|West Nile Virus|
About the Virus
Protection from mosquito bites
It is essential to avoid mosquitos that might potentially infect humans and animals with West Nile virus.
2. Protecting yourself
Controlling Mosquito Populations
Reducing mosquito populations by draining sources of standing water is important way to prevent West Nile virus transmission. In this way, the number of places mosquitoes can lay their eggs and breed is reduced.
Currently there are two West Nile virus vaccines approved for use in horses in Canada.
The West Nile-Innovator is a killed Equine West Nile Virus vaccine produced by the Fort Dodge Animal Health (Wyeth). The vaccine is administered in two doses, 3-6 weeks apart. Horses need up to 4 weeks to develop immunity, so they must be vaccinated in advance of mosquito season. It is recommended to revaccinate annually in the spring with a single dose. The West Nile-Innovator vaccine is only available from a licensed practicing veterinarian.
The Recombitek is an Equine West Nile Virus vaccine containing lyophilized recombinant canary-pox vectored WNV. It is manufactured by Merial. It has been suggested that the first dose of vaccine will induce immunity within 26 days, and the second dose might be necessary after 4-6 weeks. It is recommended to revaccinate every year in the spring with a single dose. The Recombitek is only available from a licensed practicing veterinarian.
Unfortunately, there is no West Nile virus vaccine currently available for humans, pets and other animals.
Reporting Dead Birds
It is important to be alert and report unusual deaths in wild birds especially crows, magpies, blue jays and ravens during the spring and summer. Crow family birds are very sensitive to West Nile virus and have high death rates if infected. Thus, deaths of these birds in the area may indicate West Nile virus outbreak.
Please contact local authority for West Nile Virus Surveillance if you find a dead crow family bird in your area.
Canadian Cooperative Wildlife Health Center: West Nile Virus Surveillance Program 2006.
Public Health Agency of Canada: West Nile Virus Overview
UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine: Center for Companion Animal Health.
Community Health Administration: West Nile Virus.
Center for Disease Control: West Nile Virus.
Public Health Agency of Canada: How to Protect Yourself & Your Family.
Fort Dodge Animal Health: West Nile Innovator Vaccine.
Merial: Recombitek Equine Vaccine.
Center for Disease Control: West Nile Virus Vaccine.
Center for Disease Control: West Nile Virus and Dogs and Cats
City of Lafayette One Bite. One Life Changed Forever. Protect Yourself: http://www.cityoflafayette.com/Page.asp?NavID=853
West Nile Virus: http://www.west-nile-virus-prevention.com/preventative-measures.html
Fort Dodge Animal Health: West Nile Innovator Vaccine. http://www.equinewestnile.com/index.htm
Merial: Recombitek Equine Vaccine. http://www.equinewnv.com/
El Paso City-County Health and Environment District: http://www.elpasocitycountyhealth.com/environment/environment/Environment.asp
Montgomery County Maryland Department of Environmental Protection: http://www.montgomerycountymd.gov/deptmpl.asp?url=/content/dep/mosquito/protection.asp
Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene: http://edcp.org/html/wn.html
Worst Jobs in the world: http://www.worst-jobs.com/top_jobs_for_men/poorly-paid-jobs-for-men-Mosquito-Researcher.htm
County of San Diego Department of Environmental Health: http://www.co.san-diego.ca.us/deh/chd/wnv/wnv_faq_lh.html
Magpie Monitors: http://www.magpiemonitor.org/West_Nile_Virus.html.