaccinated prior to entry into Canada.
Please visit http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/anima/heasan/disemala/rabrag/rabrage.shtml
for more government information. You can
help keep the occurrence of rabies down by making sure that you dog,
horse is vaccinated regularly against rabies, and by immediately
wildlife you see exhibiting any of the signs listed in the Clinical
are a few
things one can do to help prevent the spread of rabies: (5 *)
not feed or handle wild or stray animals, especially those that appear
aggressive, sick or exhibit any abnormal behaviour.
not keep a wild animal as a pet.
not try to nurse sick animals to health. Call animal control in your
your pets vaccinated against rabies according to instructions from your
your pets indoors at night so they do not come in contact with wild
your pets on a leash.
stray animals to your local animal control office so that an animal
control officer can investigate.
your cat or dog has been bitten or attacked by a wild animal or has
bites or scratches of unknown origin, seek veterinary assistance for
the animal immediately.
leave table scraps or leftover pet food outside where it will attract
your cat or dog has bitten a person, contact your local public health
unit to report the incident.
your chances of contact by animal-proofing your house, cottage and
not relocate wildlife. It is illegal and can contribute to the spread