Artiodactyl: even-toed ungulates (hooved animals).
Level 4 is the highest level of containment and represents an isolated
unit that is completely self-contained to function independently.
Facilities are highly specialized, secure with an air lock for entry
and exit, Class III biological safety cabinets or positive pressure
ventilated suits, and a separate ventilation system with full controls
to contain contamination. Only fully trained and authorised personnel
may enter the Level 4 containment laboratory. On exit from the area,
personnel will shower and re-dress in street clothing. All
manipulations with agents must be performed in Class III biological
safety cabinets or in conjunction with one-piece,
positive-pressure-ventilated suits. Public Heath Agency of Canda. Laboratory Biosafety Guidelines , 3rd Edition 2004.
Epizootic: an epidemic outbreak of disease in an animal population with the implication that it may extend to humans.
FMD: Foot and Mouth Disease.
FMDV: Foot and Mouth Disease Virus
OIE: Office International des Epizooties
Risk Group 4
infectious agents are pathogens that usually produce very serious human
or animal disease, often untreatable, and may be readily transmitted
from one individual to another, from animal to human or vice-versa
directly or indirectly, by casual contact (high individual risk,
high community risk). Examples include Ebola viruses,
Herpes B virus (Monkey virus), Foot and Mouth Disease.
Probang cup is "a
metal cup, about 3 cm diameter and 5 cm deep, with a slightly sharpened
edge, attached to a curved metal wire, about 50-60 cm long, with a
handle at the far end. This can be pushed into the mouth of an animal,
over the base of the tongue, into the pharynx, and is then pulled out
again, collecting superficial cellular material and mucus from the
of horn around heel, sole, toe and finally to the outside hoof
wall. In pigs, the complete horn of the toe may be lost. Cattle
and deer may also lose one or both horns of the foot.