The following definitions were
taken from : Blood DC, Studdert VP. Saunders
Comprehensive Veterinary Dictionary. 2nd ed. Toronto:
– starch-like material
astrogliosis – inflammation of the
astroglia, a neuroglial tissue.
ataxia – failure of muscular
coordination and irregularity of muscle action.
cortical blindness – due to a lesion of
the optic cortex of the brain; the pupillary light reflex still
dementia – loss of intellectual
capacity accompanied usually by irrational behaviour.
dura mater – the outermost, toughest
and most fibrous of the three membranes (meninges) covering the brain
enterocytes – predominant cell type of
the in the small intestine mucosa. They are tall, columnar cells
for the final digestion and absorption of nutrients,
electrolytes and water.
enzootic – present constantly in a
histopathology – histology is the
component of anatomy dealing with the minute structure, composition and
function of tissues. Histopathology deals with this in
hyperesthesia – a state of abnormally
increased sensitivity to stimuli.
hypermetria – ataxia in which movements
overreach the intended goal.
immunohistochemistry – denoting the
application of antibody-antigen interactions to histochemical
techniques, as in
the use of immunofluorescence.
lymphocytes – a mononuclear,
nongranular leukocyte (white blood cell) having a deeply staining
containing dense plasma. It participates in immunity.
myoclonus – repetitive, rhythmic
contractions of a group of skeletal muscles, persisting in sleep.
necropsy – examination of the body
neurodegeneration – selective
degeneration of neurons.
pathognomonic – specifically
distinctive or characteristic of a disease or pathological
denoting a sign or other indicant on which a diagnosis can
polydipsa – excessive thirst manifested
by excessive water intake.
proteases – any proteolytic enzyme, an
enzyme that breaks down proteins.
pruritus – itching.
tertiary – third in order, with
reference to protein structure it is the unique structure made up of
structure elements (such as alpha helices and beta
sheets) folded in a specific
way to determine the three-dimensional, biologically-active
conformation of a
vacuolar – containing, or of the nature
of, vacuoles: a space of cavity in the cytoplasm of a cell.
zoonotic – disease of animals that is
transmissible to humans.