the steer

1. Xingnian, G., and Kirkland, PD. Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis. 2008. Australia and New Zealand Standards Diagnostic Procedures. Elizabeth Macarthur Agrucultural Institute. p 1-18.


2. Sprott, L. R., and Wikse, S.; Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis. 1998. AgriLife Extension, Texas A&M System.


3. The Merck Veterinary Manual. Bovine Herpes Virus-1. Modified March 2012. [Online] Accessed Nov 25th, 2013.


4. The Cattle Site: Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis. Modified 2013. [Online] Accessed November 25,2013.


5. Zimmerman, A., Buterbaugh, R., Herbert, J., Hass, J., Frank, N., Luempert, L., and Chase, C.; Efficacy of bovine herpesvirus-1 inactivated vaccine against abortion and stillbirth in pregnant  heifers. 2007. JAVMA. 231, 9:1386-1389.


6. Kaashoek, M., Moerman, A., Madic, J., Rijsewijk, F., Quak, J.Gielkens, A., and van Oirschot, J.;  A conventionally attenuated glycoprotein E-negative strain of bovine herpesvirus type 1 is an efficacious and safe vaccine. 1994. Vaccine. 12, 5: 439-445.


7.Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development. Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis. Modified November 2009. [Online] Accessed November 25, 2013.


8. Ellis, J., Gow, S., West, K., Waldner, C., Rhodes, C., Mutwiri, G., and Rosenberg, H.; Response of calves to challenge esposure with virulent bovine respiratory syncytial virus following intranasal administration of vaccines formulated for parenteral administraction. 2007. JAVMA. 230, 2:233-244.


9. Kamiyoshi, T., Murakami, K., Izumi, Y., and Sentsui, H.; The presence of a deletion sequence in the BHV-1 UL49 homolog in a live attenuated vaccine for infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR). Vaccine. 26, 4:477-485.

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