Glossary

cartoonhorse


Anorexia
Lack or loss of appetite from food.
Antibody
A protein produced by the body's immune system that recognizes and helps fight infections and other foreign substances in the body.
Antigen
A foreign substance that causes the immune system to make a specific immune response.
Antiseptic
Any substance that inhibits the growth of bacteria.
Apoptosis
Cellular suicide or programmed cell death.
Ataxia
Failure of muscular coordination; irregularity of muscle action.
Benign
Not dangerous to health; not recurrent or progressive (especially of a tumor).
Central nervous system
The brain and the spinal cord.
Coital
Sexual union by vagina between male and female reproductive organs.
Conjunctivitis
Inflammation of the conjunctiva (delicate membrane that covers the front of the eyeball and lines the inside of the eyelids).
Disinfectant
An agent that destroys or inactivates harmful infection producing organisms.
Dyspnea
Shortness of breath, difficult, or labored breathing; primarily an indication of inadequate venilation of the lungs.
Empyema
Pus accumulation in the lung(s) or other body cavity.
Encephalitis
Inflammation of the brain.
Fomites
An inanimate object or material on which disease producing agents can be conveyed, for example, bedding, brushes, and harnesses.
Frontal sinusitis
Inflammation of the frontal sinus (pair of cavities in the frontal bone of the skull).
Genome
The complete genetic information possessed by an organism.
Immune serum
The clear liquid part of the blood that remains after blood cells and clotting proteins have been removed that contains and that can be used to protect an individual from infection.
Immunity
The condition of being able to resist a particular infectious disease; security against a particular disease.
In utero
Before birth; literally in the uterus.
Incubation period
The time interval between the initial exposure to infection and appearance of the first symptom or sign of disease.
Invertebrate
An animal without a backbone.
Keratoconjunctivitis
Inflammation of the eye that has affected both the conjunctiva and the cornea (clear, transparent anterior segment of the fibrous part of the eye).
Lymphocyte
A white blood cell present in the blood, lymph, and lymphoid tissue; the two major types are T cells and B cells.
Petechiae
Tiny localized hemorrhages from the small blood vessels just beneath the surface of the skin; purple-red spots that are essentially tiny bruises.
Prophylaxis
Prevention of disease or of a process that can lead to disease.
Trigeminal nerve
The 5th cranial nerve that delivers sensory stimuli to the brain from the face, teeth and tongue.
Ulcerative keratitis
An inflammation of the cornea characterized by the formation of ulcers.
Vaccine
A preparation of dead or weakened viruses or bacteria, or of derived antigenic determinants, that is used to induce formation of antibodies or immunity against the disease-causing microorganism.
Vertebrate
An animal with a backbone.
Viremia
Presence of viruses in the blood either as free virus or a cell-associated viremia (i.e. viruses within cells).
Whelping
The act of birthing puppies.

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