paw print

Canine Distemper Virus
Clinical Signs


Appel, M. J. G., and Summers, B. A. Canine Distemper:  Current Status. International Veterinary Information Service, Ithaca,         New York  ( 1999.

Deem, S. L., Spelman, L. H., Yates, R. A., and Montali, R. J.  2000.  Canine Distemper in Terrestrial Carnivores: A Review.             Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine.  31(4): 441-451.

Engelhardt, P., Wyder, M., Zurbriggen, A., and Grone, A., 2005.  Canine distemper virus associated proliferation of canine             footpad keratinocytes in vitro. Veterinary Microbiology. 107, 1-12.

Greene, C. E.  2006. Infectious Diseases of the Dog and Cat.  3rd edition. W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia.  Pages: 25-41.

Hirsh, D. C., and Zee, Y. C.  1999. Veterinary Microbiology. Blackwell Science Inc., Massachusetts.  Pages 328-330, 403-406

Kahn, M. 2005. The Merck Veterinary Manual. 9th edition. Merck & Co. Inc., Whitehouse Station, N. J. Pages:  625,626

Murphy, F. A., Gibbs, E. P., Horzinek, M. C., and Studdert, M. J.  1999. Veterinary Virology. 3rd edition. Academic press,             Toronto.  Pages 167-169, 423-425

Nelson, R and Couto, G, comp. 2003  Small Animal Internal Medicine.  3rd Edition.  Mosby Inc., St. Louis, Missouri.  Pages:         973, 1011, 1015-1016, 1273-1275.

Vandevelde, M., and Aurbriggen, A. 1995. The neurology of canine distemper virus infection. Veterinary Microbiology. 44.             271-280