Horse owners can help control the spread
of EIA by:
- Subjecting their
horse(s) to the Coggins’ test for EIA annually.
- Requiring a
negative Coggins’ Test certificate to accompany all horses entering
boarding stables, fairs, shows and race tracks.
- Not allowing their
horse(s) to come in close contact with horses of questionable health
- Controlling biting
flies and mosquitoes by developing a fly control procedure around the
- Using disposable
hypodermic needles to prevent the spread of the virus.
- Cleaning and
sterilizing all instruments by boiling for 15 minutes prior to reusing.
- Avoiding the
practice of interchanging equipment such as bridles, saddles, brushes
and bandages from one animal to another.
- Removing reactors promptly as directed
by Agriculture Canada
and cleaning and disinfecting the
stable and surroundings.
EIA is a reportable
disease under the Health
Animals Regulations. This means that all suspected cases must be
to the CFIA and all reported suspect cases are
investigated by Agency inspectors.
national program for the control of EIA in horses
- identification of EIA
infected horses: EIA-negative certification is
required for certain horse shows, sales, stables, race tracks, and
other places where many horses are assembled;
(re-testing) of positive
- quarantine of
premises on which EIA-positive
reactors are found;
- testing of all
housed with the positive reactor and all horses in contact with the
reactor within a 30-day period;
- destruction or
permanent isolation of EIA-positive
compensation for horses
ordered destroyed by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA);
- mandatory testing of
imported into Canada
must test negative for EIA.