Zoonotic Potential of Vesicular Stomatitis

Human infection:
Humans can become infected by the vesicular stomatitis virus by:
  • Handling infected horses
  • Contact with surfaces or objects contaminated by saliva and/or vesicular fluids from infected horses.
  • This virus is transmitted to humans through the respiratory tract, conjunctiva and skin abrasions.
gob
http://t2.gastric.com
Use gloves for protection
Symptoms:
  • VS causes influenza-like symptoms in humans of approximately 1 week duration, but rarely resulting in the formation of vesicles.
  • Flu symptoms include fever, muscle aches, headaches and malaise.
  • Since the symptoms are non-specific in humans, cases of VS are most likely under reported.
 
sick
http://www.netwellness.org
Prevention:
  • Gloves should be worn when handling potentially infected horses or diagnostic specimens to prevent contact between saliva or vesicular fluids and mucus membrances or broken skin.
  • Hands should be washed thoroughly after handling horses.
hands
http://web3.unt.edu/riskman/Images/hand_washing.jpg
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