Zoonotic Potential of Vesicular Stomatitis
Humans can become infected by the vesicular stomatitis virus by:
- Handling infected horses
- Contact with surfaces or objects contaminated by saliva and/or vesicular fluids from infected horses.
- This virus is transmitted to humans through the respiratory tract, conjunctiva and skin abrasions.
Use gloves for protection
- VS causes influenza-like symptoms in humans of approximately 1 week duration, but rarely resulting in the formation of vesicles.
- Flu symptoms include fever, muscle aches, headaches and malaise.
- Since the symptoms are non-specific in humans, cases of VS are most likely under reported.
should be worn when handling potentially infected horses or diagnostic
specimens to prevent contact between saliva or vesicular fluids and
mucus membrances or broken skin.
- Hands should be washed thoroughly after handling horses.