B. Describe accurately arguments and positions other than your own which are relevant and significant. Identify main points and express them clearly. Philosophers are mainly interested in arguments, but being able to distinguish arguments from positions is essential. If you are critiquing an article, you should provide both an overview and a focus.
C. Analyze the concepts of the issue, primarily those within the arguments and positions described. Point out key terms or points; indicate their meanings or interpretations. Isolate the crucial argument (focus), and point out wider implications. In the analysis you should consider the strength of the arguments for and against the position at issue, developing arguments of your own to decide between them. Ultimately your analysis should form the major portion of a sustained argument toward the position you are trying to establish.
D. Critically assess the overall strength of the arguments and positions presented by criteria such as: 1) method; 2) internal consistency; 3) fallacies of reasoning; 4) correspondence to reality; 5) practical application.
E. Conclude by summarizing and demonstrating an awareness of the limits of what your arguments have achieved.
G. The relevance of your comments to the topic or issue you are supposed to be addressing, either the assigned question or your chosen aim. Explain how your comments relate to the issue, and if the relationship is too complex or vague omit the comments or try another connection: the point being not to get sidetracked.
H. The clarity of your comments prevents your audience from having to guess at what you mean or taking what you say the wrong way to the detriment of your argument. Consider whether your words really do express your thinking.
I. The justification for your claims. Support every step of your thinking with good reasons. A well supported claim is of worth even if your opponent disagrees with the claim itself.