|Topics on this page
Are people at risk?
How can I protect my dog?
people at risk?
transmitted primarily through the saliva; it can
spread by a direct bite (breaking the skin), by coming into contact
open cut/wound or by coming into direct contact with a mucous membrane
the mouth, eyes or nasal cavity. Those people who suspect that they
have been exposed to
rabies should immediately wash/scrub the affected area with soap and
and go straight to the local emergency room.
Fortunately, due to
the long incubation
period in humans,
post exposure vaccines are effective in preventing disease after
exposure. If a
person was not previously vaccinated, a Human Rabies Immune Globulin
will be given via an intramuscular injection (IM). In addition, a
five rabies vaccines are given IM on days 0, 3, 7, 14 and 28 with day 0
the day a person was exposed. Those who have already been vaccinated
exposure will require 2 subsequent vaccines on days 0 and 3.
|What do I
if my animal is exposed?
If the concern is regarding a wild animal, it is best to avoid contact. Owners of pets or livestock should isolate their animals from both other people and animals.
Rabies is a reportable disease, if an animal is suspected of being exposed, you must report it by law to the proper authorities. Call the nearest Canadian Food Inspection Agency (check your local listings) to report any suspect cases.
|How can I protect my animals?|
The best way to protect a dog from contracting rabies
vaccination. Vaccines are used are either modified live or killed
These vaccines are typically given at 3 months, one year and then every
Those dogs who were previously vaccinated should be given a booster and confined for 90 days; unvaccinated dogs should be euthanized.
Any wild animal that bites a human unprovoked should be
humanely killed and tested for rabies.
It is also important to protect your pets by avoiding contact with high-risk animals including skunks, raccoons, foxes and bats.
When traveling to
other countries check their
for rabies and consult your local veterinarian regarding proper
protocols; most countries will require proof of vaccination if an
animal is to